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Photogrammetric restitution of a presumed ancient Asclepius temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece

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Abstract
Close range photogrammetry is a useful tool for the documentation and registration of archaeological sites. In this case, photogrammetric restitution is applied to a presumed Esclepion Classical temple site in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece. The archaeological remains that are recorded and processed in this stage are small fragments of walls, made out of irregular shaped stones. The fragmentary remains and the need to record both the facades of the stones as well as the upper surfaces, complicate the photogrammetric recording and processing workflow. The use of 3D documentation is important for the documentation, conservation and possible further excavation of the site. Stereographic pictures in combination with terrestrial topographic measurements are processed in the photogrammetric software VirtuoZoTM. The stereo photographs were taken by a non-metric high resolution digital single lens reflex camera with a minimum overlap of 65 percent. Targets placed on the remains of the walls were measured by total station to obtain ground control points for the orientation of each 3D stereo model in an absolute coordinate system (HGRS87). The photogrammetric processing of the stereo models results in very accurate digital elevation models and orthophotos of the walls. Further combining of these final products and merging these products in a CAD software leads to a 3D presentation of the archaeological excavation, which can be further used to evolve this archaeological site.
Keywords
digital elevation model, orthophoto, Close range photogrammetry, archaeology

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MLA
Vandendriessche, Barbara, Christiane Tytgat, Alain De Wulf, et al. “Photogrammetric Restitution of a Presumed Ancient Asclepius Temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece.” Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL Workshop, Abstracts. 2012. 83–84. Print.
APA
Vandendriessche, Barbara, Tytgat, C., De Wulf, A., Nuttens, T., Van Damme, D., & Goossens, R. (2012). Photogrammetric restitution of a presumed ancient Asclepius temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece. Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL workshop, Abstracts (pp. 83–84). Presented at the 3rd International EARSeL workshop on the Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management.
Chicago author-date
Vandendriessche, Barbara, Christiane Tytgat, Alain De Wulf, Timothy Nuttens, Daniël Van Damme, and Rudi Goossens. 2012. “Photogrammetric Restitution of a Presumed Ancient Asclepius Temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece.” In Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL Workshop, Abstracts, 83–84.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vandendriessche, Barbara, Christiane Tytgat, Alain De Wulf, Timothy Nuttens, Daniël Van Damme, and Rudi Goossens. 2012. “Photogrammetric Restitution of a Presumed Ancient Asclepius Temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece.” In Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL Workshop, Abstracts, 83–84.
Vancouver
1.
Vandendriessche B, Tytgat C, De Wulf A, Nuttens T, Van Damme D, Goossens R. Photogrammetric restitution of a presumed ancient Asclepius temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece. Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL workshop, Abstracts. 2012. p. 83–4.
IEEE
[1]
B. Vandendriessche, C. Tytgat, A. De Wulf, T. Nuttens, D. Van Damme, and R. Goossens, “Photogrammetric restitution of a presumed ancient Asclepius temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece,” in Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL workshop, Abstracts, Ghent, Belgium, 2012, pp. 83–84.
@inproceedings{3134428,
  abstract     = {Close range photogrammetry is a useful tool for the documentation and registration of archaeological sites. In this case, photogrammetric restitution is applied to a presumed Esclepion Classical temple site in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece.  The archaeological remains that are recorded and processed in this stage are small fragments of walls, made out of irregular shaped stones. The fragmentary remains and the need to record both the facades of the stones as well as the upper surfaces, complicate the photogrammetric recording and processing workflow.
The use of 3D documentation is important for the documentation, conservation and possible further excavation of the site. Stereographic pictures in combination with terrestrial topographic measurements are processed in the photogrammetric software VirtuoZoTM. The stereo photographs were taken by a non-metric high resolution digital single lens reflex camera with a minimum overlap of 65 percent. Targets placed on the remains of the walls were measured by total station to obtain ground control points for the orientation of each 3D stereo model in an absolute coordinate system (HGRS87).  The photogrammetric processing of the stereo models results in very accurate digital elevation models and orthophotos of the walls. Further combining of these final products and merging these products in a CAD software leads to a 3D presentation of the archaeological excavation, which can be further used to evolve this archaeological site.},
  author       = {Vandendriessche, Barbara and Tytgat, Christiane and De Wulf, Alain and Nuttens, Timothy and Van Damme, Daniël and Goossens, Rudi},
  booktitle    = {Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management, 3rd International EARSeL workshop, Abstracts},
  keywords     = {digital elevation model,orthophoto,Close range photogrammetry,archaeology},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  pages        = {83--84},
  title        = {Photogrammetric restitution of a presumed ancient Asclepius temple in Titani, Peloponnesos, Greece},
  year         = {2012},
}