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Automatic evaluations in clinically anxious and non-anxious children and adolescents

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Abstract
Automatic threat-related information processes are involved in childhood anxiety (Bijttebier, Vasey, & Braet, 2003; Daleiden & Vasey, 1997). Automatic evaluations of clinically anxious and non-anxious children (n=40, aged 8 -16, 18 girls) were compared using a pictorial Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (de Houwer, 2003a). Results showed a threat-related evaluation bias in clinically anxious, but not in non-anxious children. In anxious participants, automatic evaluations of anxiety-relevant stimuli were more negative than those of negative stimuli. In non-anxious participants, evaluations of negative and anxiety-relevant stimuli did not differ. Furthermore, anxious youth had stronger negative evaluations of anxiety-relevant stimuli than non-anxious children. Automatic evaluations of positive, neutral and negative stimuli did not differ between groups. Threat-related evaluations were predictive of parent-reported, but not child-reported anxiety. The present study shows an automatic threat-related evaluation bias in youth anxiety, thus increasing evidence for information processing theories of childhood anxiety
Keywords
IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, AFFECTIVE SIMON TASK, DISORDERS INTERVIEW SCHEDULE, TRAIT ANXIETY INVENTORY, CHILDHOOD ANXIETY, ATTENTIONAL BIAS, COGNITIVE BIAS, EFFECT SIZE, INFORMATION, RELIABILITY

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Chicago
Vervoort, Leentje, Pier Prins, Lidewij Wolters, Sanne Hogendoorn, Else De Haan, Maaike Nauta, and Frits Boer. 2010. “Automatic Evaluations in Clinically Anxious and Non-anxious Children and Adolescents.” Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 39 (4): 481–491.
APA
Vervoort, Leentje, Prins, P., Wolters, L., Hogendoorn, S., De Haan, E., Nauta, M., & Boer, F. (2010). Automatic evaluations in clinically anxious and non-anxious children and adolescents. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY, 39(4), 481–491.
Vancouver
1.
Vervoort L, Prins P, Wolters L, Hogendoorn S, De Haan E, Nauta M, et al. Automatic evaluations in clinically anxious and non-anxious children and adolescents. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY. 2010;39(4):481–91.
MLA
Vervoort, Leentje, Pier Prins, Lidewij Wolters, et al. “Automatic Evaluations in Clinically Anxious and Non-anxious Children and Adolescents.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 39.4 (2010): 481–491. Print.
@article{3109272,
  abstract     = {Automatic threat-related information processes are involved in childhood anxiety (Bijttebier, Vasey, \& Braet, 2003; Daleiden \& Vasey, 1997). Automatic evaluations of clinically anxious and non-anxious children (n=40, aged 8 -16, 18 girls) were compared using a pictorial Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (de Houwer, 2003a). Results showed a threat-related evaluation bias in clinically anxious, but not in non-anxious children. In anxious participants, automatic evaluations of anxiety-relevant stimuli were more negative than those of negative stimuli. In non-anxious participants, evaluations of negative and anxiety-relevant stimuli did not differ. Furthermore, anxious youth had stronger negative evaluations of anxiety-relevant stimuli than non-anxious children. Automatic evaluations of positive, neutral and negative stimuli did not differ between groups. Threat-related evaluations were predictive of parent-reported, but not child-reported anxiety. The present study shows an automatic threat-related evaluation bias in youth anxiety, thus increasing evidence for information processing theories of childhood anxiety},
  author       = {Vervoort, Leentje and Prins, Pier and Wolters, Lidewij and Hogendoorn, Sanne and De Haan, Else and Nauta, Maaike  and Boer, Frits},
  issn         = {1537-4416},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,AFFECTIVE SIMON TASK,DISORDERS INTERVIEW SCHEDULE,TRAIT ANXIETY INVENTORY,CHILDHOOD ANXIETY,ATTENTIONAL BIAS,COGNITIVE BIAS,EFFECT SIZE,INFORMATION,RELIABILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {481--491},
  title        = {Automatic evaluations in clinically anxious and non-anxious children and adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2010.486316},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2010},
}

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