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Evaluation of solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and solid sampling-graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the direct determination of Cr in various materials using solution-based calibration approaches

Martin Resano Ezcaray, E Garcia-Ruiz, Frank Vanhaecke UGent, C Crespo and MA Belarra (2004) JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY. 19(8). p.958-965
abstract
In this work, the possibilities for the direct determination of Cr in solid samples by means of graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (SS-GFAAS) and by means of electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SS-ETV-ICPMS) have been critically evaluated and compared, the goal always being to develop simple and fast methods, only relying on the use of aqueous standards for calibration. Four reference materials of very different nature ( milk powder, lobster hepatopancreas, polyethylene and sewage sludge), covering a wide Cr concentration range (from 17.7 ng g(-1) to 37.2 mg g(-1)), were selected for the study. The diverse volatility of their matrixes, compared with that of Cr, resulted in different degrees of difficulty for both techniques. SS-GFAAS offers a better limit of detection (2 ng g(-1)) than SS-ETV-ICPMS ( 30 ng g(-1)), mainly due to the occurrence of C-based polyatomic interferences with the latter technique. The samples that presented the least difficulties were those for which the matrix is mainly of an organic nature and can be easily removed during the pyrolysis step, allowing a selective atomization/vaporization of the analyte. Under these circumstances, external calibration against aqueous standards was feasible for SS-GFAAS in all cases. SS-ETV-ICPMS proved to be more sensitive to matrix effects, but the use of the palladium (added for its carrier properties) signal as internal standard also allowed the use of this straightforward calibration procedure. On the other hand, the analysis of sewage sludge ( containing 85% of hardly volatile inorganic compounds) represented the most complicated situation for both techniques: for SS-GFAAS, the addition of Na2CO3 to effect an in-situ microfusion of the sample during the pyrolysis step greatly helped to improve the situation, while for SS-ETV-ICPMS the single standard addition method was necessary. In all cases, a good agreement with the certified values was obtained. The precision ranged between 6 and 22% relative standard deviation, depending on the homogeneity and the sample mass used. These values could be further improved, if needed, by increasing the number of replicates per determination ( usually five). Every determination required approximately 15-20 min, except when the single standard addition method was used (30-40 min). Therefore, it can be stated that both techniques show the capability of providing a direct determination of this analyte in a variety of samples, at very different concentration levels, allowing the development of fast and reliable solid sampling procedures.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
EMISSION-SPECTROMETRY, ETV-ICP-MS, BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES, MULTIELEMENT ANALYSIS, CHEMICAL MODIFIERS, ANALYTE TRANSPORT, MILK POWDER, CHROMIUM, ELEMENTS, INTERFERENCES
journal title
JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY
J. Anal. At. Spectrom.
volume
19
issue
8
pages
958 - 965
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000223110000003
JCR category
CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL
JCR impact factor
3.926 (2004)
JCR rank
3/70 (2004)
JCR quartile
1 (2004)
ISSN
0267-9477
DOI
10.1039/B404743E
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
308958
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-308958
date created
2005-05-29 21:58:00
date last changed
2012-11-22 12:18:57
@article{308958,
  abstract     = {In this work, the possibilities for the direct determination of Cr in solid samples by means of graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (SS-GFAAS) and by means of electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SS-ETV-ICPMS) have been critically evaluated and compared, the goal always being to develop simple and fast methods, only relying on the use of aqueous standards for calibration. Four reference materials of very different nature ( milk powder, lobster hepatopancreas, polyethylene and sewage sludge), covering a wide Cr concentration range (from 17.7 ng g(-1) to 37.2 mg g(-1)), were selected for the study. The diverse volatility of their matrixes, compared with that of Cr, resulted in different degrees of difficulty for both techniques. SS-GFAAS offers a better limit of detection (2 ng g(-1)) than SS-ETV-ICPMS ( 30 ng g(-1)), mainly due to the occurrence of C-based polyatomic interferences with the latter technique. The samples that presented the least difficulties were those for which the matrix is mainly of an organic nature and can be easily removed during the pyrolysis step, allowing a selective atomization/vaporization of the analyte. Under these circumstances, external calibration against aqueous standards was feasible for SS-GFAAS in all cases. SS-ETV-ICPMS proved to be more sensitive to matrix effects, but the use of the palladium (added for its carrier properties) signal as internal standard also allowed the use of this straightforward calibration procedure. On the other hand, the analysis of sewage sludge ( containing 85\% of hardly volatile inorganic compounds) represented the most complicated situation for both techniques: for SS-GFAAS, the addition of Na2CO3 to effect an in-situ microfusion of the sample during the pyrolysis step greatly helped to improve the situation, while for SS-ETV-ICPMS the single standard addition method was necessary. In all cases, a good agreement with the certified values was obtained. The precision ranged between 6 and 22\% relative standard deviation, depending on the homogeneity and the sample mass used. These values could be further improved, if needed, by increasing the number of replicates per determination ( usually five). Every determination required approximately 15-20 min, except when the single standard addition method was used (30-40 min). Therefore, it can be stated that both techniques show the capability of providing a direct determination of this analyte in a variety of samples, at very different concentration levels, allowing the development of fast and reliable solid sampling procedures.},
  author       = {Resano Ezcaray, Martin and Garcia-Ruiz, E and Vanhaecke, Frank and Crespo, C and Belarra, MA},
  issn         = {0267-9477},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY},
  keyword      = {EMISSION-SPECTROMETRY,ETV-ICP-MS,BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES,MULTIELEMENT ANALYSIS,CHEMICAL MODIFIERS,ANALYTE TRANSPORT,MILK POWDER,CHROMIUM,ELEMENTS,INTERFERENCES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {958--965},
  title        = {Evaluation of solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and solid sampling-graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the direct determination of Cr in various materials using solution-based calibration approaches},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B404743E},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2004},
}

Chicago
Resano Ezcaray, Martin, E Garcia-Ruiz, Frank Vanhaecke, C Crespo, and MA Belarra. 2004. “Evaluation of Solid Sampling-electrothermal Vaporization-inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry and Solid Sampling-graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for the Direct Determination of Cr in Various Materials Using Solution-based Calibration Approaches.” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 19 (8): 958–965.
APA
Resano Ezcaray, M., Garcia-Ruiz, E., Vanhaecke, F., Crespo, C., & Belarra, M. (2004). Evaluation of solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and solid sampling-graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the direct determination of Cr in various materials using solution-based calibration approaches. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 19(8), 958–965.
Vancouver
1.
Resano Ezcaray M, Garcia-Ruiz E, Vanhaecke F, Crespo C, Belarra M. Evaluation of solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and solid sampling-graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the direct determination of Cr in various materials using solution-based calibration approaches. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY. 2004;19(8):958–65.
MLA
Resano Ezcaray, Martin, E Garcia-Ruiz, Frank Vanhaecke, et al. “Evaluation of Solid Sampling-electrothermal Vaporization-inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry and Solid Sampling-graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for the Direct Determination of Cr in Various Materials Using Solution-based Calibration Approaches.” JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY 19.8 (2004): 958–965. Print.