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Evolution of marine storminess in the Belgian part of the North Sea

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Abstract
Severe storms have affected European coast lines in the past but knowledge on changes in storminess for the last decades is still sparse. Climate change is assumed to be a main driving factor with the potential to induce changes on the intensity, duration and frequency of powerful marine storms, including a long-term influence on peak wind speeds, surges and waves. It is, therefore, important to investigate whether in the last decades changes in the magnitude of storms, their duration and frequency could be observed. Understanding trends in storminess in the last decades will help to better prepare coastal managers for future events, taking into account potential changes on storm occurrence and magnitude to improve planning of mitigation and adaptation strategies. The purpose of this study was to focus on the evolution of extreme wind conditions, wave height and storm surge levels in the North Sea Region, especially in the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS). Based on the analysis performed it is concluded that no clear trend can be observed for the occurrence of significant increasing extreme wind speeds over the BPNS. Furthermore, one can conclude that not enough scientific evidence is available to support scenarios with increased wave height or storminess.
Keywords
WIND, MODEL, ATLANTIC, NETHERLANDS, CIRCULATION, CLIMATE

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Citation

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Chicago
Van den Eynde, Dries, Renaat De Sutter, and Piet Haerens. 2012. “Evolution of Marine Storminess in the Belgian Part of the North Sea.” Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 12 (2): 305–312.
APA
Van den Eynde, D., De Sutter, R., & Haerens, P. (2012). Evolution of marine storminess in the Belgian part of the North Sea. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 12(2), 305–312.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Eynde D, De Sutter R, Haerens P. Evolution of marine storminess in the Belgian part of the North Sea. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES. 2012;12(2):305–12.
MLA
Van den Eynde, Dries, Renaat De Sutter, and Piet Haerens. “Evolution of Marine Storminess in the Belgian Part of the North Sea.” NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES 12.2 (2012): 305–312. Print.
@article{3159922,
  abstract     = {Severe storms have affected European coast lines in the past but knowledge on changes in storminess for the last decades is still sparse. Climate change is assumed to be a main driving factor with the potential to induce changes on the intensity, duration and frequency of powerful marine storms, including a long-term influence on peak wind speeds, surges and waves. It is, therefore, important to investigate whether in the last decades changes in the magnitude of storms, their duration and frequency could be observed. Understanding trends in storminess in the last decades will help to better prepare coastal managers for future events, taking into account potential changes on storm occurrence and magnitude to improve planning of mitigation and adaptation strategies. The purpose of this study was to focus on the evolution of extreme wind conditions, wave height and storm surge levels in the North Sea Region, especially in the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS). Based on the analysis performed it is concluded that no clear trend can be observed for the occurrence of significant increasing extreme wind speeds over the BPNS. Furthermore, one can conclude that not enough scientific evidence is available to support scenarios with increased wave height or storminess.},
  author       = {Van den Eynde, Dries and De Sutter, Renaat and Haerens, Piet},
  issn         = {1561-8633},
  journal      = {NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES},
  keyword      = {WIND,MODEL,ATLANTIC,NETHERLANDS,CIRCULATION,CLIMATE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {305--312},
  title        = {Evolution of marine storminess in the Belgian part of the North Sea},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-12-305-2012},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

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