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Several enteropathogens are circulating in suckling and newly weaned piglets suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba

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Abstract
Intestinal contents of suckling (n = 45) and newly weaned (n = 45) piglets, suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, were tested for viral, bacterial, and parasitic enteropathogens from May to June 2008. At least one enteropathogen was identified in 53.3 % of piglets and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC; 25.6 %) was the major pathogen; mostly STa+/STb+ or F4(+)/STa+/STb+ ETEC were isolated. The overall occurrence of the rest of pathogens was 10 % for transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and Cryptosporidium parvum, 6.7 % for rotavirus A and Isospora suis, 5.6 % for alpha-toxigenic Clostridium perfringens, 3.3 % for verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC), and 2.2 % for Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Newport. TGEV and alpha-toxigenic C. perfringens were only identified in suckling piglets, while Salmonella Newport and VTEC were only detected in weaned pigs. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), beta-toxigenic C. perfringens, Eimeria spp., and helminths were not identified. Eight kinds of mixed infections were detected in 25 % of enteropathogen positive piglets. ETEC was present in 10 of 12 mixed infections, and TGEV infections were never combined. This survey demonstrates that several enteropathogens are circulating in piggeries located in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, and that is necessary to improve surveillance, prevention, and control of enteric infections in order to increase production efficiency.
Keywords
VIRULENCE GENES, ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI, ISOSPORA-SUIS, YOUNG-PIGS, PREVALENCE, RESISTANCE, ROTAVIRUS, SEROTYPES, INFECTION, STRAINS

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Chicago
de la Fé Rodriguez, Pedro, Luis O Maroto Martin, Eduardo Cruz Muñoz, Hein Imberechts, Patrick Butaye, Bruno Goddeeris, and Eric Cox. 2013. “Several Enteropathogens Are Circulating in Suckling and Newly Weaned Piglets Suffering from Diarrhea in the Province of Villa Clara, Cuba.” Tropical Animal Health and Production 45 (2): 435–440.
APA
de la Fé Rodriguez, P., Maroto Martin, L. O., Cruz Muñoz, E., Imberechts, H., Butaye, P., Goddeeris, B., & Cox, E. (2013). Several enteropathogens are circulating in suckling and newly weaned piglets suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba. TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, 45(2), 435–440.
Vancouver
1.
de la Fé Rodriguez P, Maroto Martin LO, Cruz Muñoz E, Imberechts H, Butaye P, Goddeeris B, et al. Several enteropathogens are circulating in suckling and newly weaned piglets suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba. TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION. 2013;45(2):435–40.
MLA
de la Fé Rodriguez, Pedro, Luis O Maroto Martin, Eduardo Cruz Muñoz, et al. “Several Enteropathogens Are Circulating in Suckling and Newly Weaned Piglets Suffering from Diarrhea in the Province of Villa Clara, Cuba.” TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION 45.2 (2013): 435–440. Print.
@article{3153063,
  abstract     = {Intestinal contents of suckling (n = 45) and newly weaned (n = 45) piglets, suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, were tested for viral, bacterial, and parasitic enteropathogens from May to June 2008. At least one enteropathogen was identified in 53.3 \% of piglets and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC; 25.6 \%) was the major pathogen; mostly STa+/STb+ or F4(+)/STa+/STb+ ETEC were isolated. The overall occurrence of the rest of pathogens was 10 \% for transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and Cryptosporidium parvum, 6.7 \% for rotavirus A and Isospora suis, 5.6 \% for alpha-toxigenic Clostridium perfringens, 3.3 \% for verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC), and 2.2 \% for Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Newport. TGEV and alpha-toxigenic C. perfringens were only identified in suckling piglets, while Salmonella Newport and VTEC were only detected in weaned pigs. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), beta-toxigenic C. perfringens, Eimeria spp., and helminths were not identified. Eight kinds of mixed infections were detected in 25 \% of enteropathogen positive piglets. ETEC was present in 10 of 12 mixed infections, and TGEV infections were never combined. This survey demonstrates that several enteropathogens are circulating in piggeries located in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, and that is necessary to improve surveillance, prevention, and control of enteric infections in order to increase production efficiency.},
  author       = {de la F{\'e} Rodriguez, Pedro and Maroto Martin, Luis O and Cruz Mu{\~n}oz, Eduardo and Imberechts, Hein and Butaye, Patrick and Goddeeris, Bruno and Cox, Eric},
  issn         = {0049-4747},
  journal      = {TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION},
  keyword      = {VIRULENCE GENES,ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI,ISOSPORA-SUIS,YOUNG-PIGS,PREVALENCE,RESISTANCE,ROTAVIRUS,SEROTYPES,INFECTION,STRAINS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {435--440},
  title        = {Several enteropathogens are circulating in suckling and newly weaned piglets suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0236-8},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2013},
}

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