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Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging

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Abstract
Background : Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused for enhancing muscle mass, strength, growth and improving athletic performance. Materials and methods : In recent years, many observational and interventional studies have shown important adverse cardiovascular effects of AAS abuse. Conclusions : This review discusses established and future perspectives of novel molecular imaging techniques that may serve as potential tools for early detection of AAS-associated cardiovascular disorders.
Keywords
CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE, DYSFUNCTION, molecular imaging, A(2) RECEPTOR DENSITY, imaging, cardiovascular, Anabolic-androgenic steroids, LIPOPROTEIN, MEN, WEIGHT LIFTERS, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES, TESTOSTERONE-REPLACEMENT, ANDROGENIC STEROIDS

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Citation

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Chicago
Golestani, Reza, Riemer HJA Slart, Robin PF Dullaart, Andor WJM Glaudemans, Clark J Zeebregts, Hendrikus H Boersma, René A Tio, and Rudi Dierckx. 2012. “Adverse Cardiovascular Effects of Anabolic Steroids: Pathophysiology Imaging.” European Journal of Clinical Investigation 42 (7): 795–803.
APA
Golestani, Reza, Slart, R. H., Dullaart, R. P., Glaudemans, A. W., Zeebregts, C. J., Boersma, H. H., Tio, R. A., et al. (2012). Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 42(7), 795–803.
Vancouver
1.
Golestani R, Slart RH, Dullaart RP, Glaudemans AW, Zeebregts CJ, Boersma HH, et al. Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION. 2012;42(7):795–803.
MLA
Golestani, Reza, Riemer HJA Slart, Robin PF Dullaart, et al. “Adverse Cardiovascular Effects of Anabolic Steroids: Pathophysiology Imaging.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION 42.7 (2012): 795–803. Print.
@article{3151034,
  abstract     = {Background : Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused for enhancing muscle mass, strength, growth and improving athletic performance.
Materials and methods : In recent years, many observational and interventional studies have shown important adverse cardiovascular effects of AAS abuse.
Conclusions : This review discusses established and future perspectives of novel molecular imaging techniques that may serve as potential tools for early detection of AAS-associated cardiovascular disorders.},
  author       = {Golestani, Reza and Slart, Riemer HJA and Dullaart, Robin PF and Glaudemans, Andor WJM and Zeebregts, Clark J and Boersma, Hendrikus H and Tio, René A and Dierckx, Rudi},
  issn         = {0014-2972},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION},
  keywords     = {CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE,DYSFUNCTION,molecular imaging,A(2) RECEPTOR DENSITY,imaging,cardiovascular,Anabolic-androgenic steroids,LIPOPROTEIN,MEN,WEIGHT LIFTERS,MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION,ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES,TESTOSTERONE-REPLACEMENT,ANDROGENIC STEROIDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {795--803},
  title        = {Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02642.x},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2012},
}

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