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Focused study on the quiet side effect in dwellings highly exposed to road traffic noise

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Abstract
This study provides additional evidence for the positive effect of the presence of a quiet facade at a dwelling and aims at unraveling potential mechanisms. Locations with dominant road traffic noise and high L-den-levels at the most exposed facade were selected. Dwellings both with and without a quiet facade were deliberately sought out. Face-to-face questionnaires (N = 100) were taken to study the influence of the presence of a quiet side in relation to noise annoyance and sleep disturbance. As a direct effect, the absence of a quiet facade in the dwelling (approached as a front-back facade noise level difference smaller than 10 dBA) leads to an important increase of at least moderately annoyed people (odds-ratio adjusted for noise sensitivity equals 3.3). In an indirect way, a bedroom located at the quiet side leads to an even stronger reduction of the self-reported noise annoyance (odds-ratio equal to 10.6 when adjusted for noise sensitivity and front facade L-den). The quiet side effect seems to be especially applicable for noise sensitive persons. A bedroom located at the quiet side also reduces noise-induced sleep disturbances. On a loud side, bedroom windows are more often closed, however, conflicting with the preference of dwellers.
Keywords
HEALTH, FACADE, TRANSPORTATION NOISE, ANNOYANCE, SENSITIVITY, noise annoyance, LIFE, MODEL, ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE, quiet side, noise-induced sleep disturbance, noise sensitivity, road traffic noise

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Chicago
Van Renterghem, Timothy, and Dick Botteldooren. 2012. “Focused Study on the Quiet Side Effect in Dwellings Highly Exposed to Road Traffic Noise.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (12): 4292–4310.
APA
Van Renterghem, T., & Botteldooren, D. (2012). Focused study on the quiet side effect in dwellings highly exposed to road traffic noise. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 9(12), 4292–4310.
Vancouver
1.
Van Renterghem T, Botteldooren D. Focused study on the quiet side effect in dwellings highly exposed to road traffic noise. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2012;9(12):4292–310.
MLA
Van Renterghem, Timothy, and Dick Botteldooren. “Focused Study on the Quiet Side Effect in Dwellings Highly Exposed to Road Traffic Noise.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 9.12 (2012): 4292–4310. Print.
@article{3161641,
  abstract     = {This study provides additional evidence for the positive effect of the presence of a quiet facade at a dwelling and aims at unraveling potential mechanisms. Locations with dominant road traffic noise and high L-den-levels at the most exposed facade were selected. Dwellings both with and without a quiet facade were deliberately sought out. Face-to-face questionnaires (N = 100) were taken to study the influence of the presence of a quiet side in relation to noise annoyance and sleep disturbance. As a direct effect, the absence of a quiet facade in the dwelling (approached as a front-back facade noise level difference smaller than 10 dBA) leads to an important increase of at least moderately annoyed people (odds-ratio adjusted for noise sensitivity equals 3.3). In an indirect way, a bedroom located at the quiet side leads to an even stronger reduction of the self-reported noise annoyance (odds-ratio equal to 10.6 when adjusted for noise sensitivity and front facade L-den). The quiet side effect seems to be especially applicable for noise sensitive persons. A bedroom located at the quiet side also reduces noise-induced sleep disturbances. On a loud side, bedroom windows are more often closed, however, conflicting with the preference of dwellers.},
  author       = {Van Renterghem, Timothy and Botteldooren, Dick},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {HEALTH,FACADE,TRANSPORTATION NOISE,ANNOYANCE,SENSITIVITY,noise annoyance,LIFE,MODEL,ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE,quiet side,noise-induced sleep disturbance,noise sensitivity,road traffic noise},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {4292--4310},
  title        = {Focused study on the quiet side effect in dwellings highly exposed to road traffic noise},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9124292},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2012},
}

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