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Constrict in the school context: the impact of ethnic school diversity on the quantity and quality of friendships

Jannick Demanet UGent, Orhan Agirdag UGent and Mieke Van Houtte UGent (2012) SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY. 53(4). p.654-675
abstract
Constrict theory states that, in the short run, ethnic diversity in any context lowers both the quantity and quality of interpersonal contacts. We test this theory in the school context, expecting that ethnic school diversity yields fewer and less qualitative friendships. Moreover, we investigate whether the associations hold when controlling for the school’s socioeconomic situation, and whether the relations between ethnic school diversity and the social outcomes differ between natives and immigrants. Multilevel analyses on data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 10,546 natives and 1,324 immigrants in 85 secondary schools, show that ethnic diversity yields fewer friendships and a lower attachment to friends. However, this appears to be due to the schools' socio-economic composition. For immigrants, moreover, a higher ethnic diversity yields more friendships and a higher attachment to friends. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
RACIAL COMPOSITION, INTERGROUP CONTACT THEORY, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, ETHNIC-COMPOSITION, FRIENDSHIP SEGREGATION, SOCIAL COHESION, RACE, DIVERSITY, NEIGHBORHOOD, ADOLESCENTS
journal title
SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY
volume
53
issue
4
pages
654 - 675
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000309061400009
JCR category
SOCIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.545 (2012)
JCR rank
27/136 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0038-0253
DOI
10.1111/j.1533-8525.2012.01245.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2998977
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2998977
date created
2012-09-25 13:13:14
date last changed
2013-07-05 14:44:10
@article{2998977,
  abstract     = {Constrict theory states that, in the short run, ethnic diversity in any context lowers both the quantity and quality of interpersonal contacts. We test this theory in the school context, expecting that ethnic school diversity yields fewer and less qualitative friendships. Moreover, we investigate whether the associations hold when controlling for the school{\textquoteright}s socioeconomic situation, and whether the relations between ethnic school diversity and the social outcomes differ between natives and immigrants. Multilevel analyses on data from the Flemish Educational Assessment, consisting of 10,546 natives and 1,324 immigrants in 85 secondary schools, show that ethnic diversity yields fewer friendships and a lower attachment to friends. However, this appears to be due to the schools' socio-economic composition. For immigrants, moreover, a higher ethnic diversity yields more friendships and a higher attachment to friends. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.},
  author       = {Demanet, Jannick and Agirdag, Orhan and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  issn         = {0038-0253},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY},
  keyword      = {RACIAL COMPOSITION,INTERGROUP CONTACT THEORY,ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,ETHNIC-COMPOSITION,FRIENDSHIP SEGREGATION,SOCIAL COHESION,RACE,DIVERSITY,NEIGHBORHOOD,ADOLESCENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {654--675},
  title        = {Constrict in the school context: the impact of ethnic school diversity on the quantity and quality of friendships},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.2012.01245.x},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Demanet, Jannick, Orhan Agirdag, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2012. “Constrict in the School Context: The Impact of Ethnic School Diversity on the Quantity and Quality of Friendships.” Sociological Quarterly 53 (4): 654–675.
APA
Demanet, Jannick, Agirdag, O., & Van Houtte, M. (2012). Constrict in the school context: the impact of ethnic school diversity on the quantity and quality of friendships. SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, 53(4), 654–675.
Vancouver
1.
Demanet J, Agirdag O, Van Houtte M. Constrict in the school context: the impact of ethnic school diversity on the quantity and quality of friendships. SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY. 2012;53(4):654–75.
MLA
Demanet, Jannick, Orhan Agirdag, and Mieke Van Houtte. “Constrict in the School Context: The Impact of Ethnic School Diversity on the Quantity and Quality of Friendships.” SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 53.4 (2012): 654–675. Print.