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A composite index of citizen satisfaction with local police services

Nicky Rogge and Marijn Verschelde UGent (2013) POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT. 36(2). p.238-262
abstract
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to propose a non-parametric methodology to construct composite scores of citizen satisfaction with local police services. More precisely, the paper advocates a custom made version of the popular Data Envelopment Analysis approach, also referred to as the "Benefit-of-the-Doubt" model. The key advantage of this approach is that it weights the citizen satisfaction rates with the multiple local police functions and tasks into the composite score in an endogenous manner, thereby allowing for different values and interpretations of "good local policing" among police services. The methodology is illustrated with citizen satisfaction data on a sample of Belgian local police services. Design/methodology/approach - The paper develops a multidimensional measure of local police effectiveness based on citizen satisfaction measures. It uses a non-parametric evaluation methodology related to the popular DEA-model. The paper looks for strengths and weaknesses in the performances of local police services both at the micro level (per local police service) and at the macro level (region). Findings - With an average overall satisfaction score of 91.94 per cent, it seems safe to say that the majority of the citizens are generally satisfied with local police services. The BoD-model identifies per local police service the basic functionalities that citizens rated relatively highly and poorly. Results show that urbanization per se does not drive the satisfaction scores of the participating local police services. Of much more importance are the regional disparities. Participating local police zones in Flanders receive higher satisfaction scores than those in the Walloon Region (the two big regions in Belgium). One of the findings is that the BoD-model offers both conceptual and practical advantages in the evaluations of local police services. BoD grants each police service the benefit-of-the-doubt in the effectiveness evaluations. The BoD-model also identifies the factors of strength and weakness that explain the citizen satisfaction scores. Originality/value - To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that multidimensional scores of citizen satisfaction are used in the effectiveness evaluations of local police services. The paper uses a methodology that accounts for the own particular circumstances of the local police services (by assigning in an endogenous manner weights in the evaluations).
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Citizen satisfaction, NONPARAMETRIC FRONTIER MODELS, INDICATORS, Local police services, EFFICIENCY, Composite indicator, Policing, Belgium, Data-driven weighting, Data envelopment analysis
journal title
POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT
volume
36
issue
2
pages
238 - 262
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000320741900002
JCR category
CRIMINOLOGY & PENOLOGY
JCR impact factor
0.41 (2013)
JCR rank
46/52 (2013)
JCR quartile
4 (2013)
ISSN
1363-951X
DOI
10.1108/13639511311329697
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2998089
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2998089
date created
2012-09-24 10:52:55
date last changed
2014-11-24 11:32:48
@article{2998089,
  abstract     = {Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to propose a non-parametric methodology to construct composite scores of citizen satisfaction with local police services. More precisely, the paper advocates a custom made version of the popular Data Envelopment Analysis approach, also referred to as the {\textacutedbl}Benefit-of-the-Doubt{\textacutedbl} model. The key advantage of this approach is that it weights the citizen satisfaction rates with the multiple local police functions and tasks into the composite score in an endogenous manner, thereby allowing for different values and interpretations of {\textacutedbl}good local policing{\textacutedbl} among police services. The methodology is illustrated with citizen satisfaction data on a sample of Belgian local police services.
Design/methodology/approach - The paper develops a multidimensional measure of local police effectiveness based on citizen satisfaction measures. It uses a non-parametric evaluation methodology related to the popular DEA-model. The paper looks for strengths and weaknesses in the performances of local police services both at the micro level (per local police service) and at the macro level (region).
Findings - With an average overall satisfaction score of 91.94 per cent, it seems safe to say that the majority of the citizens are generally satisfied with local police services. The BoD-model identifies per local police service the basic functionalities that citizens rated relatively highly and poorly. Results show that urbanization per se does not drive the satisfaction scores of the participating local police services. Of much more importance are the regional disparities. Participating local police zones in Flanders receive higher satisfaction scores than those in the Walloon Region (the two big regions in Belgium). One of the findings is that the BoD-model offers both conceptual and practical advantages in the evaluations of local police services. BoD grants each police service the benefit-of-the-doubt in the effectiveness evaluations. The BoD-model also identifies the factors of strength and weakness that explain the citizen satisfaction scores.
Originality/value - To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that multidimensional scores of citizen satisfaction are used in the effectiveness evaluations of local police services. The paper uses a methodology that accounts for the own particular circumstances of the local police services (by assigning in an endogenous manner weights in the evaluations).},
  author       = {Rogge, Nicky and Verschelde, Marijn},
  issn         = {1363-951X},
  journal      = {POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES \& MANAGEMENT},
  keyword      = {Citizen satisfaction,NONPARAMETRIC FRONTIER MODELS,INDICATORS,Local police services,EFFICIENCY,Composite indicator,Policing,Belgium,Data-driven weighting,Data envelopment analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {238--262},
  title        = {A composite index of citizen satisfaction with local police services},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13639511311329697},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Rogge, Nicky, and Marijn Verschelde. 2013. “A Composite Index of Citizen Satisfaction with Local Police Services.” Policing-an International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 36 (2): 238–262.
APA
Rogge, N., & Verschelde, M. (2013). A composite index of citizen satisfaction with local police services. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, 36(2), 238–262.
Vancouver
1.
Rogge N, Verschelde M. A composite index of citizen satisfaction with local police services. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT. 2013;36(2):238–62.
MLA
Rogge, Nicky, and Marijn Verschelde. “A Composite Index of Citizen Satisfaction with Local Police Services.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT 36.2 (2013): 238–262. Print.