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The body perfect ideal and eating regulation goals: investigating the role of adolescents' identity styles

Joke Verstuyf (UGent) , Stijn Van Petegem (UGent) , Maarten Vansteenkiste (UGent) , Bart Soenens (UGent) and Liesbet Boone (UGent)
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Abstract
Adolescents are exposed to images depicting the thin or muscular ideal almost on a daily basis. When the body perfect ideal is adopted, adolescents are at increased risk for developing unhealthy and disordered eating behaviors. The aim of the current 3-wave longitudinal study among adolescents (N = 418; 54 % girls) was to investigate whether different styles of identity exploration (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) are associated differentially with changes in adoption of the body perfect ideal, which, in turn, would relate to changes in appearance-focused and health-focused eating regulation. Results indicated that the information-oriented style predicted decreases and the normative style predicted increases in adoption of the body perfect ideal. In turn, adoption of the body perfect ideal predicted significant increases in appearance-focused eating regulation but not in health-focused eating regulation. A diffuse-avoidant style was unrelated to changes in adoption of the body perfect, yet directly predicted decreases in health-focused eating regulation. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Keywords
DISORDER PREVENTION PROGRAM, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, BULIMIC SYMPTOMS, FIT INDEXES, NEGATIVE AFFECT, BEHAVIORS, DISSATISFACTION, WEIGHT, IMAGE. Identity, HEALTH, Body perfect, Thin-ideal internalization, Eating regulation, Adolescence

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Chicago
Verstuyf, Joke, Stijn Van Petegem, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens, and Liesbet Boone. 2014. “The Body Perfect Ideal and Eating Regulation Goals: Investigating the Role of Adolescents’ Identity Styles.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 43 (2): 284–297.
APA
Verstuyf, J., Van Petegem, S., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., & Boone, L. (2014). The body perfect ideal and eating regulation goals: investigating the role of adolescents’ identity styles. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, 43(2), 284–297.
Vancouver
1.
Verstuyf J, Van Petegem S, Vansteenkiste M, Soenens B, Boone L. The body perfect ideal and eating regulation goals: investigating the role of adolescents’ identity styles. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE. 2014;43(2):284–97.
MLA
Verstuyf, Joke, Stijn Van Petegem, Maarten Vansteenkiste, et al. “The Body Perfect Ideal and Eating Regulation Goals: Investigating the Role of Adolescents’ Identity Styles.” JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE 43.2 (2014): 284–297. Print.
@article{3220085,
  abstract     = {Adolescents are exposed to images depicting the thin or muscular ideal almost on a daily basis. When the body perfect ideal is adopted, adolescents are at increased risk for developing unhealthy and disordered eating behaviors. The aim of the current 3-wave longitudinal study among adolescents (N = 418; 54 \% girls) was to investigate whether different styles of identity exploration (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) are associated differentially with changes in adoption of the body perfect ideal, which, in turn, would relate to changes in appearance-focused and health-focused eating regulation. Results indicated that the information-oriented style predicted decreases and the normative style predicted increases in adoption of the body perfect ideal. In turn, adoption of the body perfect ideal predicted significant increases in appearance-focused eating regulation but not in health-focused eating regulation. A diffuse-avoidant style was unrelated to changes in adoption of the body perfect, yet directly predicted decreases in health-focused eating regulation. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.},
  author       = {Verstuyf, Joke and Van Petegem, Stijn and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Soenens, Bart and Boone, Liesbet},
  issn         = {0047-2891},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {284--297},
  title        = {The body perfect ideal and eating regulation goals: investigating the role of adolescents' identity styles},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9949-x},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2014},
}

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