Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Intact brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) in diets of weaned piglets: effects on performance, gut bacteria and histo-morphology and plasma oxidative status

Joris Michiels UGent, E Skrivanova, Joris Missotten UGent, Anneke Ovyn UGent, J Mrazek, Stefaan De Smet UGent and Noël Dierick UGent (2012) JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. 96(6). p.1101-1111
abstract
The aim was to assess the effects of intact dried Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed on piglet performances, gut bacteria and function and plasma oxidative status. A total of 160 weaned piglets (21 days, 6.59 +/- 0.91 kg) were allocated to four dietary treatments with eight pen replicates of five animals each for 28 days: a control diet; based on cereals, soybean meal and milk products, and three basal diets supplemented with either 2.5, 5.0 or 10.0 g dried seaweed per kg. At day 12/13 one piglet from each pen was sacrificed. Plasma samples were taken to determine parameters of oxidative status. Digesta were sampled for microbiological plate countings onto selective media and molecular analysis using PCR-DGGE. Small intestinal tissue was taken for morphological and electro-physiological determinations. Data were analysed by a linear model with treatment as fixed effect. A. nodosum supplementation had no effect on daily weight gain, nor did it alter feed conversion ratio. Plate countings failed to reveal differences among treatments. Dendograms prepared using PCR-DGGE banding patterns did not indicate clustering of microbial profiles based on diet supplement. Plasma oxidative status and outcome of morphology and of electro-physiological measurements from gut tissues were similar for all treatments. Thus, the addition of A. nodosum seaweed to well digestible diets did not enhance performances of piglets nor some gut health parameters and plasma oxidative status.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
gut function, antioxidant, weaning piglets, macro-algae, laminarin, GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS ANALYSIS, FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATIONS, INTESTINAL MICROFLORA, MICROBIAL-POPULATIONS, GROWTH-PERFORMANCE, PIGS, ANTIOXIDANT, EXTRACT, POLYSACCHARIDE, DIGESTIBILITY
journal title
JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION
J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr.
volume
96
issue
6
pages
1101 - 1111
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000314234700018
JCR category
AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
JCR impact factor
1.254 (2012)
JCR rank
15/54 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0931-2439
DOI
10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01227.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
3009238
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-3009238
date created
2012-10-09 09:00:37
date last changed
2013-07-12 10:56:57
@article{3009238,
  abstract     = {The aim was to assess the effects of intact dried Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed on piglet performances, gut bacteria and function and plasma oxidative status. A total of 160 weaned piglets (21 days, 6.59 +/- 0.91 kg) were allocated to four dietary treatments with eight pen replicates of five animals each for 28 days: a control diet; based on cereals, soybean meal and milk products, and three basal diets supplemented with either 2.5, 5.0 or 10.0 g dried seaweed per kg. At day 12/13 one piglet from each pen was sacrificed. Plasma samples were taken to determine parameters of oxidative status. Digesta were sampled for microbiological plate countings onto selective media and molecular analysis using PCR-DGGE. Small intestinal tissue was taken for morphological and electro-physiological determinations. Data were analysed by a linear model with treatment as fixed effect. A. nodosum supplementation had no effect on daily weight gain, nor did it alter feed conversion ratio. Plate countings failed to reveal differences among treatments. Dendograms prepared using PCR-DGGE banding patterns did not indicate clustering of microbial profiles based on diet supplement. Plasma oxidative status and outcome of morphology and of electro-physiological measurements from gut tissues were similar for all treatments. Thus, the addition of A. nodosum seaweed to well digestible diets did not enhance performances of piglets nor some gut health parameters and plasma oxidative status.},
  author       = {Michiels, Joris and Skrivanova, E and Missotten, Joris and Ovyn, Anneke and Mrazek, J and De Smet, Stefaan and Dierick, No{\"e}l},
  issn         = {0931-2439},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {gut function,antioxidant,weaning piglets,macro-algae,laminarin,GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS ANALYSIS,FATTY-ACID CONCENTRATIONS,INTESTINAL MICROFLORA,MICROBIAL-POPULATIONS,GROWTH-PERFORMANCE,PIGS,ANTIOXIDANT,EXTRACT,POLYSACCHARIDE,DIGESTIBILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1101--1111},
  title        = {Intact brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) in diets of weaned piglets: effects on performance, gut bacteria and histo-morphology and plasma oxidative status},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01227.x},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Michiels, Joris, E Skrivanova, Joris Missotten, Anneke Ovyn, J Mrazek, Stefaan De Smet, and Noël Dierick. 2012. “Intact Brown Seaweed (Ascophyllum Nodosum) in Diets of Weaned Piglets: Effects on Performance, Gut Bacteria and Histo-morphology and Plasma Oxidative Status.” Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 96 (6): 1101–1111.
APA
Michiels, J., Skrivanova, E., Missotten, J., Ovyn, A., Mrazek, J., De Smet, S., & Dierick, N. (2012). Intact brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) in diets of weaned piglets: effects on performance, gut bacteria and histo-morphology and plasma oxidative status. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION, 96(6), 1101–1111.
Vancouver
1.
Michiels J, Skrivanova E, Missotten J, Ovyn A, Mrazek J, De Smet S, et al. Intact brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) in diets of weaned piglets: effects on performance, gut bacteria and histo-morphology and plasma oxidative status. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. 2012;96(6):1101–11.
MLA
Michiels, Joris, E Skrivanova, Joris Missotten, et al. “Intact Brown Seaweed (Ascophyllum Nodosum) in Diets of Weaned Piglets: Effects on Performance, Gut Bacteria and Histo-morphology and Plasma Oxidative Status.” JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION 96.6 (2012): 1101–1111. Print.