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Crime, criminal justice and criminology in Belgium

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Abstract
For criminologists, Belgium is at once an interesting and a very complex country. Belgium is one of the first European countries where criminology became institutionalized in the universities. As for criminal justice, in many ways Belgium can be situated in the European middle. One feature of Belgium is its institutional complexity, with a push towards devolving decision-making powers from the federal level to its entities. This recently led to the longest period of post-election government negotiations in a democratic country: for more than 500 days, the country had no real federal government. Current agreements on a future sixth reform of the federal state include devolving matters of justice to the regions and language-based communities. Moreover, since the mid-1990s Belgium has been going through a period of unprecedented criminal justice reform, in various key areas such as policing, the prison system and victim policy. However, the persistent overcrowding of Belgian prisons has hampered various reform efforts and has determined the course of penal policy in recent decades.
Keywords
criminal justice reform, criminal justice, Belgium, REFORM, statistics, criminology

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Daems, Tom, Eric Maes, and Luc Robert. “Crime, Criminal Justice and Criminology in Belgium.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 10.2 (2013): 237–254. Print.
APA
Daems, T., Maes, E., & Robert, L. (2013). Crime, criminal justice and criminology in Belgium. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, 10(2), 237–254.
Chicago author-date
Daems, Tom, Eric Maes, and Luc Robert. 2013. “Crime, Criminal Justice and Criminology in Belgium.” European Journal of Criminology 10 (2): 237–254.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Daems, Tom, Eric Maes, and Luc Robert. 2013. “Crime, Criminal Justice and Criminology in Belgium.” European Journal of Criminology 10 (2): 237–254.
Vancouver
1.
Daems T, Maes E, Robert L. Crime, criminal justice and criminology in Belgium. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY. 2013;10(2):237–54.
IEEE
[1]
T. Daems, E. Maes, and L. Robert, “Crime, criminal justice and criminology in Belgium,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 237–254, 2013.
@article{3153152,
  abstract     = {For criminologists, Belgium is at once an interesting and a very complex country. Belgium is one of the first European countries where criminology became institutionalized in the universities. As for criminal justice, in many ways Belgium can be situated in the European middle. One feature of Belgium is its institutional complexity, with a push towards devolving decision-making powers from the federal level to its entities. This recently led to the longest period of post-election government negotiations in a democratic country: for more than 500 days, the country had no real federal government. Current agreements on a future sixth reform of the federal state include devolving matters of justice to the regions and language-based communities. Moreover, since the mid-1990s Belgium has been going through a period of unprecedented criminal justice reform, in various key areas such as policing, the prison system and victim policy. However, the persistent overcrowding of Belgian prisons has hampered various reform efforts and has determined the course of penal policy in recent decades.},
  author       = {Daems, Tom and Maes, Eric and Robert, Luc},
  issn         = {1477-3708},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY},
  keywords     = {criminal justice reform,criminal justice,Belgium,REFORM,statistics,criminology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {237--254},
  title        = {Crime, criminal justice and criminology in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1477370812464467},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2013},
}

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