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Imports as product and labour market discipline

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Abstract
This article tests the pro-competitive effect of trade in the product and labour markets of UK manufacturing sectors between 1988 and 2003 using a two-stage estimation procedure. In the first stage, we use data on 11,799 firms from 20 manufacturing sectors to simultaneously estimate mark-up and workers' bargaining power parameters according to sector, firm size and period. We find a significant drop in both the mark-up and the workers' bargaining power in the mid-1990s. In the second stage, we relate our parameters of interest to trade variables. Our results show that imports from developed countries have significantly contributed to the decrease in both mark-ups and workers' bargaining power.
Keywords
INTERNATIONAL-TRADE, FOREIGN COMPETITION, PRICE-COST MARGINS, UNION BARGAINING POWER, PROFITS, IMPERFECT COMPETITION, INDUSTRIES, UK COMPANIES, WAGE INEQUALITY, ESTIMATORS

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MLA
Boulhol, Hervé, Sabien Dobbelaere, and Sara Maioli. “Imports as Product and Labour Market Discipline.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 49.2 (2011): 331–361. Print.
APA
Boulhol, H., Dobbelaere, S., & Maioli, S. (2011). Imports as product and labour market discipline. BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, 49(2), 331–361.
Chicago author-date
Boulhol, Hervé, Sabien Dobbelaere, and Sara Maioli. 2011. “Imports as Product and Labour Market Discipline.” British Journal of Industrial Relations 49 (2): 331–361.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Boulhol, Hervé, Sabien Dobbelaere, and Sara Maioli. 2011. “Imports as Product and Labour Market Discipline.” British Journal of Industrial Relations 49 (2): 331–361.
Vancouver
1.
Boulhol H, Dobbelaere S, Maioli S. Imports as product and labour market discipline. BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS. 2011;49(2):331–61.
IEEE
[1]
H. Boulhol, S. Dobbelaere, and S. Maioli, “Imports as product and labour market discipline,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 331–361, 2011.
@article{3121045,
  abstract     = {This article tests the pro-competitive effect of trade in the product and labour markets of UK manufacturing sectors between 1988 and 2003 using a two-stage estimation procedure. In the first stage, we use data on 11,799 firms from 20 manufacturing sectors to simultaneously estimate mark-up and workers' bargaining power parameters according to sector, firm size and period. We find a significant drop in both the mark-up and the workers' bargaining power in the mid-1990s. In the second stage, we relate our parameters of interest to trade variables. Our results show that imports from developed countries have significantly contributed to the decrease in both mark-ups and workers' bargaining power.},
  author       = {Boulhol, Hervé and Dobbelaere, Sabien and Maioli, Sara},
  issn         = {0007-1080},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS},
  keywords     = {INTERNATIONAL-TRADE,FOREIGN COMPETITION,PRICE-COST MARGINS,UNION BARGAINING POWER,PROFITS,IMPERFECT COMPETITION,INDUSTRIES,UK COMPANIES,WAGE INEQUALITY,ESTIMATORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {331--361},
  title        = {Imports as product and labour market discipline},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8543.2009.00760.x},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2011},
}

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