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Divorce and the multidimensionality of men and women's mental health: the role of social-relational and socio-economic conditions

Sara Symoens (UGent) , Sarah Van de Velde (UGent) , Elien Colman (UGent) and Piet Bracke (UGent)
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Abstract
Research consistently reveals that the divorced generally face more mental health problems than the married. Less attention however has been paid to positive mental health indicators. Insight in these however may help policy makers and care providers to see both the broader picture and stimulate active coping. Using data from the European Social Survey (2006–2007), differences in both feelings of depression, and in feelings of self-esteem, autonomy, and competence between the married (N = 14,072) and divorced (N = 4,304) are estimated for women and men separately. Drawing on stress and coping theories, we map how specific social-relational and socio-economic conditions relate. Analyses reveal that divorce is related not only to more feelings of depression, but also to lower levels of self-esteem and competence. Difference scores in mental health based on marital status are also found to differ significantly between men and women for competence, with the difference being more pronounced in men. Additionally, social-relational and socio-economic conditions explain much of the gap in depression scores – and to a lesser extent, in self-esteem and competence scores – between the married and divorced. Finally, some interesting gender differences were found in how social-relational and socio-economic conditions relate to mental health when divorced, with women especially seeming to benefit from advantageous socio-economic conditions.
Keywords
stress, wellbeing, mental health, gender, divorce, EXPLANATIONS, MARRIAGE, HAPPINESS, CONSEQUENCES, SELF-ESTEEM, STRESS, TRANSITIONS, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, MARITAL-STATUS

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MLA
Symoens, Sara et al. “Divorce and the Multidimensionality of Men and Women’s Mental Health: The Role of Social-relational and Socio-economic Conditions.” APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE 9.2 (2014): 197–214. Print.
APA
Symoens, Sara, Van de Velde, S., Colman, E., & Bracke, P. (2014). Divorce and the multidimensionality of men and women’s mental health: the role of social-relational and socio-economic conditions. APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE, 9(2), 197–214.
Chicago author-date
Symoens, Sara, Sarah Van de Velde, Elien Colman, and Piet Bracke. 2014. “Divorce and the Multidimensionality of Men and Women’s Mental Health: The Role of Social-relational and Socio-economic Conditions.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 9 (2): 197–214.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Symoens, Sara, Sarah Van de Velde, Elien Colman, and Piet Bracke. 2014. “Divorce and the Multidimensionality of Men and Women’s Mental Health: The Role of Social-relational and Socio-economic Conditions.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 9 (2): 197–214.
Vancouver
1.
Symoens S, Van de Velde S, Colman E, Bracke P. Divorce and the multidimensionality of men and women’s mental health: the role of social-relational and socio-economic conditions. APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE. 2014;9(2):197–214.
IEEE
[1]
S. Symoens, S. Van de Velde, E. Colman, and P. Bracke, “Divorce and the multidimensionality of men and women’s mental health: the role of social-relational and socio-economic conditions,” APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 197–214, 2014.
@article{3211164,
  abstract     = {Research consistently reveals that the divorced generally face more mental health problems than the married. Less attention however has been paid to positive mental health indicators. Insight in these however may help policy makers and care providers to see both the broader picture and stimulate active coping. Using data from the European Social Survey (2006–2007), differences in both feelings of depression, and in feelings of self-esteem, autonomy, and competence between the married (N = 14,072) and divorced (N = 4,304) are estimated for women and men separately. Drawing on stress and coping theories, we map how specific social-relational and socio-economic conditions relate. Analyses reveal that divorce is related not only to more feelings of depression, but also to lower levels of self-esteem and competence. Difference scores in mental health based on marital status are also found to differ significantly between men and women for competence, with the difference being more pronounced in men. Additionally, social-relational and socio-economic conditions explain much of the gap in depression scores – and to a lesser extent, in self-esteem and competence scores – between the married and divorced. Finally, some interesting gender differences were found in how social-relational and socio-economic conditions relate to mental health when divorced, with women especially seeming to benefit from advantageous socio-economic conditions.},
  author       = {Symoens, Sara and Van de Velde, Sarah and Colman, Elien and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {1871-2584},
  journal      = {APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE},
  keywords     = {stress,wellbeing,mental health,gender,divorce,EXPLANATIONS,MARRIAGE,HAPPINESS,CONSEQUENCES,SELF-ESTEEM,STRESS,TRANSITIONS,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,MARITAL-STATUS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {197--214},
  title        = {Divorce and the multidimensionality of men and women's mental health: the role of social-relational and socio-economic conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11482-013-9239-5},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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