Transitivity, ecology and the emergence of verbal periphrasis in Ancient Greek

Klaas Bentein UGent (2013) 108(4). p.286-313
abstract
In this article, I discuss the emergence of verbal periphrasis with εἰμί “I am” and ἔχω “I have” and a perfect, present or aorist participle in Archaic and Classical Greek. Adopting a so-called ‘ecological’ perspective, I argue for the importance of looking at the interrelationship between the periphrastic constructions in terms of their origins and development, drawing particular attention to the mechanism of ‘intraference’. I relate their semantic development to the notion of ‘transitivity’ (in a generalized, gradual sense) and show that ἔχω with aorist participle, εἰμί with perfect participle and εἰμί with present participle became used in increasingly more transitive contexts, a process which I propose to call ‘transitivization’. Somewhat tentatively, I suggest that this notion can also be used to describe the semantic development of periphrasis in general, first having occurred in the domain of perfect aspect, afterwards in that of imperfective aspect and only in a final stage in that of perfective aspect.
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
participial periphrasis, Ancient Greek, diachrony, ecology, transitivity
journal title
CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY
volume
108
issue
4
pages
286 - 313
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000325273600002
ISSN
0009-837X
DOI
10.1086/671785
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3067721
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3067721
date created
2012-12-07 15:40:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:37
@article{3067721,
abstract     = {In this article, I discuss the emergence of verbal periphrasis with \ensuremath{\epsilon}\unmatched{1f30}\ensuremath{\mu}\unmatched{1f77} {\textquotedblleft}I am{\textquotedblright} and \unmatched{1f14}\ensuremath{\chi}\ensuremath{\omega} {\textquotedblleft}I have{\textquotedblright} and a perfect, present or aorist participle in Archaic and Classical Greek. Adopting a so-called {\textquoteleft}ecological{\textquoteright} perspective, I argue for the importance of looking at the interrelationship between the periphrastic constructions in terms of their origins and development, drawing particular attention to the mechanism of {\textquoteleft}intraference{\textquoteright}. I relate their semantic development to the notion of {\textquoteleft}transitivity{\textquoteright} (in a generalized, gradual sense) and show that \unmatched{1f14}\ensuremath{\chi}\ensuremath{\omega} with aorist participle, \ensuremath{\epsilon}\unmatched{1f30}\ensuremath{\mu}\unmatched{1f77} with perfect participle and \ensuremath{\epsilon}\unmatched{1f30}\ensuremath{\mu}\unmatched{1f77} with present participle became used in increasingly more transitive contexts, a process which I propose to call {\textquoteleft}transitivization{\textquoteright}. Somewhat tentatively, I suggest that this notion can also be used to describe the semantic development of periphrasis in general, first having occurred in the domain of perfect aspect, afterwards in that of imperfective aspect and only in a final stage in that of perfective aspect.},
author       = {Bentein, Klaas},
issn         = {0009-837X},
journal      = {CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY},
keyword      = {participial periphrasis,Ancient Greek,diachrony,ecology,transitivity},
language     = {eng},
number       = {4},
pages        = {286--313},
title        = {Transitivity, ecology and the emergence of verbal periphrasis in Ancient Greek},
url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/671785},
volume       = {108},
year         = {2013},
}


Chicago
Bentein, Klaas. 2013. “Transitivity, Ecology and the Emergence of Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek.” Classical Philology 108 (4): 286–313.
APA
Bentein, K. (2013). Transitivity, ecology and the emergence of verbal periphrasis in Ancient Greek. CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY, 108(4), 286–313.
Vancouver
1.
Bentein K. Transitivity, ecology and the emergence of verbal periphrasis in Ancient Greek. CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY. 2013;108(4):286–313.
MLA
Bentein, Klaas. “Transitivity, Ecology and the Emergence of Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek.” CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY 108.4 (2013): 286–313. Print.