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  • TOYBOX (Multifactorial evidence based appraoch using behavioural models in understanding and promoting fun, healthy food, play and policy for the prevention of obesity in early childhood)
Abstract
Introduction : Qualitative research – and in particular the execution of focus groups – is a good way to collect ideas and strategies for future interventions. Focus groups with parents and teachers have already been executed to obtain information on preschoolers’ physical activity levels and nutrition habits. However, no focus groups have ever been executed to investigate what these caregivers think about how these behaviours can be changed. Based on these insights, effective interventions could be developed. Methods : Focus groups were carried out between October 2010 and January 2011 in six European countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain. In total, 24 focus groups with 122 parents and 18 focus groups with 87 teachers were executed. Data were analyzed, using qualitative data analysis software. Results : Both parents and teachers considered preschool children sufficiently active. They did not perceive the need to increase preschoolers’ physical activity levels. Furthermore, parents did not think it is necessary to decrease the intake of sugared milk drinks and fruit juices. They consider them as healthy because of the vitamins/minerals these beverages contain. Discussion : The European focus group results indicated misperceptions of caregivers on preschoolers’ physical activity levels and nutrition habits. This resulted in low perceived needs to change these behaviours. Consequently, the awareness of parents and teachers has to be raised concerning the need to change these behaviours and regarding the shared responsibility of parents and teachers to promote these healthy behaviours in preschoolers. Providing teachers with ready-to-use classroom material, and involving parents in preschoolers’ school activities, are perceived as promising ways in trying to change the behaviours of preschool children. References: Huybrechts I, De Henauw S. (2007). Br J Nutr, 98(3), 600-610. Kranz S, Siega-Riz AM, Herring AH. (2004). Am J Public Health, 94(9), 1525-1530. Oliver M, Schofield GM , Kolt GS. (2007). Sports Med, 37(12), 1045-1070.
Keywords
European study, beverage consumption, ToyBox-study, qualitative study, preschool children, physical activity

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
De Craemer, Marieke, Ellen De Decker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “Energy-balance Related Behaviours in Preschoolers: Focus Groups with Parents and Teachers.” ECSS 2012 : 17th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science : Book of Abstracts. European College of Sport Science (ECSS), 2012. 139–139. Print.
APA
De Craemer, M., De Decker, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Vereecken, C., Duvinage, K., Grammatikaki, E., et al. (2012). Energy-balance related behaviours in preschoolers: focus groups with parents and teachers. ECSS 2012 : 17th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science : book of abstracts (pp. 139–139). Presented at the 17th Annual congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS 2012), European College of Sport Science (ECSS).
Chicago author-date
De Craemer, Marieke, Ellen De Decker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Carine Vereecken, Kristin Duvinage, Eva Grammatikaki, et al. 2012. “Energy-balance Related Behaviours in Preschoolers: Focus Groups with Parents and Teachers.” In ECSS 2012 : 17th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science : Book of Abstracts, 139–139. European College of Sport Science (ECSS).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Craemer, Marieke, Ellen De Decker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Carine Vereecken, Kristin Duvinage, Eva Grammatikaki, Violeta Iotova, Juan Miguel Fernandez Alvira, Kamila Zych, Yannis Manios, and Greet Cardon. 2012. “Energy-balance Related Behaviours in Preschoolers: Focus Groups with Parents and Teachers.” In ECSS 2012 : 17th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science : Book of Abstracts, 139–139. European College of Sport Science (ECSS).
Vancouver
1.
De Craemer M, De Decker E, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Vereecken C, Duvinage K, et al. Energy-balance related behaviours in preschoolers: focus groups with parents and teachers. ECSS 2012 : 17th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science : book of abstracts. European College of Sport Science (ECSS); 2012. p. 139–139.
IEEE
[1]
M. De Craemer et al., “Energy-balance related behaviours in preschoolers: focus groups with parents and teachers,” in ECSS 2012 : 17th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science : book of abstracts, Bruges, Belgium, 2012, pp. 139–139.
@inproceedings{3163917,
  abstract     = {Introduction : Qualitative research – and in particular the execution of focus groups – is a good way to collect ideas and strategies for future interventions. Focus groups with parents and teachers have already been executed to obtain information on preschoolers’ physical activity levels and nutrition habits. However, no focus groups have ever been executed to investigate what these caregivers think about how these behaviours can be changed. Based on these insights, effective interventions could be developed.
Methods : Focus groups were carried out between October 2010 and January 2011 in six European countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain. In total, 24 focus groups with 122 parents and 18 focus groups with 87 teachers were executed. Data were analyzed, using qualitative data analysis software.
Results : Both parents and teachers considered preschool children  sufficiently active. They did not perceive the need to increase preschoolers’ physical activity levels. Furthermore, parents did not think it is necessary to decrease the intake of sugared milk drinks and fruit juices. They consider them as healthy because of the vitamins/minerals these beverages contain.
Discussion : The European focus group results indicated misperceptions of caregivers on preschoolers’ physical activity levels and nutrition habits. This resulted in low perceived needs to change these behaviours. Consequently, the awareness of parents and teachers has to be raised concerning the need to change these behaviours and regarding the shared responsibility of parents and teachers to promote these healthy behaviours in preschoolers. Providing teachers with ready-to-use classroom material, and involving parents in preschoolers’ school activities, are perceived as promising ways in trying to change the behaviours of preschool children.
References:
Huybrechts I, De Henauw S. (2007). Br J Nutr, 98(3), 600-610.
Kranz S, Siega-Riz AM, Herring AH. (2004). Am J Public Health, 94(9), 1525-1530.
Oliver M, Schofield GM , Kolt GS. (2007). Sports Med, 37(12), 1045-1070.},
  author       = {De Craemer, Marieke and De Decker, Ellen and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte and Vereecken, Carine and Duvinage, Kristin and Grammatikaki, Eva and Iotova, Violeta and Fernandez Alvira, Juan Miguel and Zych, Kamila and Manios, Yannis and Cardon, Greet},
  booktitle    = {ECSS 2012 : 17th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science : book of abstracts},
  isbn         = {9789090268682},
  keywords     = {European study,beverage consumption,ToyBox-study,qualitative study,preschool children,physical activity},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Bruges, Belgium},
  pages        = {139--139},
  publisher    = {European College of Sport Science (ECSS)},
  title        = {Energy-balance related behaviours in preschoolers: focus groups with parents and teachers},
  year         = {2012},
}