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Effect of fermented moist feed on performance, gut bacteria and gut histo-morphology in broilers

Joris Missotten, Joris Michiels UGent, Noël Dierick UGent, Anneke Ovyn UGent, Abdollah Akbarian and Stefaan De Smet UGent (2013) BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE. 54(5). p.627-634
abstract
1. Fermented feed has been shown to be beneficial in pig nutrition as a tool to reduce gut microbial disorders. Experiments with fermented feed in poultry are scarce, probably because of the belief that wet feed is less suitable for this species and causes wet litter. 2. A total of 280 one-d-old Ross 308 chickens were used in a completely randomised design with two dietary treatments (7 replicates of 20 birds/treatment); air-dry feed versus the same feed in moist form (water:feed ratio of 1.3:1, on a weight basis), inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 40087 (9 log(10) CFU/kg feed) and batch-fermented for 48h at 26 degrees C. The birds were given starter (d 0-13), grower (d 4-26) and finisher (d 27-39) diets ad libitum. At the end of the grower and finisher period, two birds per pen were removed to sample intestinal contents for cultivating bacteria and intestinal tissue to determine villus height and crypt depth. 3. Fermented moist feed (FMF) batches showed good characteristics, with a pH between 3.9 and 4.4 and DL-lactic acid between 137 and 286mmol/l. Daily feed intake and gain were reduced considerably in the FMF group in the starter (-40 and -44%, respectively) and grower (-23 and -16%) period, though in the finisher period these birds performed better, with an improved feed utilisation. Concomitant with the latter, villus height at the mid-jejunum and mid-ileum on d 39 was higher (+22.6% and +16.0%). Significantly more Lactobacilli and less coliforms were found in the foregut and less Streptococci in ileum and caeca of birds given FMF. 4. This trial showed that FMF was detrimental for early bird growth but affected beneficially feed efficiency, the composition of the gut bacteria and villus height in the small intestine in the finisher period in broilers.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
LACTIC-ACID, PIGS, DIETS, SALMONELLA-ENTERITIDIS, LIQUID FEED, CHICKENS, LACTOBACILLUS-PLANTARUM, GASTROINTESTINAL ECOLOGY, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, GROWTH-PERFORMANCE
journal title
BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE
Br. Poult. Sci.
volume
54
issue
5
pages
627 - 634
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000327513700011
JCR category
AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
JCR impact factor
0.782 (2013)
JCR rank
28/52 (2013)
JCR quartile
3 (2013)
ISSN
0007-1668
DOI
10.1080/00071668.2013.811718
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3157868
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3157868
date created
2013-03-05 17:06:12
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:46
@article{3157868,
  abstract     = {1. Fermented feed has been shown to be beneficial in pig nutrition as a tool to reduce gut microbial disorders. Experiments with fermented feed in poultry are scarce, probably because of the belief that wet feed is less suitable for this species and causes wet litter.
2. A total of 280 one-d-old Ross 308 chickens were used in a completely randomised design with two dietary treatments (7 replicates of 20 birds/treatment); air-dry feed versus the same feed in moist form (water:feed ratio of 1.3:1, on a weight basis), inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 40087 (9 log(10) CFU/kg feed) and batch-fermented for 48h at 26 degrees C. The birds were given starter (d 0-13), grower (d 4-26) and finisher (d 27-39) diets ad libitum. At the end of the grower and finisher period, two birds per pen were removed to sample intestinal contents for cultivating bacteria and intestinal tissue to determine villus height and crypt depth.
3. Fermented moist feed (FMF) batches showed good characteristics, with a pH between 3.9 and 4.4 and DL-lactic acid between 137 and 286mmol/l. Daily feed intake and gain were reduced considerably in the FMF group in the starter (-40 and -44\%, respectively) and grower (-23 and -16\%) period, though in the finisher period these birds performed better, with an improved feed utilisation. Concomitant with the latter, villus height at the mid-jejunum and mid-ileum on d 39 was higher (+22.6\% and +16.0\%). Significantly more Lactobacilli and less coliforms were found in the foregut and less Streptococci in ileum and caeca of birds given FMF.
4. This trial showed that FMF was detrimental for early bird growth but affected beneficially feed efficiency, the composition of the gut bacteria and villus height in the small intestine in the finisher period in broilers.},
  author       = {Missotten, Joris and Michiels, Joris and Dierick, No{\"e}l and Ovyn, Anneke and Akbarian, Abdollah and De Smet, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0007-1668},
  journal      = {BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {LACTIC-ACID,PIGS,DIETS,SALMONELLA-ENTERITIDIS,LIQUID FEED,CHICKENS,LACTOBACILLUS-PLANTARUM,GASTROINTESTINAL ECOLOGY,SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE,GROWTH-PERFORMANCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {627--634},
  title        = {Effect of fermented moist feed on performance, gut bacteria and gut histo-morphology in broilers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2013.811718},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Missotten, Joris, Joris Michiels, Noël Dierick, Anneke Ovyn, Abdollah Akbarian, and Stefaan De Smet. 2013. “Effect of Fermented Moist Feed on Performance, Gut Bacteria and Gut Histo-morphology in Broilers.” British Poultry Science 54 (5): 627–634.
APA
Missotten, J., Michiels, J., Dierick, N., Ovyn, A., Akbarian, A., & De Smet, S. (2013). Effect of fermented moist feed on performance, gut bacteria and gut histo-morphology in broilers. BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 54(5), 627–634.
Vancouver
1.
Missotten J, Michiels J, Dierick N, Ovyn A, Akbarian A, De Smet S. Effect of fermented moist feed on performance, gut bacteria and gut histo-morphology in broilers. BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE. 2013;54(5):627–34.
MLA
Missotten, Joris, Joris Michiels, Noël Dierick, et al. “Effect of Fermented Moist Feed on Performance, Gut Bacteria and Gut Histo-morphology in Broilers.” BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE 54.5 (2013): 627–634. Print.