Advanced search
2 files | 2.24 MB

Interpreting maps through the eyes of expert and novice users

Kristien Ooms (UGent) , Philippe De Maeyer (UGent) , Veerle Fack (UGent) , Eva Van Assche (UGent) and Frank Witlox (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
The experiments described in this article combine response time measurements and eye movement data to gain insight into the users' cognitive processes while working with dynamic and interactive maps. Experts and novices participated in a user study with a 'between user' design. Twenty screen maps were presented in a random order to each participant, on which he had to execute a visual search. The combined information of the button actions and eye tracker reveals that both user groups showed a similar pattern in the time intervals needed to locate the subsequent names. From this pattern, information about the users' cognitive load could be derived: use of working memory, learning effect and so on. Moreover, the response times also showed that experts were significantly faster in finding the names in the map image. This is further explained by the eye movement metrics: experts had significantly shorter fixations and more fixations per second meaning that they could interpret a larger part of the map in the same amount of time. As a consequence, they could locate objects in the map image more efficiently and thus faster.
Keywords
COMPLEXITY, INFORMATION, DISPLAYS, cognitive map, MOVEMENT PARAMETERS, usability, eye tracking, cartography

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 934.55 KB
  • IJGIS final ugent.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.31 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Ooms, Kristien, Philippe De Maeyer, Veerle Fack, Eva Van Assche, and Frank Witlox. 2012. “Interpreting Maps Through the Eyes of Expert and Novice Users.” International Journal of Geographical Information Science 26 (10): 1773–1788.
APA
Ooms, Kristien, De Maeyer, P., Fack, V., Van Assche, E., & Witlox, F. (2012). Interpreting maps through the eyes of expert and novice users. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SCIENCE, 26(10), 1773–1788.
Vancouver
1.
Ooms K, De Maeyer P, Fack V, Van Assche E, Witlox F. Interpreting maps through the eyes of expert and novice users. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SCIENCE. 2012;26(10):1773–88.
MLA
Ooms, Kristien, Philippe De Maeyer, Veerle Fack, et al. “Interpreting Maps Through the Eyes of Expert and Novice Users.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SCIENCE 26.10 (2012): 1773–1788. Print.
@article{3061152,
  abstract     = {The experiments described in this article combine response time measurements and eye movement data to gain insight into the users' cognitive processes while working with dynamic and interactive maps. Experts and novices participated in a user study with a 'between user' design. Twenty screen maps were presented in a random order to each participant, on which he had to execute a visual search. The combined information of the button actions and eye tracker reveals that both user groups showed a similar pattern in the time intervals needed to locate the subsequent names. From this pattern, information about the users' cognitive load could be derived: use of working memory, learning effect and so on. Moreover, the response times also showed that experts were significantly faster in finding the names in the map image. This is further explained by the eye movement metrics: experts had significantly shorter fixations and more fixations per second meaning that they could interpret a larger part of the map in the same amount of time. As a consequence, they could locate objects in the map image more efficiently and thus faster.},
  author       = {Ooms, Kristien and De Maeyer, Philippe and Fack, Veerle and Van Assche, Eva and Witlox, Frank},
  issn         = {1365-8816},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {COMPLEXITY,INFORMATION,DISPLAYS,cognitive map,MOVEMENT PARAMETERS,usability,eye tracking,cartography},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1773--1788},
  title        = {Interpreting maps through the eyes of expert and novice users},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2011.642801},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2012},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: