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The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance

Evelien D'haeseleer UGent (2011)
abstract
During lifetime the female larynx is very sensitive to sex hormone fluctuations. In middle-aged women, the menopausal transition is an important event that drastically changes the sex hormone balance. Menopause is associated with many alterations of functional and organic well-being. Well-known symptoms accompanying this period are vasomotor symptoms, sleep disturbances, urogenital symptoms, loss of bone density (osteoporosis) and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The main objective of this thesis was to measure and describe the impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance in middle-aged women. To achieve this objective four different research goals were formulated. The first purpose was to measure and describe the impact of aging on voice and nasal resonance in order to differentiate between aging and menopause. The second purpose was to describe the impact of menopause on voice and nasal resonance by comparing premenopausal and postmenopausal women (not taking hormone therapy). The third purpose of the thesis was to investigate the impact of hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance of postmenopausal women. Finally, the association between body mass index and speaking fundamental frequency was investigated in premenopausal women and postmenopausal women with and without hormone therapy. The results of this thesis revealed that postmenopausal women with and without hormone therapy show an overall good vocal quality. However, menopause lowers the voice with approximately 14Hz and hormone therapy counteracts this decrease in speaking fundamental frequency. In postmenopausal women without hormone therapy the body mass index should be taken into account since body mass index is positively correlated to the speaking fundamental frequency in this group. Menopause and hormone therapy do not have an impact on the nasal resonance in middle-aged women.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
promoter
UGent and UGent
organization
year
type
dissertation (monograph)
subject
keyword
larynx, nasal resonance menopause, vocal quality, hormone therapy
pages
171 pages
publisher
Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
place of publication
Ghent, Belgium
defense location
Gent : Het Pand (zaal rector Blancquaert)
defense date
2011-05-24 18:00
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
D1
additional info
dissertation consists of copyrighted material
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3051326
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3051326
date created
2012-11-12 16:13:22
date last changed
2012-11-13 09:05:15
@phdthesis{3051326,
  abstract     = {During lifetime the female larynx is very sensitive to sex hormone fluctuations. In middle-aged women, the menopausal transition is an important event that drastically changes the sex hormone balance. Menopause is associated with many alterations of functional and organic well-being. Well-known symptoms accompanying this period are vasomotor symptoms, sleep disturbances, urogenital symptoms, loss of bone density (osteoporosis) and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
The main objective of this thesis was to measure and describe the impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance in middle-aged women. To achieve this objective four different research goals were formulated. The first purpose was to measure and describe the impact of aging on voice and nasal resonance in order to differentiate between aging and menopause. The second purpose was to describe the impact of menopause on voice and nasal resonance by comparing premenopausal and postmenopausal women (not taking hormone therapy). The third purpose of the thesis was to investigate the impact of hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance of postmenopausal women. Finally, the association between body mass index and speaking fundamental frequency was investigated in premenopausal women and postmenopausal women with and without hormone therapy.
The results of this thesis revealed that postmenopausal women with and without hormone therapy show an overall good vocal quality. However, menopause lowers the voice with approximately 14Hz and hormone therapy counteracts this decrease in speaking fundamental frequency. In postmenopausal women without hormone therapy the body mass index should be taken into account since body mass index is positively correlated to the speaking fundamental frequency in this group. Menopause and hormone therapy do not have an impact on the nasal resonance in middle-aged women.},
  author       = {D'haeseleer, Evelien},
  keyword      = {larynx,nasal resonance menopause,vocal quality,hormone therapy},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {171},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
D’haeseleer, Evelien. 2011. “The Impact of Menopause and Hormone Therapy on Voice and Nasal Resonance”. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
APA
D’haeseleer, E. (2011). The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance. Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, Belgium.
Vancouver
1.
D’haeseleer E. The impact of menopause and hormone therapy on voice and nasal resonance. [Ghent, Belgium]: Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; 2011.
MLA
D’haeseleer, Evelien. “The Impact of Menopause and Hormone Therapy on Voice and Nasal Resonance.” 2011 : n. pag. Print.