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Modern HSLA steels and role of non-recrystallisation temperature

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Abstract
The use of heavy gauge steel sheets for structural applications often requires a combination of high yield strength and adequate toughness. The most cost effective way to achieve high yield strength and high ductility in low alloyed steels is through grain refinement. In industrial practice, such refinement is commonly obtained by thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP). This approach comprises slab reheating to well defined temperatures, a large amount of hot deformation below the non-recrystallisation temperature T-nr and accelerated cooling. In practice, the T-nr is generally raised by the addition of microalloying elements such as Nb and Ti. As these elements contribute substantially to the alloying costs, optimisation of their use allows for a decrease in production cost. Better understanding of the T-nr assists in tuning the rolling process so that optimum mechanical properties can be produced. One area of importance is to recognise that the concept of the T-nr was originally developed for reversing mills and the production of plate steels. Methods of defining and determining it must be modified if it is to be applied to strip mills and their associated short interpass times. The main goal of this review is to provide a concise and complete overview of the current understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that control the T-nr and to address the different methods that can be used to determine it.
Keywords
NIOBIUM MICROALLOYED STEELS, STRAIN-INDUCED PRECIPITATION, GRAIN-BOUNDARY MOTION, LOW-CARBON-STEELS, LOW-ALLOY STEELS, C-MN STEEL, STATIC RECRYSTALLIZATION, STRESS-RELAXATION, NB-STEELS, AUSTENITE RECRYSTALLIZATION, Non-recrystallisation temperature T-nr, Thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP), High strength low alloy (HSLA) steels, Niobium, Microalloying, Grain refinement, Rolling simulation, Review

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MLA
Vervynckt, Stephanie, Kim Verbeken, B Lopez, et al. “Modern HSLA Steels and Role of Non-recrystallisation Temperature.” INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS 57.4 (2012): 187–207. Print.
APA
Vervynckt, S., Verbeken, K., Lopez, B., & Jonas, J. (2012). Modern HSLA steels and role of non-recrystallisation temperature. INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS, 57(4), 187–207.
Chicago author-date
Vervynckt, Stephanie, Kim Verbeken, B Lopez, and JJ Jonas. 2012. “Modern HSLA Steels and Role of Non-recrystallisation Temperature.” International Materials Reviews 57 (4): 187–207.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vervynckt, Stephanie, Kim Verbeken, B Lopez, and JJ Jonas. 2012. “Modern HSLA Steels and Role of Non-recrystallisation Temperature.” International Materials Reviews 57 (4): 187–207.
Vancouver
1.
Vervynckt S, Verbeken K, Lopez B, Jonas J. Modern HSLA steels and role of non-recrystallisation temperature. INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS. 2012;57(4):187–207.
IEEE
[1]
S. Vervynckt, K. Verbeken, B. Lopez, and J. Jonas, “Modern HSLA steels and role of non-recrystallisation temperature,” INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 187–207, 2012.
@article{3196821,
  abstract     = {The use of heavy gauge steel sheets for structural applications often requires a combination of high yield strength and adequate toughness. The most cost effective way to achieve high yield strength and high ductility in low alloyed steels is through grain refinement. In industrial practice, such refinement is commonly obtained by thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP). This approach comprises slab reheating to well defined temperatures, a large amount of hot deformation below the non-recrystallisation temperature T-nr and accelerated cooling. In practice, the T-nr is generally raised by the addition of microalloying elements such as Nb and Ti. As these elements contribute substantially to the alloying costs, optimisation of their use allows for a decrease in production cost. Better understanding of the T-nr assists in tuning the rolling process so that optimum mechanical properties can be produced. One area of importance is to recognise that the concept of the T-nr was originally developed for reversing mills and the production of plate steels. Methods of defining and determining it must be modified if it is to be applied to strip mills and their associated short interpass times. The main goal of this review is to provide a concise and complete overview of the current understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that control the T-nr and to address the different methods that can be used to determine it.},
  author       = {Vervynckt, Stephanie and Verbeken, Kim and Lopez, B and Jonas, JJ},
  issn         = {0950-6608},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS},
  keywords     = {NIOBIUM MICROALLOYED STEELS,STRAIN-INDUCED PRECIPITATION,GRAIN-BOUNDARY MOTION,LOW-CARBON-STEELS,LOW-ALLOY STEELS,C-MN STEEL,STATIC RECRYSTALLIZATION,STRESS-RELAXATION,NB-STEELS,AUSTENITE RECRYSTALLIZATION,Non-recrystallisation temperature T-nr,Thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP),High strength low alloy (HSLA) steels,Niobium,Microalloying,Grain refinement,Rolling simulation,Review},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {187--207},
  title        = {Modern HSLA steels and role of non-recrystallisation temperature},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743280411Y.0000000013},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2012},
}

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