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The use of lingála in the teaching of chemistry in DR Congo: a socio-terminological approach

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Abstract
In most African countries, former colonial languages continue to be used as languages of instruction (LOI) in the school system, based inter alia on the claim that African languages have not developed scientific and technical vocabularies. At the same time, however, the general public, including students, has a poor command of those LOI. This paper focuses on the situation of Lingála, which is the dominant language in Kinshasa, the capital of DR Congo. Kinshasa students speak Lingála in their daily life, but in the classroom French is the language of instruction. In the framework of code-elaboration, this paper describes a methodology for creating chemistry vocabulary in Lingála and promoting it among teachers and students. It also analyzes the users' attitudes vis-à-vis the presence of Lingála in a school text. It strives to prove that it is relatively easy to coin relevant terms for any scientific or technical field, and to highlight the importance of improving positive attitudes towards this African language and the commitment by its speakers to pursue this type of work and use the resulting terms once they have been developed.
Keywords
chemistry, african languages, terminology, Congo, Lingala

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Chicago
Sene Mongaba, Bienvenu. 2012. “The Use of Lingála in the Teaching of Chemistry in DR Congo: a Socio-terminological Approach.” In Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics : African Languages in Context, ed. Michael R Marlo, Nikki B Adams, Christopher R Green, Michelle Morrison, and Tristan M Purvis, 308–320. Somerville, MA, USA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
APA
Sene Mongaba, B. (2012). The use of lingála in the teaching of chemistry in DR Congo: a socio-terminological approach. In M. R. Marlo, N. B. Adams, C. R. Green, M. Morrison, & T. M. Purvis (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics : African Languages in Context (pp. 308–320). Presented at the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics (ACAL - 2011), Somerville, MA, USA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Vancouver
1.
Sene Mongaba B. The use of lingála in the teaching of chemistry in DR Congo: a socio-terminological approach. In: Marlo MR, Adams NB, Green CR, Morrison M, Purvis TM, editors. Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics : African Languages in Context. Somerville, MA, USA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.; 2012. p. 308–20.
MLA
Sene Mongaba, Bienvenu. “The Use of Lingála in the Teaching of Chemistry in DR Congo: a Socio-terminological Approach.” Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics : African Languages in Context. Ed. Michael R Marlo et al. Somerville, MA, USA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project., 2012. 308–320. Print.
@inproceedings{3020838,
  abstract     = {In most African countries, former colonial languages continue to be used as languages of instruction (LOI) in the school system, based inter alia on the claim that African languages have not developed scientific and technical vocabularies. At the same time, however, the general public, including students, has a poor command of those LOI. This paper focuses on the situation of Ling{\'a}la, which is the dominant language in Kinshasa, the capital of DR Congo. Kinshasa students speak Ling{\'a}la in their daily life, but in the classroom French is the language of instruction. In the framework of code-elaboration, this paper describes a methodology for creating chemistry vocabulary in Ling{\'a}la and promoting it among teachers and students. It also analyzes the users' attitudes vis-{\`a}-vis the presence of Ling{\'a}la in a school text. It strives to prove that it is relatively easy to coin relevant terms for any scientific or technical field, and to highlight the importance of improving positive attitudes towards this African language and the commitment by its speakers to pursue this type of work and use the resulting terms once they have been developed.},
  author       = {Sene Mongaba, Bienvenu},
  booktitle    = {Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics : African Languages in Context},
  editor       = {Marlo, Michael R and Adams, Nikki B and Green, Christopher R and Morrison, Michelle  and Purvis, Tristan M},
  isbn         = {9781574734539},
  keyword      = {chemistry,african languages,terminology,Congo,Lingala},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Maryland, USA},
  pages        = {308--320},
  publisher    = {Cascadilla Proceedings Project.},
  title        = {The use of ling{\'a}la in the teaching of chemistry in DR Congo: a socio-terminological approach},
  year         = {2012},
}