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Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

(2013) BIOCONTROL. 58(2). p.247-256
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Abstract
The striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a key pest of crucifer vegetables in Southern China. The use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) within an integrated pest management approach may offer an effective and environmentally safe strategy to suppress outbreaks of this pest. In the present study, the efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae All and Heterorhabditis indica LN2 for the control of P. striolata in the field was evaluated, as well as the combined application of EPNs and azadirachtin against the pest. Both nematode species were capable of reducing populations of the soil-dwelling stages of P. striolata, thus leading to a reduction of the adult populations and the associated shot-hole damage on the leaves. Nematode treatments also increased cabbage yields as compared to the control and azadirachtin treatments alone. Azadirachtin alone was not effective to prevent damage by P. striolata, but it could enhance the control effect of S. carpocapsae shortly after application. Osmotically treated infective juveniles (IJs) of S. carpocapsae All performed as well as untreated IJs.
Keywords
Azadirachtin, Phyllotreta striolata, Entomopathogenic nematodes, Field application, Steinernema carpocapsae, Heterorhabditis indica, RHABDITIDA STEINERNEMATIDAE, WHITE GRUBS, HETERORHABDITIS-BACTERIOPHORA, RAPE CROPS, CURCULIONIDAE, EFFICACY, CARPOCAPSAE, PERSISTENCE, SCARABAEI, ADULTS

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Citation

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Chicago
Yan, Xun, Richou Han, Maurice Moens, Shulong Chen, and Patrick De Clercq. 2013. “Field Evaluation of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Biological Control of Striped Flea Beetle, Phyllotreta Striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).” Biocontrol 58 (2): 247–256.
APA
Yan, Xun, Han, R., Moens, M., Chen, S., & De Clercq, P. (2013). Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). BIOCONTROL, 58(2), 247–256.
Vancouver
1.
Yan X, Han R, Moens M, Chen S, De Clercq P. Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). BIOCONTROL. 2013;58(2):247–56.
MLA
Yan, Xun, Richou Han, Maurice Moens, et al. “Field Evaluation of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Biological Control of Striped Flea Beetle, Phyllotreta Striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).” BIOCONTROL 58.2 (2013): 247–256. Print.
@article{3111149,
  abstract     = {The striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a key pest of crucifer vegetables in Southern China. The use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) within an integrated pest management approach may offer an effective and environmentally safe strategy to suppress outbreaks of this pest. In the present study, the efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae All and Heterorhabditis indica LN2 for the control of P. striolata in the field was evaluated, as well as the combined application of EPNs and azadirachtin against the pest. Both nematode species were capable of reducing populations of the soil-dwelling stages of P. striolata, thus leading to a reduction of the adult populations and the associated shot-hole damage on the leaves. Nematode treatments also increased cabbage yields as compared to the control and azadirachtin treatments alone. Azadirachtin alone was not effective to prevent damage by P. striolata, but it could enhance the control effect of S. carpocapsae shortly after application. Osmotically treated infective juveniles (IJs) of S. carpocapsae All performed as well as untreated IJs.},
  author       = {Yan, Xun and Han, Richou and Moens, Maurice and Chen, Shulong and De Clercq, Patrick},
  issn         = {1386-6141},
  journal      = {BIOCONTROL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {247--256},
  title        = {Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10526-012-9482-y},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2013},
}

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