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Abstract
Based on single cross-scan data of the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey, we report the first detections of dust in cluster early-type dwarf galaxies: VCC 209, VCC 781 and VCC 951. All three galaxies have dust masses M-d approximate to 10(5) - 10(6) M-circle dot and average dust temperatures approximate to 16-20 K. Since these three early-type dwarfs reside in densely crowded regions close to the center of the Virgo cluster, and several HI-detected dwarfs in the outskirts of Virgo were not detected by Herschel (implying a dust content < 10(4) M-circle dot), this might imply that dust in dwarfs is more closely related to the molecular gas, which is more centrally peaked in a galaxy's potential well and therefore, not easily removed by any stripping mechanism. We conclude that the removal of interstellar dust from these early-type dwarfs appears to be less efficient than the removal of the HI gas.
Keywords
CATALOG, DEFICIENT, SPIRALS, VIRGO CLUSTER, COLD DUST, GAS

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MLA
De Looze, Ilse, Maarten Baes, Jacopo Fritz, et al. “Dust in Cluster Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies.” Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Ed. P Papaderos, S Recchi, & G Hensler. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2012. 163–167. Print.
APA
De Looze, Ilse, Baes, M., Fritz, J., Verstappen, J., Bendo, G., Bianchi, S., Bomans, D., et al. (2012). Dust in cluster dwarf elliptical galaxies. In P. Papaderos, S. Recchi, & G. Hensler (Eds.), Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings (pp. 163–167). Presented at the Joint European and National Astronomy Meeting (JENAM) ; 18th Annual meeting of the European Astronomical Society ; 20th Annual Portuguese meeting of Astronomy and Astrophysics ; Symposium 7 - Square Kilometre Array (SKA), New York, NY, USA: Springer.
Chicago author-date
De Looze, Ilse, Maarten Baes, Jacopo Fritz, Joris Verstappen, GJ Bendo, S Bianchi, DJ Bomans, et al. 2012. “Dust in Cluster Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies.” In Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, ed. P Papaderos, S Recchi, and G Hensler, 163–167. New York, NY, USA: Springer.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Looze, Ilse, Maarten Baes, Jacopo Fritz, Joris Verstappen, GJ Bendo, S Bianchi, DJ Bomans, A Boselli, M Clemens, E Corbelli, L Cortese, A Dariush, JI Davies, SD Alighieri, D Fadda, DA Garcia-Appadoo, G Gavazzi, C Giovanardi, M Grossi, TM Hughes, LK Hunt, AP Jones, S Madden, L Magrini, D Pierini, M Pohlen, S Sabatini, MWL Smith, C Vlahakis, EM Xilouris, and S Zibetti. 2012. “Dust in Cluster Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies.” In Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, ed. P Papaderos, S Recchi, and G Hensler, 163–167. New York, NY, USA: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
De Looze I, Baes M, Fritz J, Verstappen J, Bendo G, Bianchi S, et al. Dust in cluster dwarf elliptical galaxies. In: Papaderos P, Recchi S, Hensler G, editors. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. New York, NY, USA: Springer; 2012. p. 163–7.
IEEE
[1]
I. De Looze et al., “Dust in cluster dwarf elliptical galaxies,” in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, Lisbon, Portugal, 2012, pp. 163–167.
@inproceedings{3097875,
  abstract     = {{Based on single cross-scan data of the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey, we report the first detections of dust in cluster early-type dwarf galaxies: VCC 209, VCC 781 and VCC 951. All three galaxies have dust masses M-d approximate to 10(5) - 10(6) M-circle dot and average dust temperatures approximate to 16-20 K. Since these three early-type dwarfs reside in densely crowded regions close to the center of the Virgo cluster, and several HI-detected dwarfs in the outskirts of Virgo were not detected by Herschel (implying a dust content < 10(4) M-circle dot), this might imply that dust in dwarfs is more closely related to the molecular gas, which is more centrally peaked in a galaxy's potential well and therefore, not easily removed by any stripping mechanism. We conclude that the removal of interstellar dust from these early-type dwarfs appears to be less efficient than the removal of the HI gas.}},
  author       = {{De Looze, Ilse and Baes, Maarten and Fritz, Jacopo and Verstappen, Joris and Bendo, GJ and Bianchi, S and Bomans, DJ and Boselli, A and Clemens, M and Corbelli, E and Cortese, L and Dariush, A and Davies, JI and Alighieri, SD and Fadda, D and Garcia-Appadoo, DA and Gavazzi, G and Giovanardi, C and Grossi, M and Hughes, TM and Hunt, LK and Jones, AP and Madden, S and Magrini, L and Pierini, D and Pohlen, M and Sabatini, S and Smith, MWL and Vlahakis, C and Xilouris, EM and Zibetti, S}},
  booktitle    = {{Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings}},
  editor       = {{Papaderos, P and Recchi, S and Hensler, G}},
  isbn         = {{9783642220180}},
  issn         = {{1570-6591}},
  keywords     = {{CATALOG,DEFICIENT,SPIRALS,VIRGO CLUSTER,COLD DUST,GAS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Lisbon, Portugal}},
  pages        = {{163--167}},
  publisher    = {{Springer}},
  title        = {{Dust in cluster dwarf elliptical galaxies}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22018-0_18}},
  year         = {{2012}},
}

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