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Breeding or assisted reproduction?: relevance of the horse model applied to the conservation of endangered equids

(2012) REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. 47(suppl. 4). p.239-248
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Abstract
Many wild equids are at present endangered in the wild. Concurrently, increased mechanization has pushed back the numbers of some old native horse breeds to levels that are no longer compatible with survival of the breed. Strong concerns arose in the last decade to preserve animal biodiversity, including that of rare horse breeds. Genome Resource Banking refers to the cryostorage of genetic material and is an approach for ex situ conservation, which should be applied in combination with in situ conservation programmes. In this review, we propose that, owing to the great reproductive similarity among the different members of the genus Equus, the domestic horse can be used to optimize cryopreservation and embryo production protocols for future application in wild equids. We will give this hypothesis a scientific underpinning by listing successful applications of epididymal sperm freezing, embryo freezing, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, oocyte vitrification and somatic cell nuclear transfer in domestic horses. Some ART fertilization methods may be performed with semen of very low quality or with oocytes obtained after the death of the mare.
Keywords
EPIDIDYMAL STALLION SPERM, TREATED DONOR CELLS, CELL NUCLEAR TRANSFER, IN-VITRO PRODUCTION, INTRACYTOPLASMIC INJECTION

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Chicago
Smits, Katrien, Maarten Hoogewijs, H Woelders, Peter Daels, and Ann Van Soom. 2012. “Breeding or Assisted Reproduction?: Relevance of the Horse Model Applied to the Conservation of Endangered Equids.” Reproduction in Domestic Animals 47 (suppl. 4): 239–248.
APA
Smits, Katrien, Hoogewijs, M., Woelders, H., Daels, P., & Van Soom, A. (2012). Breeding or assisted reproduction?: relevance of the horse model applied to the conservation of endangered equids. REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS, 47(suppl. 4), 239–248.
Vancouver
1.
Smits K, Hoogewijs M, Woelders H, Daels P, Van Soom A. Breeding or assisted reproduction?: relevance of the horse model applied to the conservation of endangered equids. REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. 2012;47(suppl. 4):239–48.
MLA
Smits, Katrien, Maarten Hoogewijs, H Woelders, et al. “Breeding or Assisted Reproduction?: Relevance of the Horse Model Applied to the Conservation of Endangered Equids.” REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS 47.suppl. 4 (2012): 239–248. Print.
@article{3032655,
  abstract     = {Many wild equids are at present endangered in the wild. Concurrently, increased mechanization has pushed back the numbers of some old native horse breeds to levels that are no longer compatible with survival of the breed. Strong concerns arose in the last decade to preserve animal biodiversity, including that of rare horse breeds. Genome Resource Banking refers to the cryostorage of genetic material and is an approach for ex situ conservation, which should be applied in combination with in situ conservation programmes. In this review, we propose that, owing to the great reproductive similarity among the different members of the genus Equus, the domestic horse can be used to optimize cryopreservation and embryo production protocols for future application in wild equids. We will give this hypothesis a scientific underpinning by listing successful applications of epididymal sperm freezing, embryo freezing, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, oocyte vitrification and somatic cell nuclear transfer in domestic horses. Some ART fertilization methods may be performed with semen of very low quality or with oocytes obtained after the death of the mare.},
  author       = {Smits, Katrien and Hoogewijs, Maarten and Woelders, H and Daels, Peter and Van Soom, Ann},
  issn         = {0936-6768},
  journal      = {REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS},
  keyword      = {EPIDIDYMAL STALLION SPERM,TREATED DONOR CELLS,CELL NUCLEAR TRANSFER,IN-VITRO PRODUCTION,INTRACYTOPLASMIC INJECTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 4},
  pages        = {239--248},
  title        = {Breeding or assisted reproduction?: relevance of the horse model applied to the conservation of endangered equids},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2012.02082.x},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2012},
}

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