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Compass toponymy and space orientation in the Southern Low Countries before 1800

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Abstract
Generally the so-called compass toponyms (meaning toponyms with one of the four wind directions as a component) are discussed shortly and rather trivially. However, it seems that the use of these compass toponyms was variable from region to region and changed through the times. Until now, this phenomenon was neither mapped nor explained. For this paper, we focus on compas toponyms in the Dutch speaking parts of the Southern Low Countries prior to 1800. We collected data from some extensive corpuses and gazetteers including thousands and thousands historic micro-toponyms in these regions. These data are mapped by means of the so-called Kloeke-system in order to gain insight in their spatial distribution over the centuries. These maps allow us to draw an imaginary line between the regions where compass toponyms were commonly and daily used and the regions where they were more or less absent. In the second part of our paper, we endeavour to find a historical explanation for the distribution pattern and its evolution through the times. It is possible that the use of these toponyms was influenced by administrative traditions, but it seems that advances in navigation methods and the introduction of cartography also have played a role.

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Chicago
Ramandt, Andy, and Bram Vannieuwenhuyze. 2014. “Compass Toponymy and Space Orientation in the Southern Low Countries Before 1800.” In XXIV Congrés Internacional d’ICOS Sobre Ciències Onomàstiques, Abstracts.
APA
Ramandt, A., & Vannieuwenhuyze, B. (2014). Compass toponymy and space orientation in the Southern Low Countries before 1800. XXIV Congrés Internacional d’ICOS sobre Ciències Onomàstiques, Abstracts. Presented at the XXIV Congrés Internacional d’ICOS sobre Ciències Onomàstiques.
Vancouver
1.
Ramandt A, Vannieuwenhuyze B. Compass toponymy and space orientation in the Southern Low Countries before 1800. XXIV Congrés Internacional d’ICOS sobre Ciències Onomàstiques, Abstracts. 2014.
MLA
Ramandt, Andy, and Bram Vannieuwenhuyze. “Compass Toponymy and Space Orientation in the Southern Low Countries Before 1800.” XXIV Congrés Internacional d’ICOS Sobre Ciències Onomàstiques, Abstracts. 2014. Print.
@inproceedings{3130733,
  abstract     = {Generally the so-called compass toponyms (meaning toponyms with one of the four wind directions as a component) are discussed shortly and rather trivially. However, it seems that the use of these compass toponyms was variable from region to region and changed through the times. Until now, this phenomenon was neither mapped nor explained. For this paper, we focus on compas toponyms in the Dutch speaking parts of the Southern Low Countries prior to 1800. We collected data from some extensive corpuses and gazetteers including thousands and thousands historic micro-toponyms in these regions. These data are mapped by means of the so-called Kloeke-system in order to gain insight in their spatial distribution over the centuries. These maps allow us to draw an imaginary line between the regions where compass toponyms were commonly and daily used and the regions where they were more or less absent. In the second part of our paper, we endeavour to find a historical explanation for the distribution pattern and its evolution through the times. It is possible that the use of these toponyms was influenced by administrative traditions, but it seems that advances in navigation methods and the introduction of cartography also have played a role.},
  author       = {Ramandt, Andy and Vannieuwenhuyze, Bram},
  booktitle    = {XXIV Congrés Internacional d'ICOS sobre Ciències Onomàstiques, Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Barcelona, Spain},
  title        = {Compass toponymy and space orientation in the Southern Low Countries before 1800},
  year         = {2014},
}