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Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens

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Abstract
The occurrence of autochthonous clinical cases of canine and equine babesiosis in Belgium during the last two decades suggests that the vector of the pathogens responsible for these diseases, Dermacentor reticulatus (Ixodida: Ixodidae), may be present in this country. Consequently, evidence for the presence of this tick species in different locations within Belgium was investigated. Four different locations were monitored by flagging in 2010; these included the locations at which D. reticulatus was previously found on a dog in 2009 and on two red deer in 2007. Two different species of tick were identified, Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) and D. reticulatus. A total of 282 D. reticulatus adult ticks (98 males, 184 females) were collected from the four sites. Ticks were found mainly from early March until the end of May and a peak in activity was apparent in March. A Babesia spp. (Piroplasmida: Babesiidae) genus-specific polymerase chain reaction test based on the amplification of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene was used to investigate the potential presence of Babesia spp. All DNA extracts isolated from the total tick samples yielded negative results. Additional studies to accurately determine the distribution and vectorial capacity of this important tick species in Belgium are warranted.
Keywords
Dermacentor reticulatus, Babesia spp, tick, Belgium, IXODES-RICINUS TICKS, CANINE BABESIOSIS, MOLECULAR EVIDENCE, GERMANY, NETHERLANDS, VECTOR

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MLA
Cochez, C, L Lempereur, M Madder, et al. “Foci Report on Indigenous Dermacentor Reticulatus Populations in Belgium and a Preliminary Study of Associated Babesiosis Pathogens.” MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY 26.3 (2012): 355–358. Print.
APA
Cochez, C, Lempereur, L., Madder, M., Claerebout, E., Simons, L., De Wilde, N., Linden, A., et al. (2012). Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens. MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY, 26(3), 355–358.
Chicago author-date
Cochez, C, L Lempereur, M Madder, Edwin Claerebout, L Simons, Nathalie De Wilde, A Linden, C Saegerman, P Heyman, and B Losson. 2012. “Foci Report on Indigenous Dermacentor Reticulatus Populations in Belgium and a Preliminary Study of Associated Babesiosis Pathogens.” Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26 (3): 355–358.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Cochez, C, L Lempereur, M Madder, Edwin Claerebout, L Simons, Nathalie De Wilde, A Linden, C Saegerman, P Heyman, and B Losson. 2012. “Foci Report on Indigenous Dermacentor Reticulatus Populations in Belgium and a Preliminary Study of Associated Babesiosis Pathogens.” Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26 (3): 355–358.
Vancouver
1.
Cochez C, Lempereur L, Madder M, Claerebout E, Simons L, De Wilde N, et al. Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens. MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY. 2012;26(3):355–8.
IEEE
[1]
C. Cochez et al., “Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens,” MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 355–358, 2012.
@article{3032872,
  abstract     = {The occurrence of autochthonous clinical cases of canine and equine babesiosis in Belgium during the last two decades suggests that the vector of the pathogens responsible for these diseases, Dermacentor reticulatus (Ixodida: Ixodidae), may be present in this country. Consequently, evidence for the presence of this tick species in different locations within Belgium was investigated. Four different locations were monitored by flagging in 2010; these included the locations at which D. reticulatus was previously found on a dog in 2009 and on two red deer in 2007. Two different species of tick were identified, Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) and D. reticulatus. A total of 282 D. reticulatus adult ticks (98 males, 184 females) were collected from the four sites. Ticks were found mainly from early March until the end of May and a peak in activity was apparent in March. A Babesia spp. (Piroplasmida: Babesiidae) genus-specific polymerase chain reaction test based on the amplification of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene was used to investigate the potential presence of Babesia spp. All DNA extracts isolated from the total tick samples yielded negative results. Additional studies to accurately determine the distribution and vectorial capacity of this important tick species in Belgium are warranted.},
  author       = {Cochez, C and Lempereur, L and Madder, M and Claerebout, Edwin and Simons, L and De Wilde, Nathalie and Linden, A and Saegerman, C and Heyman, P and Losson, B},
  issn         = {0269-283X},
  journal      = {MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Dermacentor reticulatus,Babesia spp,tick,Belgium,IXODES-RICINUS TICKS,CANINE BABESIOSIS,MOLECULAR EVIDENCE,GERMANY,NETHERLANDS,VECTOR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {355--358},
  title        = {Foci report on indigenous Dermacentor reticulatus populations in Belgium and a preliminary study of associated babesiosis pathogens},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00998.x},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2012},
}

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