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The role of plant peptides in symbiotic interactions

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Abstract
Plants form symbioses with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia that cause the formation of root nodules. Plant peptides of the CLAVATA3/embryo-surrounding region (CLE), early nodulin 40 (ENOD40), rapid alkalinization factor (RALF), <i>devil1 (DVL1)/rotundifolia4 (ROT4)</i>, and nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) families have been implicated in all stages of nodulation. While CLE peptides have roles in controlling the proliferation of nodule cell divisions locally and systemically, ENOD40 peptides act locally in nodule initiation. RALF and DLV1-related peptides play a role in bacterial infection thread formation, while the large family of NCR proteins is nodule specific and controls bacteroid differentiation in mature nodules. Interestingly, parasitic nematodes, which induce feeding structures in host roots that involve similar induction of cell division and differentiation as nodules, are the only organisms known to encode CLE peptides outside the plant kingdom. While rhizobia induce the expression of CLE peptides by the host, parasitic nematodes directly inject CLE peptides into developing feeding cells, mimicking the host peptides.

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Chicago
Mortier, Virginie, Ulrike Mathesius, and Sofie Goormachtig. 2012. “The Role of Plant Peptides in Symbiotic Interactions.” In Plant Signaling Peptides, ed. Helen R Irving and Christoph Gehring, 16:135–162. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
APA
Mortier, V., Mathesius, U., & Goormachtig, S. (2012). The role of plant peptides in symbiotic interactions. In H. R. Irving & C. Gehring (Eds.), Plant signaling peptides (Vol. 16, pp. 135–162). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Mortier V, Mathesius U, Goormachtig S. The role of plant peptides in symbiotic interactions. In: Irving HR, Gehring C, editors. Plant signaling peptides. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer; 2012. p. 135–62.
MLA
Mortier, Virginie, Ulrike Mathesius, and Sofie Goormachtig. “The Role of Plant Peptides in Symbiotic Interactions.” Plant Signaling Peptides. Ed. Helen R Irving & Christoph Gehring. Vol. 16. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2012. 135–162. Print.
@incollection{3054003,
  abstract     = {Plants form symbioses with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia that cause the formation of root nodules. Plant peptides of the CLAVATA3/embryo-surrounding region (CLE), early nodulin 40 (ENOD40), rapid alkalinization factor (RALF), {\textlangle}i{\textrangle}devil1 (DVL1)/rotundifolia4 (ROT4){\textlangle}/i{\textrangle}, and nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) families have been implicated in all stages of nodulation. While CLE peptides have roles in controlling the proliferation of nodule cell divisions locally and systemically, ENOD40 peptides act locally in nodule initiation. RALF and DLV1-related peptides play a role in bacterial infection thread formation, while the large family of NCR proteins is nodule specific and controls bacteroid differentiation in mature nodules. Interestingly, parasitic nematodes, which induce feeding structures in host roots that involve similar induction of cell division and differentiation as nodules, are the only organisms known to encode CLE peptides outside the plant kingdom. While rhizobia induce the expression of CLE peptides by the host, parasitic nematodes directly inject CLE peptides into developing feeding cells, mimicking the host peptides.},
  author       = {Mortier, Virginie and Mathesius, Ulrike and Goormachtig, Sofie},
  booktitle    = {Plant signaling peptides},
  editor       = {Irving, Helen R and Gehring, Christoph},
  isbn         = {9783642276033},
  issn         = {1867-9048},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {135--162},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Signaling and Communication in Plants},
  title        = {The role of plant peptides in symbiotic interactions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27603-3\_8},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2012},
}

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