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Smart ideas for smart cities: investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a City context

Dimitri Schuurman (UGent) , Bastiaan Baccarne (UGent) , Lieven De Marez (UGent) and Peter Mechant (UGent)
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Abstract
Within this article, the strengths and weaknesses of crowdsourcing for idea generation and idea selection in the context of smart city innovation are investigated. First, smart cities are defined next to similar but different concepts such as digital cities, intelligent cities or ubiquitous cities. It is argued that the smart city-concept is in fact a more user-centered evolution of the other city-concepts which seem to be more technological deterministic in nature. The principles of crowdsourcing are explained and the different manifestations are demonstrated. By means of a case study, the generation of ideas for innovative uses of ICT for city innovation by citizens through an online platform is studied, as well as the selection process. For this selection, a crowdsourcing solution is compared to a selection made by external experts. The comparison of both indicates that using the crowd as gatekeeper and selector of innovative ideas yields a long list with high user benefits. However, the generation of ideas in itself appeared not to deliver extremely innovative ideas. Crowdsourcing thus appears to be a useful and effective tool in the context of smart city innovation, but should be thoughtfully used and combined with other user involvement approaches and within broader frameworks such as Living Labs.
Keywords
Ideation, Crowdsourcing, Idea selection, Living Labs, Smart city

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MLA
Schuurman, Dimitri, Bastiaan Baccarne, Lieven De Marez, et al. “Smart Ideas for Smart Cities: Investigating Crowdsourcing for Generating and Selecting Ideas for ICT Innovation in a City Context.” JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ELECTRONIC COMMERCE RESEARCH 7.3 (2012): 49–62. Print.
APA
Schuurman, D., Baccarne, B., De Marez, L., & Mechant, P. (2012). Smart ideas for smart cities: investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a City context. JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ELECTRONIC COMMERCE RESEARCH, 7(3), 49–62.
Chicago author-date
Schuurman, Dimitri, Bastiaan Baccarne, Lieven De Marez, and Peter Mechant. 2012. “Smart Ideas for Smart Cities: Investigating Crowdsourcing for Generating and Selecting Ideas for ICT Innovation in a City Context.” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 7 (3): 49–62.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schuurman, Dimitri, Bastiaan Baccarne, Lieven De Marez, and Peter Mechant. 2012. “Smart Ideas for Smart Cities: Investigating Crowdsourcing for Generating and Selecting Ideas for ICT Innovation in a City Context.” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 7 (3): 49–62.
Vancouver
1.
Schuurman D, Baccarne B, De Marez L, Mechant P. Smart ideas for smart cities: investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a City context. JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ELECTRONIC COMMERCE RESEARCH. 2012;7(3):49–62.
IEEE
[1]
D. Schuurman, B. Baccarne, L. De Marez, and P. Mechant, “Smart ideas for smart cities: investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a City context,” JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ELECTRONIC COMMERCE RESEARCH, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 49–62, 2012.
@article{3093061,
  abstract     = {Within this article, the strengths and weaknesses of crowdsourcing for idea generation and idea selection in the context of smart city innovation are investigated. First, smart cities are defined next to similar but different concepts such as digital cities, intelligent cities or ubiquitous cities. It is argued that the smart city-concept is in fact a more user-centered evolution of the other city-concepts which seem to be more technological deterministic in nature. The principles of crowdsourcing are explained and the different manifestations are demonstrated. By means of a case study, the generation of ideas for innovative uses of ICT for city innovation by citizens through an online platform is studied, as well as the selection process. For this selection, a crowdsourcing solution is compared to a selection made by external experts. The comparison of both indicates that using the crowd as gatekeeper and selector of innovative ideas yields a long list with high user benefits. However, the generation of ideas in itself appeared not to deliver extremely innovative ideas. Crowdsourcing thus appears to be a useful and effective tool in the context of smart city innovation, but should be thoughtfully used and combined with other user involvement approaches and within broader frameworks such as Living Labs.},
  author       = {Schuurman, Dimitri and Baccarne, Bastiaan and De Marez, Lieven and Mechant, Peter},
  issn         = {0718-1876},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ELECTRONIC COMMERCE RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Ideation,Crowdsourcing,Idea selection,Living Labs,Smart city},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {49--62},
  title        = {Smart ideas for smart cities: investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a City context},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-18762012000300006},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}

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