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Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women

(2012) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY. 176(12). p.1078-1089
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Abstract
Unfavorable work characteristics, such as low job control and too high or too low job demands, have been suggested to increase the likelihood of physical inactivity during leisure time, but this has not been verified in large-scale studies. The authors combined individual-level data from 14 European cohort studies (baseline years from 19851988 to 20062008) to examine the association between unfavorable work characteristics and leisure-time physical inactivity in a total of 170,162 employees (50 women; mean age, 43.5 years). Of these employees, 56,735 were reexamined after 29 years. In cross-sectional analyses, the odds for physical inactivity were 26 higher (odds ratio 1.26, 95 confidence interval: 1.15, 1.38) for employees with high-strain jobs (low control/high demands) and 21 higher (odds ratio 1.21, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.31) for those with passive jobs (low control/low demands) compared with employees in low-strain jobs (high control/low demands). In prospective analyses restricted to physically active participants, the odds of becoming physically inactive during follow-up were 21 and 20 higher for those with high-strain (odds ratio 1.21, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.32) and passive (odds ratio 1.20, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.30) jobs at baseline. These data suggest that unfavorable work characteristics may have a spillover effect on leisure-time physical activity.
Keywords
physical activity, exercise, cohort studies, CANCER-RISK, PATIENT DATA, WHITEHALL-II, PUBLIC-SECTOR, COHORT PROFILE, WORKING-CONDITIONS, BASE-LINE, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, BODY-MASS INDEX, HEALTH BEHAVIORS, psychosocial factors, working population

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Chicago
Fransson, Eleonor I, Katriina Heikkila, Solja T Nyberg, Marie Zins, Hugo Westerlund, Peter Westerholm, Ari Väänänen, et al. 2012. “Job Strain as a Risk Factor for Leisure-time Physical Inactivity: An Individual-participant Meta-analysis of up to 170,000 Men and Women.” American Journal of Epidemiology 176 (12): 1078–1089.
APA
Fransson, E. I., Heikkila, K., Nyberg, S. T., Zins, M., Westerlund, H., Westerholm, P., Väänänen, A., et al. (2012). Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 176(12), 1078–1089.
Vancouver
1.
Fransson EI, Heikkila K, Nyberg ST, Zins M, Westerlund H, Westerholm P, et al. Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY. 2012;176(12):1078–89.
MLA
Fransson, Eleonor I, Katriina Heikkila, Solja T Nyberg, et al. “Job Strain as a Risk Factor for Leisure-time Physical Inactivity: An Individual-participant Meta-analysis of up to 170,000 Men and Women.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 176.12 (2012): 1078–1089. Print.
@article{3121659,
  abstract     = {Unfavorable work characteristics, such as low job control and too high or too low job demands, have been suggested to increase the likelihood of physical inactivity during leisure time, but this has not been verified in large-scale studies. The authors combined individual-level data from 14 European cohort studies (baseline years from 19851988 to 20062008) to examine the association between unfavorable work characteristics and leisure-time physical inactivity in a total of 170,162 employees (50 women; mean age, 43.5 years). Of these employees, 56,735 were reexamined after 29 years. In cross-sectional analyses, the odds for physical inactivity were 26 higher (odds ratio 1.26, 95 confidence interval: 1.15, 1.38) for employees with high-strain jobs (low control/high demands) and 21 higher (odds ratio 1.21, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.31) for those with passive jobs (low control/low demands) compared with employees in low-strain jobs (high control/low demands). In prospective analyses restricted to physically active participants, the odds of becoming physically inactive during follow-up were 21 and 20 higher for those with high-strain (odds ratio 1.21, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.32) and passive (odds ratio 1.20, 95 confidence interval: 1.11, 1.30) jobs at baseline. These data suggest that unfavorable work characteristics may have a spillover effect on leisure-time physical activity.},
  author       = {Fransson, Eleonor I and Heikkila, Katriina and Nyberg, Solja T and Zins, Marie and Westerlund, Hugo and Westerholm, Peter and V{\"a}{\"a}n{\"a}nen, Ari and Virtanen, Marianna and Vahtera, Jussi and Theorell, T{\"o}res and Suominen, Sakari and Singh-Manoux, Archana and Siegrist, Johannes and Sabia, S{\'e}verine and Rugulies, Reiner and Pentti, Jaana and Oksanen, Tuula and Nordin, Maria and Nielsen, Martin L and Marmot, Michael G and Hanson, LInda L Magnusson and Madsen, Idat EH and Lunau, Thorsten and Leineweber, Constanze and Kumari, Meena and Kouvonen, Anne and Koskinen, Aki and Koskenvuo, Markku and Knutsson, Anders and Kittel, France and J{\"o}ckel, Karl-Heinze and Joensuu, Matti and Houtman, Irene L and Hooftman, Wendela E and Goldberg, Marcel and Geuskens, Goedele A and Ferrie, Jane E and Erbel, Raimund and Dragano, Nico and De Bacquer, Dirk and Clays, Els and Casini, Annalisa and Burr, Hermann and Borritz, Marianne and Bonenfant, S{\'e}bastien and Bjorner, Jakob B and Alfredsson, Lars and Hamer, Mark and Batty, G David and Kivim{\"a}ki, Mika},
  issn         = {0002-9262},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1078--1089},
  title        = {Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kws336},
  volume       = {176},
  year         = {2012},
}

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