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Soil quality under different farming systems in Santa Clara, Cuba

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Project
Subproject 5 "Improving the Quality of Graduate and Postgraduate Education and Research Programs in Plant and Animal Sciences" of the IUC program VLIR-UCLV
Abstract
In Cuba there is a strong differentiation in types of farming systems that operate at very different levels of management intensity. The aim of this research was to characterize differences in soil quality caused by different agricultural management systems and the effects of seasonality on soil chemical and biological indicators within representative farming systems in Santa Clara municipality, Villa Clara Province, Cuba. Two state farms, two cooperative farms, and three private farms, all located on brown calcareous soils, which differed in soil management and technological complexity were selected. Soil samples from two fields of each farm were collected to a depth of 20 cm. Laboratory analysis were performed to determine physical (aggregate stability, plasticity, and permeability), chemical (pH and organic matter), and biological (dehydrogenase and -glucosidase activities) indicators of soil quality. We found significant differences in soil quality among the three farming systems, which were most pronounced between private and state farms, with respect to physical soil properties (aggregate stability and plasticity) and the activity of enzymes. Seasonality also exerted an important influence on the activities of dehydrogenase and -glucosidase, which were greater in the rainy season. As a conclusion, we can say that the differences in soil management between the farming systems were reflected in consistent differences in soil quality indicators, notably between the state and private farms.
Keywords
Enzyme activities, farming systems, soil quality, soil physical properties, ENZYME-ACTIVITIES, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, INDICATORS, MANAGEMENT, INDONESIA, JAVA

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Ruiz Gonzalez, Yanetsy, Edith Aguila-Alcantara, Osvaldo Fernandez-Martinez, Bram Moeskops, David Buchan, Luc D’Haese, Marijke D’Haese, and Stefaan De Neve. 2013. “Soil Quality Under Different Farming Systems in Santa Clara, Cuba.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 44 (1-4): 195–204.
APA
Ruiz Gonzalez, Y., Aguila-Alcantara, E., Fernandez-Martinez, O., Moeskops, B., Buchan, D., D’Haese, L., D’Haese, M., et al. (2013). Soil quality under different farming systems in Santa Clara, Cuba. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, 44(1-4), 195–204.
Vancouver
1.
Ruiz Gonzalez Y, Aguila-Alcantara E, Fernandez-Martinez O, Moeskops B, Buchan D, D’Haese L, et al. Soil quality under different farming systems in Santa Clara, Cuba. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS. 2013;44(1-4):195–204.
MLA
Ruiz Gonzalez, Yanetsy, Edith Aguila-Alcantara, Osvaldo Fernandez-Martinez, et al. “Soil Quality Under Different Farming Systems in Santa Clara, Cuba.” COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS 44.1-4 (2013): 195–204. Print.
@article{3121405,
  abstract     = {In Cuba there is a strong differentiation in types of farming systems that operate at very different levels of management intensity. The aim of this research was to characterize differences in soil quality caused by different agricultural management systems and the effects of seasonality on soil chemical and biological indicators within representative farming systems in Santa Clara municipality, Villa Clara Province, Cuba. Two state farms, two cooperative farms, and three private farms, all located on brown calcareous soils, which differed in soil management and technological complexity were selected. Soil samples from two fields of each farm were collected to a depth of 20 cm. Laboratory analysis were performed to determine physical (aggregate stability, plasticity, and permeability), chemical (pH and organic matter), and biological (dehydrogenase and -glucosidase activities) indicators of soil quality. We found significant differences in soil quality among the three farming systems, which were most pronounced between private and state farms, with respect to physical soil properties (aggregate stability and plasticity) and the activity of enzymes. Seasonality also exerted an important influence on the activities of dehydrogenase and -glucosidase, which were greater in the rainy season. As a conclusion, we can say that the differences in soil management between the farming systems were reflected in consistent differences in soil quality indicators, notably between the state and private farms.},
  author       = {Ruiz Gonzalez, Yanetsy and Aguila-Alcantara, Edith and Fernandez-Martinez, Osvaldo and Moeskops, Bram and Buchan, David and D'Haese, Luc and D'Haese, Marijke and De Neve, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0010-3624},
  journal      = {COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS},
  keywords     = {Enzyme activities,farming systems,soil quality,soil physical properties,ENZYME-ACTIVITIES,ECOSYSTEM SERVICES,INDICATORS,MANAGEMENT,INDONESIA,JAVA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {195--204},
  title        = {Soil quality under different farming systems in Santa Clara, Cuba},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.736267},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2013},
}

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