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Composition and state of alteration of 18th century glass from the Cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium)

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Abstract
An extended set of 18th century glass vessels was analyzed by means of SEM-EDX (major and minor element composition) The fragmented archaeological objects were recovered from a latrine belonging to the early 18th century building phase of the nunnery of Clairefontaine, near Arlon (B). On the basis of typology and decoration, the major part of the vessels could be dated around the middle of the 18th century. Variety in color and weathering of the glass suggest differences in glassmaking recipes and in the composition and origin of raw materials. The results of the analysis show how two main compositional groups constitute about 90% of the analyzed glass set, and these are constituted by potash glass (transparent beakers) and high lime low alkali glass (green bottles). Next to these, a few potash-lime and soda glasses are also found. The type of alteration has also a clear relation with the original glass composition.
Keywords
Archaeology, Archaeometry, Historical glass, 18th century, SEM-EDX, Belgium

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Chicago
Herremans, Davy, Simone Cagno, Anke Vincke, Wim De Clercq, and Koen Janssens. 2012. “Composition and State of Alteration of 18th Century Glass from the Cistercian Nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium).” In Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, ed. Wendy Meulebroeck, Karin Nys, Dirk Vanclooster, and Hugo Thienpont. Vol. 8422. Belingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering.
APA
Herremans, D., Cagno, S., Vincke, A., De Clercq, W., & Janssens, K. (2012). Composition and state of alteration of 18th century glass from the Cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium). In Wendy Meulebroeck, K. Nys, D. Vanclooster, & H. Thienpont (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 8422). Presented at the Conference on Integrated Approaches to the Study of Historical Glass (IASHG 2012), Belingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering.
Vancouver
1.
Herremans D, Cagno S, Vincke A, De Clercq W, Janssens K. Composition and state of alteration of 18th century glass from the Cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium). In: Meulebroeck W, Nys K, Vanclooster D, Thienpont H, editors. Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. Belingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering; 2012.
MLA
Herremans, Davy, Simone Cagno, Anke Vincke, et al. “Composition and State of Alteration of 18th Century Glass from the Cistercian Nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium).” Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. Ed. Wendy Meulebroeck et al. Vol. 8422. Belingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2012. Print.
@inproceedings{2998107,
  abstract     = {An extended set of 18th century glass vessels was analyzed by means of SEM-EDX (major and minor element composition) The fragmented archaeological objects were recovered from a latrine belonging to the early 18th century building phase of the nunnery of Clairefontaine, near Arlon (B). On the basis of  typology and decoration, the major part of the vessels could be dated around the middle of the 18th century. Variety in color and weathering of the glass suggest differences in glassmaking recipes and in the composition and origin of raw materials. The results of the analysis show how two main compositional groups constitute about 90% of the analyzed glass set, and these are constituted by potash glass (transparent beakers) and high lime low alkali glass (green bottles). Next to these, a few potash-lime and soda glasses are also found. The type of alteration has also a clear relation with the original glass composition.},
  articleno    = {842206},
  author       = {Herremans, Davy and Cagno, Simone and Vincke, Anke and De Clercq, Wim and Janssens, Koen},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering},
  editor       = {Meulebroeck, Wendy and Nys, Karin and Vanclooster, Dirk and Thienpont, Hugo},
  isbn         = {9780819491046},
  issn         = {0277-786X},
  keywords     = {Archaeology,Archaeometry,Historical glass,18th century,SEM-EDX,Belgium},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Brussels, Belgium},
  pages        = {11},
  publisher    = {SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering},
  title        = {Composition and state of alteration of 18th century glass from the Cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine (Belgium)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.975247},
  volume       = {8422},
  year         = {2012},
}

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