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Ordering the mid-size city: Ghent photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921)

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Abstract
This paper reflects on the spatial and social transformation of the city of Ghent, taking the work of city photographer Edmond Sacré (1851-1921) as a starting point. Especially the 1913 world exhibition held in Ghent went hand in hand with a revived interest in the city. The accommodation of the city to modern needs was an important issue at the first international town planning congress and exhibition hosted by the Union Internationale des Villes at the exhibition. Furthermore, parts of the exhibition and the city itself acted as a testing ground for ideas on the redesign of the historic centre. The opening of the exhibition coincided with the apotheosis of the transformation of the city initiated in the nineteenth century. This transformation prepared Ghent for the commercial development and the traffic flows of the twentieth century, while reframing the historic monuments. On the exhibition grounds the historic city was celebrated in Old Flanders, an assemblage of medieval buildings from the major Flemish cities. The paper focuses on the spatial ordering and encoding of both urban space and its inhabitants, based on the notions of appearential and spatial order developed by sociologist Lyn Lofland in her book A world of strangers. Order and action in urban public space (Basic Books, 1973). Lofland detects a shift from an appearential order – an ordering of society based on appearance - in the preindustrial city to a spatial order in the modern city. I argue that Ghent is not characterized by the overwhelming mix of the metropolis, nor by the hustle and bustle of the medieval city it refers to in its imagery, but that it is a carefully composed space where everybody knows his or her place. In Ghent and in many other mid-size cities, the citizen can move between what Lofland describes as the parochial tribalist and the sophisticated cosmopolitan, which is today the success factor of the city for tourism and as a living environment.
Keywords
Mid-size city, Ghent, urban photography

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MLA
Notteboom, Bruno. “Ordering the Mid-size City: Ghent Photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921).” Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts. 2012. 29–29. Print.
APA
Notteboom, B. (2012). Ordering the mid-size city: Ghent photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921). Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts (pp. 29–29). Presented at the Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century.
Chicago author-date
Notteboom, Bruno. 2012. “Ordering the Mid-size City: Ghent Photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921).” In Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts, 29–29.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Notteboom, Bruno. 2012. “Ordering the Mid-size City: Ghent Photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921).” In Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts, 29–29.
Vancouver
1.
Notteboom B. Ordering the mid-size city: Ghent photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921). Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts. 2012. p. 29–29.
IEEE
[1]
B. Notteboom, “Ordering the mid-size city: Ghent photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921),” in Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts, Ghent, Belgium, 2012, pp. 29–29.
@inproceedings{3140808,
  abstract     = {{This paper reflects on the spatial and social transformation of the city of Ghent, taking the work of city photographer Edmond Sacré (1851-1921) as a starting point. Especially the 1913 world exhibition held in Ghent went hand in hand with a revived interest in the city. The accommodation of the city to modern needs was an important issue at the first international town planning congress and exhibition hosted by the Union Internationale des Villes at the exhibition. Furthermore, parts of the exhibition and the city itself acted as a testing ground for ideas on the redesign of the historic centre. The opening of the exhibition coincided with the apotheosis of the transformation of the city initiated in the nineteenth century. This transformation prepared Ghent for the commercial development and the traffic flows of the twentieth century, while reframing the historic monuments. On the exhibition grounds the historic city was celebrated in Old Flanders, an assemblage of medieval buildings from the major Flemish cities. The paper focuses on the spatial ordering and encoding of both urban space and its inhabitants, based on the notions of appearential and spatial order developed by sociologist Lyn Lofland in her book A world of strangers. Order and action in urban public space (Basic Books, 1973). Lofland detects a shift from an appearential order – an ordering of society based on appearance - in the preindustrial city to a spatial order in the modern city. I argue that Ghent is not characterized by the overwhelming mix of the metropolis, nor by the hustle and bustle of the medieval city it refers to in its imagery, but that it is a carefully composed space where everybody knows his or her place. In Ghent and in many other mid-size cities, the citizen can move between what Lofland describes as the parochial tribalist and the sophisticated cosmopolitan, which is today the success factor of the city for tourism and as a living environment.}},
  author       = {{Notteboom, Bruno}},
  booktitle    = {{Mid-Size City : The Dual Nature of Urban Imagery in Europe During the Long 20th Century, Abstracts}},
  keywords     = {{Mid-size city,Ghent,urban photography}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Ghent, Belgium}},
  pages        = {{29--29}},
  title        = {{Ordering the mid-size city: Ghent photographed by Edmond Sacré (1851-1921)}},
  year         = {{2012}},
}