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Low MRSA prevalence in horses at farm level

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Abstract
Background: In Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and infection. Whether equine MRSA is bound to hospitals or can also circulate in the general horse population is currently unknown. This study, therefore, reports the nasal and perianal MRSA screening of 189 horses on 10 farms in a suspected high prevalence region (East-and West-Flanders, Belgium). Results: Only one horse (0.53%) from one farm (10%) tested positive in the nose. It carried a spa type t011-SCCmecV isolate, resistant to beta-lactams and tetracycline, which is typical for livestock-associated MRSA CC398. Conclusion: In the region tested here, horses on horse farms seem unlikely to substantially contribute to the large animal associated ST398 MRSA reservoir present at intensive animal production units.
Keywords
Horse, Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Methicillin resistance, Horse farm, RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS, MULTIPLEX PCR, VETERINARY PERSONNEL, HEALTHY HORSES, NASAL CARRIAGE, RISK-FACTORS, COLONIZATION, ST398, INFECTIONS, COMMUNITY

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Chicago
Van den Eede, Annelies, Ann Martens, Isabelle Feryn, Wannes Vanderhaeghen, Urszula Lipinska, Frank Gasthuys, Patrick Butaye, Freddy Haesebrouck, and Katleen Hermans. 2012. “Low MRSA Prevalence in Horses at Farm Level.” Bmc Veterinary Research 8.
APA
Van den Eede, A., Martens, A., Feryn, I., Vanderhaeghen, W., Lipinska, U., Gasthuys, F., Butaye, P., et al. (2012). Low MRSA prevalence in horses at farm level. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH, 8.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Eede A, Martens A, Feryn I, Vanderhaeghen W, Lipinska U, Gasthuys F, et al. Low MRSA prevalence in horses at farm level. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2012;8.
MLA
Van den Eede, Annelies, Ann Martens, Isabelle Feryn, et al. “Low MRSA Prevalence in Horses at Farm Level.” BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 8 (2012): n. pag. Print.
@article{3157010,
  abstract     = {Background: In Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and infection. Whether equine MRSA is bound to hospitals or can also circulate in the general horse population is currently unknown. This study, therefore, reports the nasal and perianal MRSA screening of 189 horses on 10 farms in a suspected high prevalence region (East-and West-Flanders, Belgium). 
Results: Only one horse (0.53\%) from one farm (10\%) tested positive in the nose. It carried a spa type t011-SCCmecV isolate, resistant to beta-lactams and tetracycline, which is typical for livestock-associated MRSA CC398. 
Conclusion: In the region tested here, horses on horse farms seem unlikely to substantially contribute to the large animal associated ST398 MRSA reservoir present at intensive animal production units.},
  articleno    = {213},
  author       = {Van den Eede, Annelies and Martens, Ann and Feryn, Isabelle and Vanderhaeghen, Wannes and Lipinska, Urszula and Gasthuys, Frank and Butaye, Patrick and Haesebrouck, Freddy and Hermans, Katleen},
  issn         = {1746-6148},
  journal      = {BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {Horse,Staphylococcus aureus,MRSA,Methicillin resistance,Horse farm,RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS,MULTIPLEX PCR,VETERINARY PERSONNEL,HEALTHY HORSES,NASAL CARRIAGE,RISK-FACTORS,COLONIZATION,ST398,INFECTIONS,COMMUNITY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {4},
  title        = {Low MRSA prevalence in horses at farm level},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-8-213},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2012},
}

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