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Diagnostic and prognostic value of calcium oscillatory pattern analysis for patients with ICSI fertilization failure

Frauke Vanden Meerschaut (UGent) , Luc Leybaert (UGent) , Dimitra Nikiforaki (UGent) , Chen Qian (UGent) , Björn Heindryckx (UGent) and Petra De Sutter (UGent)
(2013) HUMAN REPRODUCTION. 28(1). p.87-98
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Abstract
STUDY QUESTION: Does calcium oscillatory pattern analysis following heterologous intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of human sperm into mouse oocytes lead to diagnostic and prognostic information for patients suffering from ICSI fertilization failure? SUMMARY ANSWER: We found that calcium oscillatory pattern analysis following heterologous ICSI has the strength to reveal, for the individual patient, the most probable underlying reason for low or failed fertilization after conventional ICSI. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertilization failure occurs in 1-3% of the couples undergoing conventional ICSI, for whom the mouse oocyte activation test (MOAT) or a similar heterologous ICSI model is the only diagnostic test available to evaluate the oocyte-activating capacity of human sperm cells. The MOAT classifies the patients into three groups: a low (group 1), an intermediate (group 2) and a high (group 3) activating group. In MOAT group 1 patients, a sperm-related deficiency is likely to be the cause of previous fertilization failures, while in MOAT group 3 patients a sperm-related deficiency can most probably be refuted. For MOAT group 2 patients, the result is called inconclusive; hence, both sperm and oocyte deficiencies may still contribute to the previous ICSI fertilization failure. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The calcium-releasing ability of sperm from 26 MOAT patients with a history of zero or low fertilization following conventional ICSI was compared with the calcium-releasing ability of sperm from 4 control patients, with proven oocyte activation potential. Per case an average of 19 mouse oocytes were injected. Calcium imaging started within 5-10 min after ICSI and continued for 2 h. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Human sperm were demembranated with 0.02% lysolecithin for 1 min immediately before heterologous piezo-driven ICSI. For calcium imaging, metaphase II oocytes from B6D2/F1 mice were loaded with fura-2 acetoxymethyl ester. The calcium oscillatory patterns following heterologous ICSI were scored per oocyte and per patient individually based on the presence of calcium spikes and their frequency and amplitude. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: For patients with low or high MOAT activating capacity (MOAT group 1 or 3, respectively), calcium analysis confirmed the MOAT result. For patients with a former inconclusive intermediate MOAT activating capacity result (MOAT group 2), no or strongly dissimilar calcium oscillatory patterns were seen, with significantly lower amplitude and frequency compared with control sperm. When the product of the amplitude and the frequency of the calcium traces was compared between the groups, MOAT group 1 and 2 cases differed significantly from MOAT group 3 cases and the control sperm (P < 0.01). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The results of the calcium analysis in mouse oocytes should not be directly extrapolated to human oocytes, since it is well known that human spermatozoa exhibit a greater activating potency in mouse oocytes compared with mouse spermatozoa. Furthermore, not much is known yet about the influence of aberrant calcium oscillatory patterns, such as found in MOAT group 2 patients, on pre- and post-implantation embryo development in the human. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Based on the current calcium oscillatory pattern analysis, we found that the product of calcium spike amplitude with its frequency allowed us to create a new threshold value, which can assist in confirming or refuting, on a single patient base, a sperm-borne activation deficiency. The latter is especially interesting for patients with a former intermediate inconclusive MOAT result (MOAT group 2 patients), for whom calcium oscillatory pattern analysis should be considered.
Keywords
failed fertilization, ICSI, mouse oocyte activation test, calcium signalling, oocyte activation, INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION, PHOSPHOLIPASE-C-ZETA, ASSISTED OOCYTE ACTIVATION, HUMAN SPERMATOZOA, CA2+ OSCILLATIONS, EGG ACTIVATION, NORMOZOOSPERMIC PATIENT, FAILED FERTILIZATION, SUCCESSFUL PREGNANCY, EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT

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MLA
Vanden Meerschaut, Frauke, Luc Leybaert, Dimitra Nikiforaki, et al. “Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Calcium Oscillatory Pattern Analysis for Patients with ICSI Fertilization Failure.” HUMAN REPRODUCTION 28.1 (2013): 87–98. Print.
APA
Vanden Meerschaut, F., Leybaert, L., Nikiforaki, D., Qian, C., Heindryckx, B., & De Sutter, P. (2013). Diagnostic and prognostic value of calcium oscillatory pattern analysis for patients with ICSI fertilization failure. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 28(1), 87–98.
Chicago author-date
Vanden Meerschaut, Frauke, Luc Leybaert, Dimitra Nikiforaki, Chen Qian, Björn Heindryckx, and Petra De Sutter. 2013. “Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Calcium Oscillatory Pattern Analysis for Patients with ICSI Fertilization Failure.” Human Reproduction 28 (1): 87–98.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanden Meerschaut, Frauke, Luc Leybaert, Dimitra Nikiforaki, Chen Qian, Björn Heindryckx, and Petra De Sutter. 2013. “Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of Calcium Oscillatory Pattern Analysis for Patients with ICSI Fertilization Failure.” Human Reproduction 28 (1): 87–98.
Vancouver
1.
Vanden Meerschaut F, Leybaert L, Nikiforaki D, Qian C, Heindryckx B, De Sutter P. Diagnostic and prognostic value of calcium oscillatory pattern analysis for patients with ICSI fertilization failure. HUMAN REPRODUCTION. 2013;28(1):87–98.
IEEE
[1]
F. Vanden Meerschaut, L. Leybaert, D. Nikiforaki, C. Qian, B. Heindryckx, and P. De Sutter, “Diagnostic and prognostic value of calcium oscillatory pattern analysis for patients with ICSI fertilization failure,” HUMAN REPRODUCTION, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 87–98, 2013.
@article{3149594,
  abstract     = {STUDY QUESTION: Does calcium oscillatory pattern analysis following heterologous intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of human sperm into mouse oocytes lead to diagnostic and prognostic information for patients suffering from ICSI fertilization failure?
SUMMARY ANSWER: We found that calcium oscillatory pattern analysis following heterologous ICSI has the strength to reveal, for the individual patient, the most probable underlying reason for low or failed fertilization after conventional ICSI.
WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertilization failure occurs in 1-3% of the couples undergoing conventional ICSI, for whom the mouse oocyte activation test (MOAT) or a similar heterologous ICSI model is the only diagnostic test available to evaluate the oocyte-activating capacity of human sperm cells. The MOAT classifies the patients into three groups: a low (group 1), an intermediate (group 2) and a high (group 3) activating group. In MOAT group 1 patients, a sperm-related deficiency is likely to be the cause of previous fertilization failures, while in MOAT group 3 patients a sperm-related deficiency can most probably be refuted. For MOAT group 2 patients, the result is called inconclusive; hence, both sperm and oocyte deficiencies may still contribute to the previous ICSI fertilization failure.
STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The calcium-releasing ability of sperm from 26 MOAT patients with a history of zero or low fertilization following conventional ICSI was compared with the calcium-releasing ability of sperm from 4 control patients, with proven oocyte activation potential. Per case an average of 19 mouse oocytes were injected. Calcium imaging started within 5-10 min after ICSI and continued for 2 h.
PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Human sperm were demembranated with 0.02% lysolecithin for 1 min immediately before heterologous piezo-driven ICSI. For calcium imaging, metaphase II oocytes from B6D2/F1 mice were loaded with fura-2 acetoxymethyl ester. The calcium oscillatory patterns following heterologous ICSI were scored per oocyte and per patient individually based on the presence of calcium spikes and their frequency and amplitude.
MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: For patients with low or high MOAT activating capacity (MOAT group 1 or 3, respectively), calcium analysis confirmed the MOAT result. For patients with a former inconclusive intermediate MOAT activating capacity result (MOAT group 2), no or strongly dissimilar calcium oscillatory patterns were seen, with significantly lower amplitude and frequency compared with control sperm. When the product of the amplitude and the frequency of the calcium traces was compared between the groups, MOAT group 1 and 2 cases differed significantly from MOAT group 3 cases and the control sperm (P < 0.01).
LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The results of the calcium analysis in mouse oocytes should not be directly extrapolated to human oocytes, since it is well known that human spermatozoa exhibit a greater activating potency in mouse oocytes compared with mouse spermatozoa. Furthermore, not much is known yet about the influence of aberrant calcium oscillatory patterns, such as found in MOAT group 2 patients, on pre- and post-implantation embryo development in the human.
WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Based on the current calcium oscillatory pattern analysis, we found that the product of calcium spike amplitude with its frequency allowed us to create a new threshold value, which can assist in confirming or refuting, on a single patient base, a sperm-borne activation deficiency. The latter is especially interesting for patients with a former intermediate inconclusive MOAT result (MOAT group 2 patients), for whom calcium oscillatory pattern analysis should be considered.},
  author       = {Vanden Meerschaut, Frauke and Leybaert, Luc and Nikiforaki, Dimitra and Qian, Chen and Heindryckx, Björn and De Sutter, Petra},
  issn         = {0268-1161},
  journal      = {HUMAN REPRODUCTION},
  keywords     = {failed fertilization,ICSI,mouse oocyte activation test,calcium signalling,oocyte activation,INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION,PHOSPHOLIPASE-C-ZETA,ASSISTED OOCYTE ACTIVATION,HUMAN SPERMATOZOA,CA2+ OSCILLATIONS,EGG ACTIVATION,NORMOZOOSPERMIC PATIENT,FAILED FERTILIZATION,SUCCESSFUL PREGNANCY,EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {87--98},
  title        = {Diagnostic and prognostic value of calcium oscillatory pattern analysis for patients with ICSI fertilization failure},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/des368},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2013},
}

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