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Objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity time across the lifespan: a cross-sectional study in four age groups

Heleen Spittaels UGent, Eveline Van Cauwenberghe UGent, Vera Verbestel, Femke De Meester, Delfien Van Dyck UGent, Maïté Verloigne UGent, Leen Haerens UGent, Benedicte Deforche UGent, Greet Cardon UGent and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent (2012) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 9.
abstract
Background: From a health perspective it is suggested to promote a positive balance between time spent in light intensity physical activity (LIPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) (i.e. spending more time in LIPA than time spent in SB). However, no studies have reported prevalence rates of the LIPA-SB balance yet. The aim of this study was to objectively investigate the time spent in SB, in LIPA and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) in four Belgian age groups and to explore which proportion of the population had a favorable balance between LIPA and SB and combined this with recommended amount of MVPA. Methods: Accelerometer data from 7 cross-sectional studies (N=2083) in four age groups (preschoolers, primary schoolchildren, secondary schoolchildren and adults) were aggregated. Differences in SB and PA between age groups and between men and women were determined by two-way MANCOVA. LIPA-SB balance was calculated and participants were categorized into one of four groups: (1) positive LIPA-SB balance (LIPA> SB) & sufficient MVPA (2) negative LIPA-SB balance & sufficient MVPA (3) positive LIPA-SB balance & insufficient MVPA (4) negative LIPA-SB balance & insufficient MVPA. Results: For the total sample, 55% of the waking time was spent in SB, 39% in LIPA and 6% in MVPA. Differences in SB between age groups was dependent from gender (p<0.001). Further, a positive LIPA-SB balance was assessed in 18% of the total sample and only 10% combined this positive balance with recommended amount of MVPA. Secondary schoolgirls were most at risk, with only 1% of the sample combining a positive LIPA-SB balance with sufficient MVPA. Another risk group was the large proportion (43%) of adult men who combined sufficient MVPA with a negative LIPA-SB balance. Conclusion: A high proportion of the Belgian population is at risk if taking into account both SB and PA levels. Secondary schoolgirls have the unhealthiest SB and PA profile and are therefore an important target group for interventions both increasing MVPA and decreasing SB. In men more attention should be given in promoting a positive LIPA-SB balance independently from their compliance with the MVPA guidelines.
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author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Sitting time, Light-intensity physical activity, Objective assessment, Accelerometer, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE, CSA ACTIVITY MONITOR, METABOLIC RISK, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, COMPUTER-SCIENCE, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, PLASMA-GLUCOSE, SITTING TIME, ALL-CAUSE
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act.
volume
9
article number
149
pages
12 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000313634500001
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
3.577 (2012)
JCR rank
15/75 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
1479-5868
DOI
10.1186/1479-5868-9-149
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
3116781
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3116781
date created
2013-01-31 10:29:01
date last changed
2016-12-21 15:42:41
@article{3116781,
  abstract     = {Background: From a health perspective it is suggested to promote a positive balance between time spent in light intensity physical activity (LIPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) (i.e. spending more time in LIPA than time spent in SB). However, no studies have reported prevalence rates of the LIPA-SB balance yet. The aim of this study was to objectively investigate the time spent in SB, in LIPA and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) in four Belgian age groups and to explore which proportion of the population had a favorable balance between LIPA and SB and combined this with recommended amount of MVPA. 
Methods: Accelerometer data from 7 cross-sectional studies (N=2083) in four age groups (preschoolers, primary schoolchildren, secondary schoolchildren and adults) were aggregated. Differences in SB and PA between age groups and between men and women were determined by two-way MANCOVA. LIPA-SB balance was calculated and participants were categorized into one of four groups: (1) positive LIPA-SB balance (LIPA{\textrangle} SB) \& sufficient MVPA (2) negative LIPA-SB balance \& sufficient MVPA (3) positive LIPA-SB balance \& insufficient MVPA (4) negative LIPA-SB balance \& insufficient MVPA. 
Results: For the total sample, 55\% of the waking time was spent in SB, 39\% in LIPA and 6\% in MVPA. Differences in SB between age groups was dependent from gender (p{\textlangle}0.001). Further, a positive LIPA-SB balance was assessed in 18\% of the total sample and only 10\% combined this positive balance with recommended amount of MVPA. Secondary schoolgirls were most at risk, with only 1\% of the sample combining a positive LIPA-SB balance with sufficient MVPA. Another risk group was the large proportion (43\%) of adult men who combined sufficient MVPA with a negative LIPA-SB balance. 
Conclusion: A high proportion of the Belgian population is at risk if taking into account both SB and PA levels. Secondary schoolgirls have the unhealthiest SB and PA profile and are therefore an important target group for interventions both increasing MVPA and decreasing SB. In men more attention should be given in promoting a positive LIPA-SB balance independently from their compliance with the MVPA guidelines.},
  articleno    = {149},
  author       = {Spittaels, Heleen and Van Cauwenberghe, Eveline and Verbestel, Vera and De Meester, Femke and Van Dyck, Delfien and Verloigne, Ma{\"i}t{\'e} and Haerens, Leen and Deforche, Benedicte and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1479-5868},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY},
  keyword      = {Sitting time,Light-intensity physical activity,Objective assessment,Accelerometer,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE,CSA ACTIVITY MONITOR,METABOLIC RISK,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE,COMPUTER-SCIENCE,ADOLESCENT GIRLS,PLASMA-GLUCOSE,SITTING TIME,ALL-CAUSE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity time across the lifespan: a cross-sectional study in four age groups},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-149},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Spittaels, Heleen, Eveline Van Cauwenberghe, Vera Verbestel, Femke De Meester, Delfien Van Dyck, Maïté Verloigne, Leen Haerens, Benedicte Deforche, Greet Cardon, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2012. “Objectively Measured Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Time Across the Lifespan: a Cross-sectional Study in Four Age Groups.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 9.
APA
Spittaels, Heleen, Van Cauwenberghe, E., Verbestel, V., De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., Verloigne, M., Haerens, L., et al. (2012). Objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity time across the lifespan: a cross-sectional study in four age groups. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 9.
Vancouver
1.
Spittaels H, Van Cauwenberghe E, Verbestel V, De Meester F, Van Dyck D, Verloigne M, et al. Objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity time across the lifespan: a cross-sectional study in four age groups. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 2012;9.
MLA
Spittaels, Heleen, Eveline Van Cauwenberghe, Vera Verbestel, et al. “Objectively Measured Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Time Across the Lifespan: a Cross-sectional Study in Four Age Groups.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 9 (2012): n. pag. Print.