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Coercion, incarceration and chemical castration: an argument from autonomy

(2013) JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY. 10(3). p.393-405
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Abstract
In several jurisdictions, sex offenders may be offered chemical castration as an alternative to further incarceration. In some, agreement to chemical castration may be made a formal condition of parole or release. In others, refusal to undergo chemical castration can increase the likelihood of further incarceration though no formal link is made between the two. Offering chemical castration as an alternative to further incarceration is often said to be partially coercive, thus rendering the offender’s consent invalid. The dominant response to this objection has been to argue that any coercion present is compatible with valid consent. In this article, we take a different tack, arguing that, even if consent would not be valid, offering chemical castration will often be supported by the very considerations that underpin concerns about consent: considerations of autonomy. This is because offering chemical castration will often increase the offender’s autonomy, both at the time the offer is made, and in the future.
Keywords
BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT, SEX OFFENDERS, Authenticity, Autonomy, Coercion, Incarceration, PRISONERS, Castration (chemical), RECIDIVISM, PUNISHMENT, PHARMACOTHERAPY, FOLLOW-UP, PARAPHILIAS, CYPROTERONE-ACETATE, PERCEIVED COERCION

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Citation

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Chicago
Douglas, Thomas, Pieter Bonte, Farah Focquaert, Katrien Devolder, and Sigrid Sterckx. 2013. “Coercion, Incarceration and Chemical Castration: An Argument from Autonomy.” Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3): 393–405.
APA
Douglas, Thomas, Bonte, P., Focquaert, F., Devolder, K., & Sterckx, S. (2013). Coercion, incarceration and chemical castration: an argument from autonomy. JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY, 10(3), 393–405.
Vancouver
1.
Douglas T, Bonte P, Focquaert F, Devolder K, Sterckx S. Coercion, incarceration and chemical castration: an argument from autonomy. JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY. Springer; 2013;10(3):393–405.
MLA
Douglas, Thomas, Pieter Bonte, Farah Focquaert, et al. “Coercion, Incarceration and Chemical Castration: An Argument from Autonomy.” JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY 10.3 (2013): 393–405. Print.
@article{3142855,
  abstract     = {In several jurisdictions, sex offenders may be offered chemical castration as an alternative to further incarceration. In some, agreement to chemical castration may be made a formal condition of parole or release. In others, refusal to undergo chemical castration can increase the likelihood of further incarceration though no formal link is made between the two. Offering chemical castration as an alternative to further incarceration is often said to be partially coercive, thus rendering the offender’s consent invalid. The dominant response to this objection has been to argue that any coercion present is compatible with valid consent. In this article, we take a different tack, arguing that, even if consent would not be valid, offering chemical castration will often be supported by the very considerations that underpin concerns about consent: considerations of autonomy. This is because offering chemical castration will often increase the offender’s autonomy, both at the time the offer is made, and in the future.},
  author       = {Douglas, Thomas and Bonte, Pieter and Focquaert, Farah and Devolder, Katrien and Sterckx, Sigrid},
  issn         = {1872-4353},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY},
  keywords     = {BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT,SEX OFFENDERS,Authenticity,Autonomy,Coercion,Incarceration,PRISONERS,Castration (chemical),RECIDIVISM,PUNISHMENT,PHARMACOTHERAPY,FOLLOW-UP,PARAPHILIAS,CYPROTERONE-ACETATE,PERCEIVED COERCION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {393--405},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Coercion, incarceration and chemical castration: an argument from autonomy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11673-013-9465-4},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2013},
}

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