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Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents in seven countries in Europe: the ENERGY-project

(2012) PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 7(5). p.399-411
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Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore differences in weight status and energy balance behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents across Europe. Methods: A school-based survey among 10-12-year-old adolescents was conducted in seven European countries. Weight, height and waist circumference were measured; engagement in physical activity, sedentary and dietary behaviour, and sleep duration was assessed by child and parent-report. A distinction between native and non-native ethnic background was based on language spoken at home, and the parents' country of birth. Analyses were conducted with and without adjustment for parental education. Results: With valid data on both indicators of ethnic background for 5149 adolescents, 7307 adolescents (52% girls; 11.6 +/- 0.7 years) participated. Significantly higher prevalence of overweight, obesity, body mass index and waist circumference were observed among non-native compared with native adolescents. Non-native adolescents had less favourable behavioural patterns (sugary drinks, breakfast skipping, sport, TV and computer time, hours of sleep) with the exception of active transport to school. Similar patterns were observed for both indicators of ethnicity, and in most of the separate countries; however, in Greece, weight status indicators were better among non-native adolescents. After adjustment for parental education, most differences remained significant according to country of origin of the parents, but not according to language spoken at home. Conclusion: Adolescents of native ethnicity of the country of residence have, in general, more favourable weight status indicators and energy balance-related behaviours than adolescents of non-native ethnicity across Europe.
Keywords
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY, DUTCH ADOLESCENTS, YOUNG-PEOPLE, VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, PROMOTING FRUIT, SLEEP DURATION, OVERWEIGHT, CHILDREN, overweight, ethnicity, youth, schoolchildren

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Brug, Johannes, Maartje van Stralen, Mai JM Chinapaw, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Nanna Lien, Elling Bere, Amika S Singh, et al. 2012. “Differences in Weight Status and Energy-balance Related Behaviours According to Ethnic Background Among Adolescents in Seven Countries in Europe: The ENERGY-project.” Pediatric Obesity 7 (5): 399–411.
APA
Brug, J., van Stralen, M., Chinapaw, M. J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lien, N., Bere, E., Singh, A. S., et al. (2012). Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents in seven countries in Europe: the ENERGY-project. PEDIATRIC OBESITY, 7(5), 399–411.
Vancouver
1.
Brug J, van Stralen M, Chinapaw MJ, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lien N, Bere E, et al. Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents in seven countries in Europe: the ENERGY-project. PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 2012;7(5):399–411.
MLA
Brug, Johannes, Maartje van Stralen, Mai JM Chinapaw, et al. “Differences in Weight Status and Energy-balance Related Behaviours According to Ethnic Background Among Adolescents in Seven Countries in Europe: The ENERGY-project.” PEDIATRIC OBESITY 7.5 (2012): 399–411. Print.
@article{3104425,
  abstract     = {Objective: The aim of this study was to explore differences in weight status and energy balance behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents across Europe. 
Methods: A school-based survey among 10-12-year-old adolescents was conducted in seven European countries. Weight, height and waist circumference were measured; engagement in physical activity, sedentary and dietary behaviour, and sleep duration was assessed by child and parent-report. A distinction between native and non-native ethnic background was based on language spoken at home, and the parents' country of birth. Analyses were conducted with and without adjustment for parental education. 
Results: With valid data on both indicators of ethnic background for 5149 adolescents, 7307 adolescents (52\% girls; 11.6 +/- 0.7 years) participated. Significantly higher prevalence of overweight, obesity, body mass index and waist circumference were observed among non-native compared with native adolescents. Non-native adolescents had less favourable behavioural patterns (sugary drinks, breakfast skipping, sport, TV and computer time, hours of sleep) with the exception of active transport to school. Similar patterns were observed for both indicators of ethnicity, and in most of the separate countries; however, in Greece, weight status indicators were better among non-native adolescents. After adjustment for parental education, most differences remained significant according to country of origin of the parents, but not according to language spoken at home. 
Conclusion: Adolescents of native ethnicity of the country of residence have, in general, more favourable weight status indicators and energy balance-related behaviours than adolescents of non-native ethnicity across Europe.},
  author       = {Brug, Johannes and van Stralen, Maartje and Chinapaw, Mai JM and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Lien, Nanna and Bere, Elling and Singh, Amika S and Maes, Lea and Moreno, Luis and Jan, Nata\v{s}a and Kovacs, Eva and Lobstein, Tim and Manios, Yannis and te Velde, Saskia},
  issn         = {2047-6310},
  journal      = {PEDIATRIC OBESITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {399--411},
  title        = {Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents in seven countries in Europe: the ENERGY-project},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00067.x},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}

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