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The impact of societal vulnerability and violent values on self-control in a Belgium sample of youth : a gender comparison

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Abstract
The present study contributes to the study of self-control among adolescents by testing how self-control is affected by societal vulnerability and violent values and by investigating how (in) variant this relationship is for boys and girls. The Belgian International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-2) data were used to assess to what extent positive attitudes toward violence can be seen as mediators in the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control. The findings suggest that violent values mediate the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control. Despite results indicating higher self-control among females, when conducting the analyses separately by gender, we found that the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control was very similar for boys and girls. It is concluded that societally vulnerable boys and girls are equally affected by the intermediate mechanism of violent values.
Keywords
self-control, societal vulnerability, violent values, gender socialization, ISRD-2, GENERAL-THEORY, CRIME, GOTTFREDSON, VICTIMIZATION, ADOLESCENCE, MORALITY, MATTER, MODEL, BOYS, SEX

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MLA
Gavray, Claire et al. “The Impact of Societal Vulnerability and Violent Values on Self-control in a Belgium Sample of Youth : a Gender Comparison.” JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE 29.1 (2013): 13–31. Print.
APA
Gavray, C., Vettenburg, N., Pauwels, L., & Brondeel, R. (2013). The impact of societal vulnerability and violent values on self-control in a Belgium sample of youth : a gender comparison. JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 29(1), 13–31.
Chicago author-date
Gavray, Claire, Nicole Vettenburg, Lieven Pauwels, and Ruben Brondeel. 2013. “The Impact of Societal Vulnerability and Violent Values on Self-control in a Belgium Sample of Youth : a Gender Comparison.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 29 (1): 13–31.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gavray, Claire, Nicole Vettenburg, Lieven Pauwels, and Ruben Brondeel. 2013. “The Impact of Societal Vulnerability and Violent Values on Self-control in a Belgium Sample of Youth : a Gender Comparison.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 29 (1): 13–31.
Vancouver
1.
Gavray C, Vettenburg N, Pauwels L, Brondeel R. The impact of societal vulnerability and violent values on self-control in a Belgium sample of youth : a gender comparison. JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE. 2013;29(1):13–31.
IEEE
[1]
C. Gavray, N. Vettenburg, L. Pauwels, and R. Brondeel, “The impact of societal vulnerability and violent values on self-control in a Belgium sample of youth : a gender comparison,” JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 13–31, 2013.
@article{3133176,
  abstract     = {The present study contributes to the study of self-control among adolescents by testing how self-control is affected by societal vulnerability and violent values and by investigating how (in) variant this relationship is for boys and girls. The Belgian International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-2) data were used to assess to what extent positive attitudes toward violence can be seen as mediators in the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control. The findings suggest that violent values mediate the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control. Despite results indicating higher self-control among females, when conducting the analyses separately by gender, we found that the relationship between societal vulnerability and self-control was very similar for boys and girls. It is concluded that societally vulnerable boys and girls are equally affected by the intermediate mechanism of violent values.},
  author       = {Gavray, Claire and Vettenburg, Nicole and Pauwels, Lieven and Brondeel, Ruben},
  issn         = {1043-9862},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE},
  keywords     = {self-control,societal vulnerability,violent values,gender socialization,ISRD-2,GENERAL-THEORY,CRIME,GOTTFREDSON,VICTIMIZATION,ADOLESCENCE,MORALITY,MATTER,MODEL,BOYS,SEX},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {13--31},
  title        = {The impact of societal vulnerability and violent values on self-control in a Belgium sample of youth : a gender comparison},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1043986212471178},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2013},
}

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