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Psychosocial well-being among male and female Ph.D. students: how important is the mentoring style of the supervisor?

Hanne Derycke UGent, Ronan Van Rossem UGent and Katia Levecque UGent (2012) Dag van de sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts.
abstract
Background: A good interpersonal relationship between a Ph.D. student and his/her supervisor is crucial for the success of a Ph.D. project and could be expected to have an important impact on the well-being of the Ph.D. student. Moreover, it is not clear whether the supervisor-student relationship has a different effect on the well-being of male and female Ph.D. students. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the mentoring style of the Ph.D. supervisor influences the well-being of male and female Ph.D. students differently by taking into account students’ perceived psychosocial work conditions (Karasek, 1979) as possible mediating factors. Method: The present study is based on data collected using the Survey of Junior Researchers from 952 male and 928 female Ph.D. students in 4 Flemish universities. The mentoring style was assessed using two scales, measuring how strongly Ph.D. students perceived their supervisor to be authoritative and supportive. Three measures of psychosocial well-being were included: job satisfaction, pleasure at work and need for recovery. Structural equation modelling was applied for men and women separately to explore the underlying structure of the relationships among mentoring style, psychosocial work conditions and well-being. Results: Our results indicated that for both men and women the relation between mentoring style and well-being was partially mediated by Ph.D. students’ psychosocial work conditions such as perceived job demands, control and social support from co-workers and supervisor. For both male and female Ph.D. students, results showed that the more they perceived their supervisor as supportive, the higher their social support from colleagues and supervisor, job control and job satisfaction. In contrast, the more they perceived their supervisor as authoritative, the higher their job demands and the lower co-worker support, job control and pleasure at work. Women reported lower supervisor support when they perceived their supervisor as authoritative. A highly authoritative mentoring style was only positively related with need for recovery after work among male students. The effects of the psychosocial work conditions on student well-being were comparable for male and female students. Conclusion: These findings suggest that Ph.D. supervisors should become aware of how their mentoring style may influence Ph.D. students’ perception of psychosocial work conditions and well-being. A supportive mentoring style positively influences student well-being, while an authoritative mentoring style has a negative effect on well-being, especially among male Ph.D. students.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
in
Dag van de sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts
conference name
Dag van de Sociologie (DVDS - 2012)
conference location
Utrecht, Nederland
conference start
2012-05-24
conference end
2012-05-24
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C3
id
2997511
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2997511
date created
2012-09-21 15:55:53
date last changed
2012-09-26 10:22:26
@inproceedings{2997511,
  abstract     = {Background: A good interpersonal relationship between a Ph.D. student and his/her supervisor is crucial for the success of a Ph.D. project and could be expected to have an important impact on the well-being of the Ph.D. student. Moreover, it is not clear whether the supervisor-student relationship has a different effect on the well-being of male and female Ph.D. students. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the mentoring style of the Ph.D. supervisor influences the well-being of male and female Ph.D. students differently by taking into account students{\textquoteright} perceived psychosocial work conditions (Karasek, 1979) as possible mediating factors. Method: The present study is based on data collected using the Survey of Junior Researchers from 952 male and 928 female Ph.D. students in 4 Flemish universities. The mentoring style was assessed using two scales, measuring how strongly Ph.D. students perceived their supervisor to be authoritative and supportive. Three measures of psychosocial well-being were included: job satisfaction, pleasure at work and need for recovery. Structural equation modelling was applied for men and women separately to explore the underlying structure of the relationships among mentoring style, psychosocial work conditions and well-being. Results: Our results indicated that for both men and women the relation between mentoring style and well-being was partially mediated by Ph.D. students{\textquoteright} psychosocial work conditions such as perceived job demands, control and social support from co-workers and supervisor. For both male and female Ph.D. students, results showed that the more they perceived their supervisor as supportive, the higher their social support from colleagues and supervisor, job control and job satisfaction. In contrast, the more they perceived their supervisor as authoritative, the higher their job demands and the lower co-worker support, job control and pleasure at work. Women reported lower supervisor support when they perceived their supervisor as authoritative. A highly authoritative mentoring style was only positively related with need for recovery after work among male students. The effects of the psychosocial work conditions on student well-being were comparable for male and female students. Conclusion: These findings suggest that Ph.D. supervisors should become aware of how their mentoring style may influence Ph.D. students{\textquoteright} perception of psychosocial work conditions and well-being. A supportive mentoring style positively influences student well-being, while an authoritative mentoring style has a negative effect on well-being, especially among male Ph.D. students.},
  author       = {Derycke, Hanne and Van Rossem, Ronan and Levecque, Katia},
  booktitle    = {Dag van de sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Utrecht, Nederland},
  title        = {Psychosocial well-being among male and female Ph.D. students: how important is the mentoring style of the supervisor?},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Derycke, Hanne, Ronan Van Rossem, and Katia Levecque. 2012. “Psychosocial Well-being Among Male and Female Ph.D. Students: How Important Is the Mentoring Style of the Supervisor?” In Dag Van De Sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts.
APA
Derycke, H., Van Rossem, R., & Levecque, K. (2012). Psychosocial well-being among male and female Ph.D. students: how important is the mentoring style of the supervisor? Dag van de sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts. Presented at the Dag van de Sociologie (DVDS - 2012).
Vancouver
1.
Derycke H, Van Rossem R, Levecque K. Psychosocial well-being among male and female Ph.D. students: how important is the mentoring style of the supervisor? Dag van de sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts. 2012.
MLA
Derycke, Hanne, Ronan Van Rossem, and Katia Levecque. “Psychosocial Well-being Among Male and Female Ph.D. Students: How Important Is the Mentoring Style of the Supervisor?” Dag Van De Sociologie (DVDS - 2012), Abstracts. 2012. Print.