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Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation

(2013) PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW. 20(3). p.481-487
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Abstract
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a response in one task can be activated automatically on the basis merely of instructed stimulus-response (S-R) mappings belonging to another task. Such instruction-based response activations are considered to be evidence for the formation of S-R associations on the basis of the S-R mappings for an upcoming, but not yet executed, task. A crucial but somewhat neglected assumption is that instructed S-R associations are formed only under conditions that impose a sufficient degree of task preparation. Accordingly, in the present study we investigated the relation between task preparation and the instruction-based task-rule congruency effect, which is an index of response activation on the basis of instructions. The results from two experiments demonstrated that merely instructed S-R mappings of a particular task only elicit instruction-based response activations when that task is prepared for to a sufficient degree. Implications are discussed for the representation of instructed S-R mappings in working memory.
Keywords
WORKING-MEMORY, Task switching, Executive control, Attentional control, Working memory

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MLA
Liefooghe, Baptist, et al. “Instruction-Based Response Activation Depends on Task Preparation.” PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW, vol. 20, no. 3, 2013, pp. 481–87, doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7.
APA
Liefooghe, B., De Houwer, J., & Wenke, D. (2013). Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW, 20(3), 481–487. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7
Chicago author-date
Liefooghe, Baptist, Jan De Houwer, and Dorit Wenke. 2013. “Instruction-Based Response Activation Depends on Task Preparation.” PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 20 (3): 481–87. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Liefooghe, Baptist, Jan De Houwer, and Dorit Wenke. 2013. “Instruction-Based Response Activation Depends on Task Preparation.” PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 20 (3): 481–487. doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7.
Vancouver
1.
Liefooghe B, De Houwer J, Wenke D. Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW. 2013;20(3):481–7.
IEEE
[1]
B. Liefooghe, J. De Houwer, and D. Wenke, “Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation,” PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 481–487, 2013.
@article{3158044,
  abstract     = {{An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a response in one task can be activated automatically on the basis merely of instructed stimulus-response (S-R) mappings belonging to another task. Such instruction-based response activations are considered to be evidence for the formation of S-R associations on the basis of the S-R mappings for an upcoming, but not yet executed, task. A crucial but somewhat neglected assumption is that instructed S-R associations are formed only under conditions that impose a sufficient degree of task preparation. Accordingly, in the present study we investigated the relation between task preparation and the instruction-based task-rule congruency effect, which is an index of response activation on the basis of instructions. The results from two experiments demonstrated that merely instructed S-R mappings of a particular task only elicit instruction-based response activations when that task is prepared for to a sufficient degree. Implications are discussed for the representation of instructed S-R mappings in working memory.}},
  author       = {{Liefooghe, Baptist and De Houwer, Jan and Wenke, Dorit}},
  issn         = {{1069-9384}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW}},
  keywords     = {{WORKING-MEMORY,Task switching,Executive control,Attentional control,Working memory}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{481--487}},
  title        = {{Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7}},
  volume       = {{20}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}

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