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Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation

Baptist Liefooghe (UGent) , Jan De Houwer (UGent) and Dorit Wenke (UGent)
(2013) PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW. 20(3). p.481-487
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Abstract
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a response in one task can be activated automatically on the basis merely of instructed stimulus-response (S-R) mappings belonging to another task. Such instruction-based response activations are considered to be evidence for the formation of S-R associations on the basis of the S-R mappings for an upcoming, but not yet executed, task. A crucial but somewhat neglected assumption is that instructed S-R associations are formed only under conditions that impose a sufficient degree of task preparation. Accordingly, in the present study we investigated the relation between task preparation and the instruction-based task-rule congruency effect, which is an index of response activation on the basis of instructions. The results from two experiments demonstrated that merely instructed S-R mappings of a particular task only elicit instruction-based response activations when that task is prepared for to a sufficient degree. Implications are discussed for the representation of instructed S-R mappings in working memory.
Keywords
WORKING-MEMORY, Task switching, Executive control, Attentional control, Working memory

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Chicago
Liefooghe, Baptist, Jan De Houwer, and Dorit Wenke. 2013. “Instruction-based Response Activation Depends on Task Preparation.” Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 20 (3): 481–487.
APA
Liefooghe, B., De Houwer, J., & Wenke, D. (2013). Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW, 20(3), 481–487.
Vancouver
1.
Liefooghe B, De Houwer J, Wenke D. Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW. 2013;20(3):481–7.
MLA
Liefooghe, Baptist, Jan De Houwer, and Dorit Wenke. “Instruction-based Response Activation Depends on Task Preparation.” PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 20.3 (2013): 481–487. Print.
@article{3158044,
  abstract     = {An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a response in one task can be activated automatically on the basis merely of instructed stimulus-response (S-R) mappings belonging to another task. Such instruction-based response activations are considered to be evidence for the formation of S-R associations on the basis of the S-R mappings for an upcoming, but not yet executed, task. A crucial but somewhat neglected assumption is that instructed S-R associations are formed only under conditions that impose a sufficient degree of task preparation. Accordingly, in the present study we investigated the relation between task preparation and the instruction-based task-rule congruency effect, which is an index of response activation on the basis of instructions. The results from two experiments demonstrated that merely instructed S-R mappings of a particular task only elicit instruction-based response activations when that task is prepared for to a sufficient degree. Implications are discussed for the representation of instructed S-R mappings in working memory.},
  author       = {Liefooghe, Baptist and De Houwer, Jan and Wenke, Dorit},
  issn         = {1069-9384},
  journal      = {PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN \& REVIEW},
  keyword      = {WORKING-MEMORY,Task switching,Executive control,Attentional control,Working memory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {481--487},
  title        = {Instruction-based response activation depends on task preparation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-013-0374-7},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2013},
}

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