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Gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability and depressive symptoms in adolescence

Katrijn Brenning (UGent) , Guy Bosmans (UGent) , Caroline Braet (UGent) and Lotte Theuwis
(2012) BEHAVIOUR CHANGE. 29(3). p.164-182
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Abstract
This study aims to investigate whether gender differences in the prevalence of depressive symptoms, with girls reporting more depressive symptoms than boys, are related to gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability. A cross-sectional study investigating adolescents from both clinical (N = 110) and non-clinical samples (N = 118) was conducted, using the Young Schema Questionnaire – Short Form (YSQ-SF) as a measure of cognitive schema vulnerability. Results show that adolescent girls tend to score higher on several maladaptive cognitive schemas, and that these schemas tend to be more highly correlated with depressive symptoms compared to adolescent boys. Further, cognitive schema vulnerability mediated the relationship between life-stress and depressive symptoms in girls but not in boys.
Keywords
HOPELESSNESS THEORY, CORE BELIEFS, adolescence, cognitive schema vulnerability, gender differences, depressive symptoms, ATTACHMENT, POPULATION, MECHANISMS, QUESTIONNAIRE, DIATHESIS-STRESS, CHILDREN, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, MEDIATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Brenning, Katrijn, Guy Bosmans, Caroline Braet, and Lotte Theuwis. 2012. “Gender Differences in Cognitive Schema Vulnerability and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence.” Behaviour Change 29 (3): 164–182.
APA
Brenning, K., Bosmans, G., Braet, C., & Theuwis, L. (2012). Gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability and depressive symptoms in adolescence. BEHAVIOUR CHANGE, 29(3), 164–182.
Vancouver
1.
Brenning K, Bosmans G, Braet C, Theuwis L. Gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability and depressive symptoms in adolescence. BEHAVIOUR CHANGE. 2012;29(3):164–82.
MLA
Brenning, Katrijn, Guy Bosmans, Caroline Braet, et al. “Gender Differences in Cognitive Schema Vulnerability and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence.” BEHAVIOUR CHANGE 29.3 (2012): 164–182. Print.
@article{3149017,
  abstract     = {This study aims to investigate whether gender differences in the prevalence of depressive symptoms, with girls reporting more depressive symptoms than boys, are related to gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability. A cross-sectional study investigating adolescents from both clinical (N = 110) and non-clinical samples (N = 118) was conducted, using the Young Schema Questionnaire -- Short Form (YSQ-SF) as a measure of cognitive schema vulnerability. Results show that adolescent girls tend to score higher on several maladaptive cognitive schemas, and that these schemas tend to be more highly correlated with depressive symptoms compared to adolescent boys. Further, cognitive schema vulnerability mediated the relationship between life-stress and depressive symptoms in girls but not in boys.},
  author       = {Brenning, Katrijn and Bosmans, Guy and Braet, Caroline and Theuwis, Lotte},
  issn         = {0813-4839},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOUR CHANGE},
  keyword      = {HOPELESSNESS THEORY,CORE BELIEFS,adolescence,cognitive schema vulnerability,gender differences,depressive symptoms,ATTACHMENT,POPULATION,MECHANISMS,QUESTIONNAIRE,DIATHESIS-STRESS,CHILDREN,PSYCHOPATHOLOGY,MEDIATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {164--182},
  title        = {Gender differences in cognitive schema vulnerability and depressive symptoms in adolescence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/bec.2012.15},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2012},
}

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