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The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance

Evelien D'haeseleer (UGent) , Kristiane Van Lierde (UGent) , Sofie Claeys (UGent) and Herman Depypere (UGent)
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Abstract
In an initial study it was shown that (without hormonal influences) middle-aged (premenopausal) women show a smaller frequency and intensity range and a lower fundamental frequency of the voice compared to young women. To investigate the impact of menopause on voice and nasal resonance a cross-sectional non-randomized study design was used. Vocal characteristics and nasal resonance in premenopausal and postmenopausal women without hormone therapy (HT) were compared. Postmenopausal women without HT showed a significantly lower speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and were able to phonate lower compared to postmenopausal women with HT. The mean difference in SFF was 14 Hz. HT can also counteract the menopausal changes in SFF. The lower SFF did not result in vocal complaints. Further research about the impact of menopause and HT on voice should concentrate on elite professional voice users.
Keywords
menopause, hormone therapy, vocal quality, nasal resonance

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
D’haeseleer, Evelien, Kristiane Van Lierde, Sofie Claeys, and Herman Depypere. 2012. “The Impact of Menopause and Hormone Therapy on Voice and Nasal Resonance.” Facts, Views & Vision in Obgyn 4 (1): 38–41.
APA
D’haeseleer, E., Van Lierde, K., Claeys, S., & Depypere, H. (2012). The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance. FACTS, VIEWS & VISION IN OBGYN, 4(1), 38–41.
Vancouver
1.
D’haeseleer E, Van Lierde K, Claeys S, Depypere H. The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance. FACTS, VIEWS & VISION IN OBGYN. 2012;4(1):38–41.
MLA
D’haeseleer, Evelien, Kristiane Van Lierde, Sofie Claeys, et al. “The Impact of Menopause and Hormone Therapy on Voice and Nasal Resonance.” FACTS, VIEWS & VISION IN OBGYN 4.1 (2012): 38–41. Print.
@article{3051351,
  abstract     = {In an initial study it was shown that (without hormonal influences) middle-aged (premenopausal) women show a smaller frequency and intensity range and a lower fundamental frequency of the voice compared to young women.
To investigate the impact of menopause on voice and nasal resonance a cross-sectional non-randomized study design was used. Vocal characteristics and nasal resonance in premenopausal and postmenopausal women without hormone therapy (HT) were compared. Postmenopausal women without HT showed a significantly lower speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and were able to phonate lower compared to postmenopausal women with HT. The mean difference in SFF was 14 Hz. HT can also counteract the menopausal changes in SFF. The lower SFF did not result in vocal complaints. Further research about the impact of menopause and HT on voice should concentrate on elite professional voice users.},
  author       = {D'haeseleer, Evelien and Van Lierde, Kristiane and Claeys, Sofie and Depypere, Herman},
  issn         = {2032-0418},
  journal      = {FACTS, VIEWS \& VISION IN OBGYN},
  keyword      = {menopause,hormone therapy,vocal quality,nasal resonance},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {38--41},
  title        = {The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2012},
}