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How social is error observation? The neural mechanisms underlying the observation of human and machine errors

Charlotte Desmet (UGent) , Eliane Deschrijver (UGent) and Marcel Brass (UGent)
Author
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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
Recently, it has been shown that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) is involved in error execution as well as error observation. Based on this finding, it has been argued that recognizing each other's mistakes might rely on motor simulation. In the current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we directly tested this hypothesis by investigating whether medial prefrontal activity in error observation is restricted to situations that enable simulation. To this aim, we compared brain activity related to the observation of errors that can be simulated (human errors) with brain activity related to errors that cannot be simulated (machine errors). We show that medial prefrontal activity is not only restricted to the observation of human errors but also occurs when observing errors of a machine. In addition, our data indicate that the MPFC reflects a domain general mechanism of monitoring violations of expectancies.
Keywords
medial prefrontal cortex, simulation, action observation, error, IMITATION, EXPERIENCE, PREDICTION, ACTIVATION, FMRI, COMMON, CORTEX, BRAIN ACTIVITY, COGNITIVE CONTROL, EXTRASTRIATE BODY AREA

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Desmet, Charlotte, Eliane Deschrijver, and Marcel Brass. 2014. “How Social Is Error Observation? The Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Observation of Human and Machine Errors.” Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 9 (4): 427–435.
APA
Desmet, Charlotte, Deschrijver, E., & Brass, M. (2014). How social is error observation? The neural mechanisms underlying the observation of human and machine errors. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE, 9(4), 427–435.
Vancouver
1.
Desmet C, Deschrijver E, Brass M. How social is error observation? The neural mechanisms underlying the observation of human and machine errors. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE. 2014;9(4):427–35.
MLA
Desmet, Charlotte, Eliane Deschrijver, and Marcel Brass. “How Social Is Error Observation? The Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Observation of Human and Machine Errors.” SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE 9.4 (2014): 427–435. Print.
@article{3190947,
  abstract     = {Recently, it has been shown that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) is involved in error execution as well as error observation. Based on this finding, it has been argued that recognizing each other's mistakes might rely on motor simulation. In the current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we directly tested this hypothesis by investigating whether medial prefrontal activity in error observation is restricted to situations that enable simulation. To this aim, we compared brain activity related to the observation of errors that can be simulated (human errors) with brain activity related to errors that cannot be simulated (machine errors). We show that medial prefrontal activity is not only restricted to the observation of human errors but also occurs when observing errors of a machine. In addition, our data indicate that the MPFC reflects a domain general mechanism of monitoring violations of expectancies.},
  author       = {Desmet, Charlotte and Deschrijver, Eliane and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {1749-5016},
  journal      = {SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE},
  keywords     = {medial prefrontal cortex,simulation,action observation,error,IMITATION,EXPERIENCE,PREDICTION,ACTIVATION,FMRI,COMMON,CORTEX,BRAIN ACTIVITY,COGNITIVE CONTROL,EXTRASTRIATE BODY AREA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {427--435},
  title        = {How social is error observation? The neural mechanisms underlying the observation of human and machine errors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nst002},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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