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Erroneous and correct actions have a different affective valence: evidence from ERPs

Kristien Aarts UGent, Jan De Houwer UGent and Gilles Pourtois UGent (2013) EMOTION. 13(5). p.960-973
abstract
The accuracy of actions is swiftly determined through specific monitoring brain systems. Event-related potential (ERP) studies have shown that error commission is associated with the generation of the error-related negativity (ERN/Ne), whereas correct actions are associated with the correct-related negativity (CRN). Although the exact functional meaning of the ERN/Ne (and CRN) component remains debated, some authors have suggested that it reflects the processing of the emotional significance of actions. However, no study to date has directly linked amplitude changes at the level of the ERN/Ne-CRN to the affective processing of actions. To decode the emotional valence of actions performed during a go/no-go task, the authors used an evaluative priming method in this study. After each action following the go/no-go stimulus, participants had to categorize an evaluative word as either positive or negative. Behavioral results showed that response errors (i.e., false alarms, FAs) performed during the go/no-go task led to a faster categorization of negative than positive words. Remarkably, this evaluative priming effect was related to the magnitude of the ERN/Ne component generated during the go/no-go task. Moreover, ERP results showed that the processing of evaluative words following FAs was influenced early on after word onset (early posterior negativity-EPN effect), while it was influenced later following correct as well as incorrect actions (late positive potential-LPP effect). Altogether, these ERP results suggest that the action-related ERN-CRN component encodes the perceived emotional significance of actions, such that early stages of evaluative word processing following these actions are influenced by this automatic process.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ERROR-RELATED NEGATIVITY, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS, ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX, BRAIN ACTIVITY, COGNITIVE CONTROL, TIME-COURSE, FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE, AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION, RESPONSE ERRORS, action-monitoring, emotional valence, event-related potentials, evaluative priming, word-processing
journal title
EMOTION
volume
13
issue
5
pages
960 - 973
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000325467200016
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
3.371 (2013)
JCR rank
13/83 (2013)
JCR quartile
1 (2013)
ISSN
1528-3542
DOI
10.1037/a0032808
project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3182981
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3182981
date created
2013-04-04 16:00:31
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:07
@article{3182981,
  abstract     = {The accuracy of actions is swiftly determined through specific monitoring brain systems. Event-related potential (ERP) studies have shown that error commission is associated with the generation of the error-related negativity (ERN/Ne), whereas correct actions are associated with the correct-related negativity (CRN). Although the exact functional meaning of the ERN/Ne (and CRN) component remains debated, some authors have suggested that it reflects the processing of the emotional significance of actions. However, no study to date has directly linked amplitude changes at the level of the ERN/Ne-CRN to the affective processing of actions. To decode the emotional valence of actions performed during a go/no-go task, the authors used an evaluative priming method in this study. After each action following the go/no-go stimulus, participants had to categorize an evaluative word as either positive or negative. Behavioral results showed that response errors (i.e., false alarms, FAs) performed during the go/no-go task led to a faster categorization of negative than positive words. Remarkably, this evaluative priming effect was related to the magnitude of the ERN/Ne component generated during the go/no-go task. Moreover, ERP results showed that the processing of evaluative words following FAs was influenced early on after word onset (early posterior negativity-EPN effect), while it was influenced later following correct as well as incorrect actions (late positive potential-LPP effect). Altogether, these ERP results suggest that the action-related ERN-CRN component encodes the perceived emotional significance of actions, such that early stages of evaluative word processing following these actions are influenced by this automatic process.},
  author       = {Aarts, Kristien and De Houwer, Jan and Pourtois, Gilles},
  issn         = {1528-3542},
  journal      = {EMOTION},
  keyword      = {ERROR-RELATED NEGATIVITY,OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER,EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS,ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX,BRAIN ACTIVITY,COGNITIVE CONTROL,TIME-COURSE,FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE,AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION,RESPONSE ERRORS,action-monitoring,emotional valence,event-related potentials,evaluative priming,word-processing},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {960--973},
  title        = {Erroneous and correct actions have a different affective valence: evidence from ERPs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0032808},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Aarts, Kristien, Jan De Houwer, and Gilles Pourtois. 2013. “Erroneous and Correct Actions Have a Different Affective Valence: Evidence from ERPs.” Emotion 13 (5): 960–973.
APA
Aarts, K., De Houwer, J., & Pourtois, G. (2013). Erroneous and correct actions have a different affective valence: evidence from ERPs. EMOTION, 13(5), 960–973.
Vancouver
1.
Aarts K, De Houwer J, Pourtois G. Erroneous and correct actions have a different affective valence: evidence from ERPs. EMOTION. 2013;13(5):960–73.
MLA
Aarts, Kristien, Jan De Houwer, and Gilles Pourtois. “Erroneous and Correct Actions Have a Different Affective Valence: Evidence from ERPs.” EMOTION 13.5 (2013): 960–973. Print.