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Syntactic priming in bilingual patients with parallel and differential aphasia

Nele Verreyt (UGent) , Louisa Bogaerts (UGent) , Uschi Cop (UGent) , Sarah Bernolet (UGent) , Miet De Letter (UGent) , Dimitri Hemelsoet (UGent) , Patrick Santens (UGent) and Wouter Duyck (UGent)
(2013) APHASIOLOGY. 27(7). p.867-887
Author
Organization
Abstract
Background: Syntactic priming is the phenomenon by which the production or processing of a sentence is facilitated when that sentence is preceded by a sentence with a similar syntactic structure. Previous research has shown that this phenomenon also occurs across languages, i.e., hearing a sentence in one language can facilitate the production of a sentence with the same structure in another language. This suggests that syntactic representations are shared across languages. Aims. The aim of the current study is to investigate this cross-lingual syntactic priming in patients with bilingual aphasia. To address this aim, we asked the following three research questions: (1) Do patients with bilingual aphasia show priming effects within and across languages? (2) Do these priming effects differ from the priming effects observed in control participants? and (3) Does the pattern of priming effects interact with the type of aphasia? Methods and procedures. We tested two groups of patients: one group had similar impairments in both languages (parallel aphasia); in the other group, the impairments were larger in one of the languages (differential aphasia). We investigated syntactic priming within and across languages by means of a dialogue experiment. Outcomes and results. We found significant cross-lingual priming effects in both patient groups as well as in a control group. In addition, the effect size of both patient groups was similar to that of the control group. Conclusion. These findings support models that incorporate shared syntactic representations across languages, and are in favour of a non-localised account of differential aphasia in bilingual aphasia.
Keywords
SEMANTIC NAMING TREATMENT, SPANISH-ENGLISH BILINGUALS, CROSS-LINGUISTIC GENERALIZATION, SENTENCE PRODUCTION, LEXICAL ACCESS, LANGUAGE PRODUCTION, FMRI, REPRESENTATION, RECOVERY, 2ND-LANGUAGE, Bilingualism, Aphasia, Syntactic priming, Differential aphasia, Parallel aphasia

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MLA
Verreyt, Nele, Louisa Bogaerts, Uschi Cop, et al. “Syntactic Priming in Bilingual Patients with Parallel and Differential Aphasia.” APHASIOLOGY 27.7 (2013): 867–887. Print.
APA
Verreyt, N., Bogaerts, L., Cop, U., Bernolet, S., De Letter, M., Hemelsoet, D., Santens, P., et al. (2013). Syntactic priming in bilingual patients with parallel and differential aphasia. APHASIOLOGY, 27(7), 867–887.
Chicago author-date
Verreyt, Nele, Louisa Bogaerts, Uschi Cop, Sarah Bernolet, Miet De Letter, Dimitri Hemelsoet, Patrick Santens, and Wouter Duyck. 2013. “Syntactic Priming in Bilingual Patients with Parallel and Differential Aphasia.” Aphasiology 27 (7): 867–887.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verreyt, Nele, Louisa Bogaerts, Uschi Cop, Sarah Bernolet, Miet De Letter, Dimitri Hemelsoet, Patrick Santens, and Wouter Duyck. 2013. “Syntactic Priming in Bilingual Patients with Parallel and Differential Aphasia.” Aphasiology 27 (7): 867–887.
Vancouver
1.
Verreyt N, Bogaerts L, Cop U, Bernolet S, De Letter M, Hemelsoet D, et al. Syntactic priming in bilingual patients with parallel and differential aphasia. APHASIOLOGY. 2013;27(7):867–87.
IEEE
[1]
N. Verreyt et al., “Syntactic priming in bilingual patients with parallel and differential aphasia,” APHASIOLOGY, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 867–887, 2013.
@article{3208706,
  abstract     = {{Background: Syntactic priming is the phenomenon by which the production or processing of a sentence is facilitated when that sentence is preceded by a sentence with a similar syntactic structure. Previous research has shown that this phenomenon also occurs across languages, i.e., hearing a sentence in one language can facilitate the production of a sentence with the same structure in another language. This suggests that syntactic representations are shared across languages.
Aims. The aim of the current study is to investigate this cross-lingual syntactic priming in patients with bilingual aphasia. To address this aim, we asked the following three research questions: (1) Do patients with bilingual aphasia show priming effects within and across languages? (2) Do these priming effects differ from the priming effects observed in control participants? and (3) Does the pattern of priming effects interact with the type of aphasia?
Methods and procedures. We tested two groups of patients: one group had similar impairments in both languages (parallel aphasia); in the other group, the impairments were larger in one of the languages (differential aphasia). We investigated syntactic priming within and across languages by means of a dialogue experiment.
Outcomes and results. We found significant cross-lingual priming effects in both patient groups as well as in a control group. In addition, the effect size of both patient groups was similar to that of the control group.
Conclusion. These findings support models that incorporate shared syntactic representations across languages, and are in favour of a non-localised account of differential aphasia in bilingual aphasia.}},
  author       = {{Verreyt, Nele and Bogaerts, Louisa and Cop, Uschi and Bernolet, Sarah and De Letter, Miet and Hemelsoet, Dimitri and Santens, Patrick and Duyck, Wouter}},
  issn         = {{0268-7038}},
  journal      = {{APHASIOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{SEMANTIC NAMING TREATMENT,SPANISH-ENGLISH BILINGUALS,CROSS-LINGUISTIC GENERALIZATION,SENTENCE PRODUCTION,LEXICAL ACCESS,LANGUAGE PRODUCTION,FMRI,REPRESENTATION,RECOVERY,2ND-LANGUAGE,Bilingualism,Aphasia,Syntactic priming,Differential aphasia,Parallel aphasia}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{867--887}},
  title        = {{Syntactic priming in bilingual patients with parallel and differential aphasia}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2013.791918}},
  volume       = {{27}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}

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