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'Trust is not something you can reclaim easily': patenting in the field of direct-to-consumer genetic testing

Sigrid Sterckx UGent, Julian Cockbain, Heidi Howard, Isabelle Huys and Pascal Borry (2013) GENETICS IN MEDICINE. 15(5). p.382-387
abstract
Purpose: Recently, 23andMe announced that it had obtained its first patent, related to "polymorphisms associated with Parkinson's disease" (US-B-8187811). This announcement immediately sparked controversy in the community of 23andMe users and research participants, especially with regard to issues of transparency and trust. The purpose of this article was to analyze the patent portfolio of this prominent direct-to-consumer genetic testing company and discuss the potential ethical implications of patenting in this field for public participation in Web-based genetic research. Methods: We searched the publicly accessible patent database Espacenet as well as the commercially available database Micropatent for published patents and patent applications of 23andMe. Results: Six patent families were identified for 23andMe. These included patent applications related to: genetic comparisons between grandparents and grandchildren, family inheritance, genome sharing, processing data from genotyping chips, gamete donor selection based on genetic calculations, finding relatives in a database, and polymorphisms associated with Parkinson disease. Conclusion: An important lesson to be drawn from this ongoing controversy seems to be that any (private or public) organization involved in research that relies on human participation, whether by providing information, body material, or both, needs to be transparent, not only about its research goals but also about its strategies and policies regarding commercialization.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PARTICIPANTS, GENOMICS, direct-to-consumer, ethics, genetic testing, patenting
journal title
GENETICS IN MEDICINE
Genet. Med.
volume
15
issue
5
pages
382 - 387
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000318888600010
JCR category
GENETICS & HEREDITY
JCR impact factor
6.435 (2013)
JCR rank
17/165 (2013)
JCR quartile
1 (2013)
ISSN
1098-3600
DOI
10.1038/gim.2012.143
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3143055
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3143055
date created
2013-02-25 23:36:35
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:58
@article{3143055,
  abstract     = {Purpose: Recently, 23andMe announced that it had obtained its first patent, related to {\textacutedbl}polymorphisms associated with Parkinson's disease{\textacutedbl} (US-B-8187811). This announcement immediately sparked controversy in the community of 23andMe users and research participants, especially with regard to issues of transparency and trust. The purpose of this article was to analyze the patent portfolio of this prominent direct-to-consumer genetic testing company and discuss the potential ethical implications of patenting in this field for public participation in Web-based genetic research.
Methods: We searched the publicly accessible patent database Espacenet as well as the commercially available database Micropatent for published patents and patent applications of 23andMe.
Results: Six patent families were identified for 23andMe. These included patent applications related to: genetic comparisons between grandparents and grandchildren, family inheritance, genome sharing, processing data from genotyping chips, gamete donor selection based on genetic calculations, finding relatives in a database, and polymorphisms associated with Parkinson disease.
Conclusion: An important lesson to be drawn from this ongoing controversy seems to be that any (private or public) organization involved in research that relies on human participation, whether by providing information, body material, or both, needs to be transparent, not only about its research goals but also about its strategies and policies regarding commercialization.},
  author       = {Sterckx, Sigrid and Cockbain, Julian and Howard, Heidi and Huys, Isabelle and Borry, Pascal},
  issn         = {1098-3600},
  journal      = {GENETICS IN MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {PARTICIPANTS,GENOMICS,direct-to-consumer,ethics,genetic testing,patenting},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {382--387},
  title        = {'Trust is not something you can reclaim easily': patenting in the field of direct-to-consumer genetic testing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/gim.2012.143},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Sterckx, Sigrid, Julian Cockbain, Heidi Howard, Isabelle Huys, and Pascal Borry. 2013. “‘Trust Is Not Something You Can Reclaim Easily’: Patenting in the Field of Direct-to-consumer Genetic Testing.” Genetics in Medicine 15 (5): 382–387.
APA
Sterckx, S., Cockbain, J., Howard, H., Huys, I., & Borry, P. (2013). “Trust is not something you can reclaim easily”: patenting in the field of direct-to-consumer genetic testing. GENETICS IN MEDICINE, 15(5), 382–387.
Vancouver
1.
Sterckx S, Cockbain J, Howard H, Huys I, Borry P. “Trust is not something you can reclaim easily”: patenting in the field of direct-to-consumer genetic testing. GENETICS IN MEDICINE. 2013;15(5):382–7.
MLA
Sterckx, Sigrid, Julian Cockbain, Heidi Howard, et al. “‘Trust Is Not Something You Can Reclaim Easily’: Patenting in the Field of Direct-to-consumer Genetic Testing.” GENETICS IN MEDICINE 15.5 (2013): 382–387. Print.