Advanced search
Add to list

Perfrin, a novel bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain

Author
Organization
Abstract
Necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens is associated with netB positive Clostridium perfringens type A strains. Single strain dominance is found in the gut of broiler chickens suffering from necrotic enteritis: within an outbreak, all affected animals usually carry the same clonal Clostridium perfringens strain in the affected tissue while clinically healthy chickens can carry different Clostridium perfringens clones in their intestine. It is known that Clostridium perfringens is capable of secreting factors inhibiting growth of other Clostridium perfringens strains and this characteristic is more prevalent in strains isolated from outbreaks of necrotic enteritis compared to strains isolated from the gut of healthy chickens. This characteristic could lead to extensive and selective presence of a strain that contains the genetic make-up enabling to secrete toxins that cause gut lesions. This report describes the purification and the characterization of a bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain exhibiting antibacterial activity against other Clostridium perfringens strains. This report describes the purification and the characterization of a bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain exhibiting antibacterial activity against other Clostridium perfringens strains. Amino acid sequence analysis indicated that the bacteriocin is a 11.5 kDa fragment of a 22.91 kDa protein and that it constitutes the C-terminal part of this protein. The antibacterial activity of the purified bacteriocin was abolished by proteolytic enzymes trypsin and proteinase K and by heat treatment (10 min at 80 °C). The purified bacteriocin showed inhibitory activity over a wide pH-range (4.0 to 10.0). Since the antibacterial activity of the purified bacteriocin against other Clostridium perfringens strains had a narrower spectrum than the secreting strain, most probably additional bacteriocins are produced by the strain. The bacteriocin gene was identified in 20% (10/50) of the poultry derived strains (22/50 netB positive), and was not found in 45 netB negative C. perfringens type A, B, C, D and E strains isolated from cattle, sheep, pigs, and humans. Southern blotting showed that the bacteriocin gene is not located on a plasmid. Despite the fact that the 10 strains carrying the bacteriocin gene are all netB positive strains, Perfrin and NetB are not located on the same genetic element since NetB is plasmid encoded.

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Timbermont, Leen, Sofie Geeraerts, Lina De Smet, et al. “Perfrin, a Novel Bacteriocin from a Necrotic Enteritis Associated Clostridium Perfringens Strain.” Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International Symposium, Abstracts. 2012. Print.
APA
Timbermont, L., Geeraerts, S., De Smet, L., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Parreira, V. R., Van Driessche, G., Haesebrouck, F., et al. (2012). Perfrin, a novel bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain. Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International symposium, Abstracts. Presented at the 3rd International symposium on Antimicrobial Peptides.
Chicago author-date
Timbermont, Leen, Sofie Geeraerts, Lina De Smet, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Valeria R Parreira, Gonzalez Van Driessche, Freddy Haesebrouck, et al. 2012. “Perfrin, a Novel Bacteriocin from a Necrotic Enteritis Associated Clostridium Perfringens Strain.” In Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International Symposium, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Timbermont, Leen, Sofie Geeraerts, Lina De Smet, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Valeria R Parreira, Gonzalez Van Driessche, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, John Prescott, Dieter Deforce, Bart Devreese, and Filip Van Immerseel. 2012. “Perfrin, a Novel Bacteriocin from a Necrotic Enteritis Associated Clostridium Perfringens Strain.” In Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International Symposium, Abstracts.
Vancouver
1.
Timbermont L, Geeraerts S, De Smet L, Van Nieuwerburgh F, Parreira VR, Van Driessche G, et al. Perfrin, a novel bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain. Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International symposium, Abstracts. 2012.
IEEE
[1]
L. Timbermont et al., “Perfrin, a novel bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain,” in Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International symposium, Abstracts, Lille, France, 2012.
@inproceedings{3102697,
  abstract     = {Necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens is associated with netB positive Clostridium perfringens type A strains. Single strain dominance is found in the gut of broiler chickens suffering from necrotic enteritis: within an outbreak, all affected animals usually carry the same clonal Clostridium perfringens strain in the affected tissue while clinically healthy chickens can carry different Clostridium perfringens clones in their intestine. It is known that Clostridium perfringens is capable of secreting factors inhibiting growth of other Clostridium perfringens strains and this characteristic is more prevalent in strains isolated from outbreaks of necrotic enteritis compared to strains isolated from the gut of healthy chickens. This characteristic could lead to extensive and selective presence of a strain that contains the genetic make-up enabling to secrete toxins that cause gut lesions. This report describes the purification and the characterization of a bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain exhibiting antibacterial activity against other Clostridium perfringens strains.
This report describes the purification and the characterization of a bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain exhibiting antibacterial activity against other Clostridium perfringens strains. Amino acid sequence analysis indicated that the bacteriocin is a 11.5 kDa fragment of a 22.91 kDa protein and that it constitutes the C-terminal part of this protein. The antibacterial activity of the purified bacteriocin was abolished by proteolytic enzymes trypsin and proteinase K and by heat treatment (10 min at 80 °C). The purified bacteriocin showed inhibitory activity over a wide pH-range (4.0 to 10.0). Since the antibacterial activity of the purified bacteriocin against other Clostridium perfringens strains had a narrower spectrum than the secreting strain, most probably additional bacteriocins are produced by the strain. The bacteriocin gene was identified in 20% (10/50) of the poultry derived strains (22/50 netB positive), and was not found in 45 netB negative C. perfringens type A, B, C, D and E strains isolated from cattle, sheep, pigs, and humans. Southern blotting showed that the bacteriocin gene is not located on a plasmid. Despite the fact that the 10 strains carrying the bacteriocin gene are all netB positive strains, Perfrin and NetB are not located on the same genetic element since NetB is plasmid encoded.},
  author       = {Timbermont, Leen and Geeraerts, Sofie and De Smet, Lina and Van Nieuwerburgh, Filip and Parreira, Valeria R and Van Driessche, Gonzalez and Haesebrouck, Freddy and Ducatelle, Richard and Prescott, John and Deforce, Dieter and Devreese, Bart and Van Immerseel, Filip},
  booktitle    = {Antimicrobial Peptides, 3rd International symposium, Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Lille, France},
  title        = {Perfrin, a novel bacteriocin from a necrotic enteritis associated Clostridium perfringens strain},
  year         = {2012},
}