Advanced search
1 file | 2.62 MB

Acute hemorrhagic syndrome by bracken poisoning in cattle in Belgium

Elke Plessers (UGent) , Bart Pardon (UGent) , Piet Deprez (UGent) , Patrick De Backer (UGent) and Siska Croubels (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
In August 2007, two Belgian Blue cows which had been on pasture for three months showed high fever (41.4°C), epistaxis, melena, cutaneous bleeding, a stiff gait and red lesions on the udder. Blood examination revealed severe pancytopenia and bluetongue virus serotype 8 could be demonstrated by PCR. Despite blood transfusion and supportive treatment, both animals died within 6 days after the initial symptoms. At necropsy, an explicit case of a blood coagulation disorder was observed. Inspection at pasture, one week later, showed the presence of numerous regenerated young fronds of Pteridium aquilinum. Whereas the stiff gait and the red lesions on the udder are likely bluetongue virus associated, other symptoms are consistent with acute bracken poisoning (acute hemorrhagic syndrome). The present report illustrates that also in Belgium, where the density of bracken fern is relatively low, pastures should be carefully screened for the presence of young fronds.
Keywords
bracken fern, acute hemorrhagic syndrome, intoxication, cattle, ptaquiloside, FERN PTERIDIUM-AQUILINUM, ENZOOTIC HEMATURIA, NORTHERN EUROPE, DAIRY-CATTLE, NEW-ZEALAND, PTAQUILOSIDE, BLUETONGUE, VIRUS, REPRODUCTION, METAANALYSIS

Downloads

  • 039697 VDT 1 2013 art. 5.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.62 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Plessers, Elke, Bart Pardon, Piet Deprez, Patrick De Backer, and Siska Croubels. 2013. “Acute Hemorrhagic Syndrome by Bracken Poisoning in Cattle in Belgium.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 82 (1): 31–37.
APA
Plessers, E., Pardon, B., Deprez, P., De Backer, P., & Croubels, S. (2013). Acute hemorrhagic syndrome by bracken poisoning in cattle in Belgium. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 82(1), 31–37.
Vancouver
1.
Plessers E, Pardon B, Deprez P, De Backer P, Croubels S. Acute hemorrhagic syndrome by bracken poisoning in cattle in Belgium. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2013;82(1):31–7.
MLA
Plessers, Elke et al. “Acute Hemorrhagic Syndrome by Bracken Poisoning in Cattle in Belgium.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 82.1 (2013): 31–37. Print.
@article{3100647,
  abstract     = {In August 2007, two Belgian Blue cows which had been on pasture for three months showed high fever (41.4°C), epistaxis, melena, cutaneous bleeding, a stiff gait and red lesions on the udder. Blood examination revealed severe pancytopenia and bluetongue virus serotype 8 could be demonstrated by PCR. Despite blood transfusion and supportive treatment, both animals died within 6 days after the initial symptoms. At necropsy, an explicit case of a blood coagulation disorder was observed. Inspection at pasture, one week later, showed the presence of numerous regenerated young fronds of Pteridium aquilinum. Whereas the stiff gait and the red lesions on the udder are likely bluetongue virus associated, other symptoms are consistent with acute bracken poisoning (acute hemorrhagic syndrome). The present report illustrates that also in Belgium, where the density of bracken fern is relatively low, pastures should be carefully screened for the presence of young fronds.},
  author       = {Plessers, Elke and Pardon, Bart and Deprez, Piet and De Backer, Patrick and Croubels, Siska},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keywords     = {bracken fern,acute hemorrhagic syndrome,intoxication,cattle,ptaquiloside,FERN PTERIDIUM-AQUILINUM,ENZOOTIC HEMATURIA,NORTHERN EUROPE,DAIRY-CATTLE,NEW-ZEALAND,PTAQUILOSIDE,BLUETONGUE,VIRUS,REPRODUCTION,METAANALYSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {31--37},
  title        = {Acute hemorrhagic syndrome by bracken poisoning in cattle in Belgium},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/sites/default/files/art82105.pdf},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2013},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: