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Grammaticalization and subjectification in the semantic domain of possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62)

Koen Bostoen UGent, Ferdinand Mberamihigo and Gilles-Maurice de Schryver UGent (2012) AFRICANA LINGUISTICA. 18. p.5-40
abstract
This article is a first systematic study of the expression of possibility in Kirundi, more specifically of its verbal markers. Possibility is traditionally seen as one of the core components of the semantic domain of modality. The onomasiological approach of this modal sub‑domain has resulted in the identification of four verbal potential markers, i.e., the auxiliaries ‑bâsh‑ and ‑shóbor‑, the semi‑auxiliary ‑shóbok‑, and the TAM affix ‑oo‑. These four markers of possibility manifest different degrees of grammaticalization along the full verb > auxiliary > affix cline. Grammaticalization in the structural domain seems to be correlated with semantic change, both within and beyond the semantic domain of possibility. The related verbs ‑shóbor‑ and ‑shóbok‑, which have no or little remaining lexical uses, cover the entire semantic domain of possibility in contrast to ‑bâsh‑ which has still clearly distinct lexical uses (‘to be active, to be healthy’) and only conveys participant‑inherent possibility. The inflectional affix ‑oo‑, covering the entire domain of possibility and having developed other modal and non‑modal meanings, manifests the most advanced semantic generalization. Moreover, ‑oo‑ underwent the strongest subjectification within the semantic domain of possibility and even developed different intersubjective uses. Hence, the most grammaticalized marker of possibility in Kirundi not only underwent the strongest semantic generalization, but its meaning is also the most (inter)subjectified.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
distributional corpus analysis, subjectification, possibility, grammaticalization, modality, Bantu, Kirundi
journal title
AFRICANA LINGUISTICA
Afr. Linguist.
volume
18
pages
5 - 40
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000313930900001
JCR category
LINGUISTICS
JCR impact factor
1.2 (2012)
JCR rank
25/158 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0065-4124
project
KONGOKING (Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom.)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3138351
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3138351
date created
2013-02-21 13:14:13
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:45
@article{3138351,
  abstract     = {This article is a first systematic study of the expression of possibility in Kirundi, more specifically of its verbal markers. Possibility is traditionally seen as one of the core components of the semantic domain of modality. The onomasiological approach of this modal sub\unmatched{2011}domain has resulted in the identification of four verbal potential markers, i.e., the auxiliaries \unmatched{2011}b{\^a}sh\unmatched{2011} and \unmatched{2011}sh{\'o}bor\unmatched{2011}, the semi\unmatched{2011}auxiliary \unmatched{2011}sh{\'o}bok\unmatched{2011}, and the TAM affix \unmatched{2011}oo\unmatched{2011}. These four markers of possibility manifest different degrees of grammaticalization along the full verb {\textrangle} auxiliary {\textrangle} affix cline. Grammaticalization in the structural domain seems to be correlated with semantic change, both within and beyond the semantic domain of possibility. The related verbs \unmatched{2011}sh{\'o}bor\unmatched{2011} and \unmatched{2011}sh{\'o}bok\unmatched{2011}, which have no or little remaining lexical uses, cover the entire semantic domain of possibility in contrast to \unmatched{2011}b{\^a}sh\unmatched{2011} which has still clearly distinct lexical uses ({\textquoteleft}to be active, to be healthy{\textquoteright}) and only conveys participant\unmatched{2011}inherent possibility. The inflectional affix \unmatched{2011}oo\unmatched{2011}, covering the entire domain of possibility and having developed other modal and non\unmatched{2011}modal meanings, manifests the most advanced semantic generalization. Moreover, \unmatched{2011}oo\unmatched{2011} underwent the strongest subjectification within the semantic domain of possibility and even developed different intersubjective uses. Hence, the most grammaticalized marker of possibility in Kirundi not only underwent the strongest semantic generalization, but its meaning is also the most (inter)subjectified.},
  author       = {Bostoen, Koen and Mberamihigo, Ferdinand and de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice},
  issn         = {0065-4124},
  journal      = {AFRICANA LINGUISTICA},
  keyword      = {distributional corpus analysis,subjectification,possibility,grammaticalization,modality,Bantu,Kirundi},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {5--40},
  title        = {Grammaticalization and subjectification in the semantic domain of possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62)},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Bostoen, Koen, Ferdinand Mberamihigo, and Gilles-Maurice de Schryver. 2012. “Grammaticalization and Subjectification in the Semantic Domain of Possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62).” Africana Linguistica 18: 5–40.
APA
Bostoen, K., Mberamihigo, F., & de Schryver, G.-M. (2012). Grammaticalization and subjectification in the semantic domain of possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62). AFRICANA LINGUISTICA, 18, 5–40.
Vancouver
1.
Bostoen K, Mberamihigo F, de Schryver G-M. Grammaticalization and subjectification in the semantic domain of possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62). AFRICANA LINGUISTICA. 2012;18:5–40.
MLA
Bostoen, Koen, Ferdinand Mberamihigo, and Gilles-Maurice de Schryver. “Grammaticalization and Subjectification in the Semantic Domain of Possibility in Kirundi (Bantu, JD62).” AFRICANA LINGUISTICA 18 (2012): 5–40. Print.