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Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)

Author
Organization
Abstract
The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements were added to the CATS. The CATS-N/P was administered to a community sample of 554 children aged 8–18 years. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the positive self-statements formed a separate and psychometrically sound factor. Internal and short-term test–retest reliability was good. Boys reported more hostile and positive thoughts than girls; and younger children reported more negative thoughts concerning physical threat, social threat, and failure than older children. In conclusion, the results of the current study support the use of the CATS-N/P for the measurement of positive and negative thoughts in children. The application of the CATS-N/P can facilitate further research on cognitive factors in different childhood disorders.
Keywords
Adolescents, Children, ADOLESCENTS, Cognition, DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, SELF-STATEMENT QUESTIONNAIRE, INFORMATION-PROCESSING MODEL, CONTENT SPECIFICITY, ANXIETY, FIT INDEXES, CLINICAL-SAMPLE, DEPRESSION SCALE, CATS, Assessment, Thoughts

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Chicago
Hogendoorn, Sanne, Lidewij Wolters, Leentje Vervoort, Pier Prins, Frits Boer, Emelie Kooij, and Else de Haan. 2010. “Measuring Negative and Positive Thoughts in Children: An Adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS).” Cognitive Therapy and Research 34: 467–478.
APA
Hogendoorn, S., Wolters, L., Vervoort, L., Prins, P., Boer, F., Kooij, E., & de Haan, E. (2010). Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS). COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH, 34, 467–478.
Vancouver
1.
Hogendoorn S, Wolters L, Vervoort L, Prins P, Boer F, Kooij E, et al. Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS). COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH. 2010;34:467–78.
MLA
Hogendoorn, Sanne, Lidewij Wolters, Leentje Vervoort, et al. “Measuring Negative and Positive Thoughts in Children: An Adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS).” COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH 34 (2010): 467–478. Print.
@article{3109338,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children{\textquoteright}s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements were added to the CATS. The CATS-N/P was administered to a community sample of 554 children aged 8--18 years. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the positive self-statements formed a separate and psychometrically sound factor. Internal and short-term test--retest reliability was good. Boys reported more hostile and positive thoughts than girls; and younger children reported more negative thoughts concerning physical threat, social threat, and failure than older children. In conclusion, the results of the current study support the use of the CATS-N/P for the measurement of positive and negative thoughts in children. The application of the CATS-N/P can facilitate further research on cognitive factors in different childhood disorders.},
  author       = {Hogendoorn, Sanne and Wolters, Lidewij and Vervoort, Leentje and Prins, Pier and Boer, Frits and Kooij, Emelie and de Haan, Else},
  issn         = {0147-5916},
  journal      = {COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {Adolescents,Children,ADOLESCENTS,Cognition,DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE,PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES,SELF-STATEMENT QUESTIONNAIRE,INFORMATION-PROCESSING MODEL,CONTENT SPECIFICITY,ANXIETY,FIT INDEXES,CLINICAL-SAMPLE,DEPRESSION SCALE,CATS,Assessment,Thoughts},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {467--478},
  title        = {Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children{\textquoteright}s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-010-9306-2},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2010},
}

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